Callisia: bridle at home, reproduction and species, transplant

Callisia: bridle at home, reproduction and species, transplant


Callisia (Latin Callisia) - a genus of evergreen herbaceous perennials of the Kommelinovye family, growing in the humid penumbra of the tropics and subtropics of the Antilles, as well as the countries of Central and South America. There are 12 species in the genus, and some of them are grown in indoor culture.
The name of the plant comes from two Greek words that translate as "beautiful" and "lily", although the closest relative of callisia is not lily, but Tradescantia.

Planting and caring for callisia

  • Bloom: in indoor culture it blooms infrequently, usually in late summer or early autumn.
  • Lighting: bright diffused light or partial shade.
  • Temperature: during the period of active growth - 20-24 ºC, in autumn and winter - 16-18 ºC. The lower temperature limit is 14 ºC.
  • Watering: during the growing season - as the upper layer of the substrate dries up. In winter, between waterings, the substrate should dry out to a third of the depth.
  • Air humidity: increased. In the heat, it is recommended to regularly spray the leaves from a fine spray.
  • Top dressing: from April to October - 2 times a month with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer. In the rest of the year, you can not apply fertilizer.
  • Rest period: from November to March.
  • Transfer: young plants - annually, adults - once every 2-3 years.
  • Reproduction: apical cuttings, layering, dividing the rhizome.
  • Diseases: loss of decorativeness as a result of poor care or violation of conditions of detention.
  • Pests: thrips and spider mites.
  • Properties: the plant does not tolerate tobacco smoke.

Read more about the cultivation of callisia below.

Botanical description

Callisia at home is an ornamental deciduous plant, although it has the ability to form flowers. In room culture, four types are common: creeping callis, navicular callis, graceful callis and golden mustache, or fragrant callis. They are usually grown as ampelous plants, and fragrant callis, in addition to decorative ones, also has medicinal properties. We will give a detailed description of the types of callisia a little below.

Callisia care at home

Growing conditions

Callisia flower needs to be kept under bright, diffused light, but shaded from direct sunlight. In a well-lit room, callisia can be placed even away from the window. Indoor plant callisia - a flower not for the kitchen: it does not tolerate tobacco smoke, fumes, impurities and needs a constant supply of fresh air, so home callisia likes to spend summer on the balcony or in the garden. This plant can be grown not only in residential premises, but also in offices, organizing ventilation without drafts, which harm the flower even more than stale air.

In the photo: Callisia in nature

The usual room temperature is quite suitable for Callisia: in summer 20-24 ˚C, in winter - 16-20 ˚C. However, callisia should be protected from sudden changes and low temperatures: the lower limit for a plant in winter is +14 ˚C.

Watering and feeding

During the period of active growth, that is, from spring to autumn, callisia is watered with soft water at room temperature, as soon as the top layer of soil in the pot dries. In winter, watering is reduced, especially if the dormant period of callisia is cool.

However, the complete drying of the substrate in the pot cannot be allowed: the plant may die. When watering, water should not fall into the center of the outlet: this can cause the formation of rot.

The tropical flower callisia requires high air humidity, especially in the summer heat and in winter, when heating devices are operating at full capacity in the apartment. To prevent the plant from suffering from dry air, it will often have to be sprayed from a fine spray or use a household humidifier.

From April to October, callisia is fed 2 times a month with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer, the rest of the time the plant does not need feeding.


Young callis is transplanted annually, adult - once every 2-3 years. The plant is transferred into a pot filled with expanded clay or pebbles by one quarter of its volume, which should be 2 cm larger than the old dishes in diameter, and the remaining space is filled with a mixture of equal parts of turf, humus, sand and leafy earth. After transplantation, callisia is watered.

In the photo: Callisia at home

Some growers believe that it is pointless to transplant callisia; it is better to grow a new plant from cuttings. If your callisia in the lower part of the stems is very bare, then it is probably better to actually carry out cuttings instead of transplanting. However, with good care, the plant grows old and does not grow very quickly.

Reproduction of callisia

Callisia is propagated throughout the year in the same ways as Tradescantia, ivy or hoya. For example, they cut off an apical stalk with 3-4 internodes, lower it into water with a cut and wait for the roots to grow back. Rooted cuttings are planted in several pieces in a pot with a substrate. It is easy to propagate callisia also by layering: the shoot is added dropwise at the level of the second or third node, right in the pot with the plant, if space permits, or another pot with the substrate is placed next to it and the cuttings are added in it. As soon as the shoot takes root, it is separated from the mother plant.

When transplanting, you can divide the callis into parts and plant them in different pots.

Callisia pests and diseases

Diseases and their treatment

Callisia is almost not affected by infections, but if the plant suddenly starts to hurt, then this is exclusively your fault: apparently, you did not create the necessary conditions for it or did not take good care of it.

  • For example, if the tips of the leaves of callisia begin to dry, this means that the plant is experiencing a chronic lack of moisture and suffers from dry air.
  • Poor lighting leads to stretching of shoots and loss of callisia leaves.
  • Stagnant water in the roots due to poor drainage or too much watering can result in leaf fall and root rot.

Read again the chapter on the conditions of keeping callisia and recommendations for caring for the plant, and then correct the errors found.

Pests and the fight against them

Of the pests, callisia can be attacked by thrips and spider mites. Both of these pests feed on plant sap through bites in the leaves, which is why they turn yellow and fall off, and the plant gradually withers. Thrips can be destroyed with insecticidal preparations, and ticks - acaricidal. It is advisable to carry out treatments outdoors, since these drugs are toxic to humans and pets.

Types and varieties

Callisia elegans

Or callisia graceful - a miniature plant with geniculate creeping stems more than half a meter long, which first grow straight and then descend. This plant is very similar to Tradescantia. It reaches a height of 30-40 cm. Both the leaves and stems of the graceful callisia are covered with velvety pubescence. Oval, pointed at the ends, petiolate, up to 6 cm long, leaf plates of the plant are painted in a violet-green hue on the lower side, and dark green with silvery stripes on the upper side. This species blooms with white flowers that form at the ends of the shoots. The plant does not live very long: after two years, the leaves that lose their brightness in color no longer cover the shoot so tightly, so growers restore the vine by cuttings or layering.

In the photo: Callisia elegans

Callisia navicularis

A changeable plant, the decorativeness of which depends on the variety and conditions of detention.It is a succulent with creeping stems that quickly take root at the nodes and juicy, lanceolate, strongly concave two-row leaves with a longitudinal groove, painted on the upper side in a bronze-green shade of red in the sun, and brownish-purple on the bottom. The leaves are bare, but along a line ascending from the sinus, fringed with small hairs, reaching 2 cm in length and 1.5 cm in width.

In the photo: Callisia navicularis

Callisia creeping (Callisia repens)

The plant is up to 20 cm high and up to 30 cm wide with thin reddish or purple stems and small heart-shaped bright green leaves in purple specks arranged in two rows on them. The flowers of this species are white and inconspicuous. At home, callisia repens is grown in suspended structures, and in the garden it is used as a ground cover plant. Such garden forms of the species are known:

  • Bianca - Callisia with red-violet delicate stems and small bright green leaves;
  • Pink Panther - variety with striped pink-green leaves.

The varieties of Callisia creeping Pink Lady, Noum Popula and Tortl are also popular.

In the photo: Callisia creeping (Callisia repens)

Callisia fragrans

Or callisia thai, or the golden mustache can also be found under the names of "Far Eastern mustache", "live hair", "homemade ginseng" and "corn". This is a larger plant than, for example, small-leaved creeping callisia grown at home. In height, fragrant callis can reach one and a half meters, but it definitely needs support, otherwise the vine can break under its own weight. Callisia fragrance has two types of stems: short, fleshy and vertical, ending in a large rosette of leaves, and long, tubular horizontal processes, articulated whiskers, which serve the plant to capture a new area. The leaves of this species are fragrant, large, leathery, dark green, up to 30 cm long and up to 6 cm wide. On the upper side they are glossy, below they are matte, when grown in bright light, the leaves turn pink.

In the photo: Callisia fragrans


  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Commelinaceae
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Indoor Plants Ornamental Deciduous Commeline Plants on K

Calathei: home care

Most kalata (see Calathea), like all representatives of the arrowroot family, are distinguished by luxurious leaves, their pattern is very diverse and often resembles the coloring of feathers of exotic birds. Some species are also valued for their beautiful inflorescences. High decorative qualities made calatheas very popular and desirable indoor plants, however, it is possible to preserve the beauty of acquired calatheas only when certain conditions are created.

In nature, these plants are found in warm and humid tropical forests, jungles, where they grow under the canopy of tall trees. And at home, they also require high humidity, year-round warmth, bright ambient light and regular watering. Varieties with glossy leaves are the most resistant at home. And species such as Varshevich's calathea and striped calathea, having velvety leaves, react extremely negatively to dry indoor air.

Illumination. Calatheas prefer bright diffused light; direct sunlight on the plant causes burns. Poor lighting can blur the leaf pattern, while stronger lighting will make the leaves smaller and may lose color saturation. It is optimal to place calatheas near the eastern and western windows; in the southern ones in summer, mandatory protection from the sun is required. Calatheas can also grow under artificial lighting with a light period of about 14 hours. In winter, it is necessary to supplement the illumination of plants with phytolamps to increase the level of illumination and the length of daylight hours.

Air humidity should be about 70-90%, it is possible to achieve consistently such parameters only in greenhouses, special flower showcases, florariums. Often, it is the dry indoor air that is an insurmountable problem when growing kalata. In open areas, it is often necessary to spray the air with a fine spray next to the plant, as the leaves of many varieties can become stained from moisture droplets on them. But even frequent spraying and pallets with expanded clay cannot provide the required air humidity in the room - the leaves of kalata, especially in varieties with velvety surfaces, can dry out at the edges.

Temperature conditions. Calatheas are heat-loving plants, they require constant moderate heat, within + 22 + 26 o C. Even in winter, it is undesirable to allow the temperature to drop below +18 o C, as well as cooling the roots, strong and cold drafts. Calatheas do not tolerate too high temperatures, above +30 o C. It is not recommended to take calatheas out into the open air in summer, they do not tolerate sudden jumps in day and night temperatures and other conditions.

Watering in the warm season, regular, moderate, after the top layer of the soil dries out. Do not allow stagnation of water in the pot and pan. The substrate in the pot is watered from above with warm, settled soft water, trying to avoid water getting on the leaves. Hard water is acidified with lemon juice every few waterings, 1-3 drops per liter. In cool conditions, reduce the abundance and frequency of watering, trying to avoid root rot.

Top dressing carried out only during the growth of kalata, in the warm and light seasons. If it becomes cool in the room and not enough light, then feeding should be reduced or completely canceled. It is advisable to divide the monthly dose of fertilizer by the number of waterings per month and apply this small portion with each watering. Fractional fertilization will prevent severe soil salinization and root burns and will always meet the needs of the plant at the moment, since it directly depends on the growing conditions. The better the conditions for growth are, the more actively the plant absorbs water and minerals, the more often it should be watered and fed at the same time. The optimal ratio of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (N-P-K) in feed for kalata is 3-1-2. Excess potassium leads to mottling and a decrease in the intensity of the color of the leaves. The composition of fertilizers must include trace elements.

Soil and transplants. For kalata, light and well-drained moisture-absorbing soil is required; it can be composed of 3 parts of peat and 1 part of sand or perlite. The addition of leaf humus, as well as coniferous litter, which will acidify and loosen the soil, will have a good effect. The acidity of the soil (pH) must be maintained at about 6.5. There is no need to completely change the substrate after purchasing the plants, since they are planted in high-moor peat suitable for kalata with the addition of fertilizers. Substitution of soil causes severe root trauma, which can lead to long-term illness or death of the plant. Young plants are transplanted once a year in the spring by neat transfer into a slightly larger pot, if their root system has mastered the volume well. Adult plants are transplanted every few years, but every year they change the topsoil to a fresh one.

Reproduction kalatea possibly by seeds and division of rhizomes. With a strong growth of underground shoots during transplantation, the calathea can be divided into several parts.

Indoor plant labels in school

MOU ,, secondary school with. Ust - Kurdyum, Saratov region, Biology project " PLANT LIST OF THE OFFICE OF BIOLOGY "

PREPARED BY: Anna Borisova student

Biology teacher: V.V. Gorbunova

  • The main principle of watering ferns is moderation! The soil in the flower pot should not dry out, make sure that it is always slightly moist, while avoiding waterlogging. It is recommended to water the plant 3 times a week, but this is not a criterion at all, the timing of watering depends on the air temperature and on the place in which the flower stands.Water Nephrolepis only with settled, preferably rainwater, it should be soft. -

  • The syngonium plant is recommended to be kept at t - 18-25 degrees. It is better to place a flowerpot with a flower on windows facing west or east, to avoid exposure to drafts. In winter, in order for the syngonium to receive enough light, it can be rearranged closer to the window. To understand if a flower needs brighter lighting, you need to observe its leaves. If the leaves of the syngonium have become small and pale, it means that there is not enough sunlight for it. In winter, it is not recommended to leave the vine near the central heating system.

  • Light for cacti is very important for development and growth. Cacti like a lot of sunlight (light-loving), so it is better to place them on the south window, if there is none, then on the west or east. The optimum temperature for cacti will be 16-24 ° С.It is better for cacti to winter at 10-15 ° С and without drafts. Epiphytic species need a warmer place. It is best to replant the cactus from late March to late May. Young plants are transplanted every year, and adults (from 4 years old) every 2-3 years before the start of active vegetation (March).

  • Indoor begonia grows in pots. They need to be located away from heating appliances. The plant feels best in a specially designated area for plants. The optimum air temperature for begonias is room temperature. If it is summer outside, then it should not exceed 20-22 degrees, if winter, then be below 15-16 degrees.
  • The air in the room should not be dry. Otherwise, it's best to turn on a humidifier. As for the lighting, it shouldn't be too bright. Sunlight is essential for every plant, but for begonias, too much sunlight can be harmful. It is all the more necessary to protect the plant from direct rays, which will dry out delicate leaves and petals.

  • The plant is very fond of good lighting, and, unlike other flowers, is not at all afraid of direct sunlight. But it is recommended that at the very peak of the sun's activity (noon), geraniums should be removed from direct rays in order to avoid burns. The first sign by which you can determine that there is not enough light is that the leaves lose their rich color and fade, in which case you can forget about flowering. It is best to place the pelargonium pot on a southern sunny windowsill. If you expose geraniums outside in the summer, then you need to pick up a closed place, since it really does not like wind and drafts.

  • Like all succulents, aloe loves bright light, and it is better to place it on the windowsills of rooms located on the sunny side, that is, facing south, southeast and southwest. Aloe tolerates some shading in winter quite well, so that artificial lighting with a lack of natural light can not be taken care of. In summer, it is better to put flowerpots on the balcony, loggia, where the plant will get stronger and harden. In extreme heat, it is better to rearrange the aloe so that in the maximum sun the rays do not fall on it. The temperature can vary depending on the season, in winter 10 degrees is enough, and in summer aloe prefers a temperature of 22-26⁰, you need to try to adhere to this framework.

  • Euphorbia is an unpretentious plant to care for. Euphorbia is indeed one of the most unique indoor plants in its properties. The fact is that this flower is one of the few among those who are not afraid of direct sunlight. the temperature of milkweed is in the range from +12 to +16 C. Different stages of plant development correspond to different needs for moisture in the soil of an indoor flower. During the active growing season, euphorbia needs abundant watering. Also, regular spraying will not interfere with it.

  • The ideal lighting for tradescantia is soft diffused light, but it can grow quite well in direct sunlight and in partial shade. In the apartment, it is better for her to allocate a place on the west or east window. In summer, Tradescantia is suitable for a temperature of 23-27 degrees, for wintering, a temperature lower is needed - 8-13 degrees.Wintering can take place in warmth, but usually this has a bad effect on the growth and flowering of the plant in the future. Tradescantia needs abundant watering, but it is important to prevent stagnation of water in the pot and sump - it must be drained. At a low temperature (8-16 degrees), water the plant only after the earthen coma is completely dry. Tradescantia does not die from short-term dryness, but it can weaken and get sick.

It is advisable to olive the ficus regularly in moderation. In the summer months, do this 2-3 times a week. At the beginning of September, watering should be gradually reduced so that by winter the watering schedule is 1 time per week. The ficus flower does not like both excessive moisture of the soil and its drying out. However, before the next watering, the soil still needs to be slightly dried. In addition, periodically the soil must be loosened so that it dries better. From excessive moisture, the roots of the ficus can rot, then it will shed a lot of leaves. Water the tree only with settled and soft water at a temperature no colder than room temperature. Remember to occasionally spray the leaves with a spray bottle. ">

  • With proper care, this houseplant grows rapidly and reaches 2-3 meters in height. The growth rate is about 20 centimeters per year. The plant needs about 3 months to adapt and take root in new conditions. After that, caring for Benjamin's ficus, as well as for rubber, as a rule, does not require much effort. It is advisable to water the ficus regularly in moderation. In the summer months, do this 2-3 times a week. At the beginning of September, watering should be gradually reduced so that by winter the watering schedule is 1 time per week. The ficus flower does not like both excessive moisture of the soil and its drying out. However, before the next watering, the soil still needs to be slightly dried. In addition, periodically the soil must be loosened so that it dries better. From excessive moisture, the roots of the ficus can rot, then it will shed a lot of leaves. Water the tree only with settled and soft water at a temperature no colder than room temperature. Remember to sometimes spray the leaves with a spray bottle.

  • Dense hoya leaves tolerate the dry air of apartments well, you can spray it, but very rarely. During the active growing season, the earthen lump should not be dry. In the spring and summer, water abundantly as the top layer dries. The air temperature is 22-25 degrees Celsius, you should ventilate the room, but you cannot take it out into the open cold air. In winter, watering is reduced and not sprayed. The air temperature in winter should not exceed 12-15 degrees. During cold wintering, the plant is watered very sparsely. With a warm winter, watering will have to be done more often, depending on the temperature of the content. In this case, flowering may be less abundant, since the buds are laid in winter, at a temperature not higher than 18 degrees. With excessive moisture, leaves and even shoots fall off.
  • Hoya responds very well to the "water shower". The plant can be “bathed” - with warm soapy water, with a soft sponge to clean the leaves from dust. During the procedure, dried leaves and twigs are removed. If conditions allow for this, then you can safely put the hoya outside under a little warm rain, at this moment the hoya becomes much livelier and more beautiful.

  • This plant needs diffused light, warmth, not hot, no drafts. Watering a teaspoon into a socket once a week, more often in summer, do not put in the sun, otherwise the tips will dry out, the view will be lost, it will darken. Feed once a month with cactus fertilizer. It is possible for fresh air in summer, but there are problems with dust. Do not fill!

  • When keeping asparagus at home in summer, the room should be kept at a moderate room temperature, but not higher than 25 ° C, and in winter the temperature should not fall below 8 ° C. Although asparagus look best in wall-mounted pots, it is not recommended to place them in a draft. Asparagus respond well to bright but diffused sunlight. Therefore, the flower must be covered from direct sunlight.Asparagus grow well in partial shade conditions.

  • The light intensity should be about 10-12 hours a day. But do not forget that different varieties react differently to light. Plants with thick, dark green leaves can handle brighter lighting than their paler-colored counterparts. It is important to remember that through the water the violet receives oxygen, which it needs for normal growth and development. It is necessary to water the plant evenly, while not allowing the root system to dry out, but also not creating excessive moisture in the earth.
  • With an excess of water, the violets begin to rot, because water completely displaces air, and when there is little water, the roots dry out quickly. Therefore, it is necessary to constantly check the moisture content of the earth.

  • The main care for dieffenbachia mix is ​​abundant watering during the period of its active growth. Moreover, experienced gardeners recommend keeping the earthen lump in water for about 15 minutes, once a month. Then allow the water to drain. Even in winter, this flower needs regular and abundant watering, but so that there is no stagnation of water. Flooded plants are immediately visible. Taking care of this plant at home is not difficult. Although for many, both experienced gardeners and beginners, plant care is still unclear.

  • Despite the fact that Kalanchoe came to us from warm tropical countries, this plant does not tolerate excess moisture.
    whether the soil is constantly too wet, then the roots suffer first: the process of decay begins, so watering should be taken seriously. Kalanchoe - one of those plants that constantly needs sunlight, however, there are several features of the pot lighting. From morning until two or three o'clock in the afternoon, you can keep the Kalanchoe on the windowsill or any other place with abundant sunlight on the flower. However, after dinner, the Kalanchoe should be covered or moved into the shade, creating a feeling of night. If you do not have the opportunity to constantly change the location of the flower, then the problem can be solved with the help of a light scarf with which you will cover the pot. In the afternoon, the Kalanchoe does not perceive the sun's rays, they rather spoil the leaves of the plant.


Natalia Anikina
Passport of indoor plants in kindergarten

I bring to your attention indoor plants passports... I hope it will come in handy at work.

Homeland - tropical regions of Asia and Africa.

There are over 2000 species plants.

The plant is not whimsical.

Ficus - light-loving plant

Water the ficus 1-2 times a week.

In summer plant sprayed daily.

Overload plant first annually in March.

Homeland - tropical regions of Asia and the island of Java.

There are about 150 species.

Very thermophilic plant.

Coleus - light-loving plant.

In the summer they water every other day,

Spray daily on hot days.

Plant transplanted annually in the spring.

There are about 600 species.

People call it touchy or Vanka wet.

To the plant bloomed in winter, the temperature is not less than 15 C.

Water is often watered in summer, watering is reduced in winter.

Spray carefully, avoiding the flowers.

Transplanted at any time of the year.

Dracaena in nature grows in tropical and subtropical regions.

There are 140 known species plants.

The flowering period occurs every 8-10 years.

Dracaena prefers diffused light.

Dracaena is best suited for moderate watering; in winter, watering is minimized.

Dracaena needs a suspended moisture content in the air.

Replant the young annually plants, adults transplant as needed.

Kalanchoe is found naturally in Africa, on the Arabian Peninsula and on the islands of the Indian Ocean, in the tropical regions of Australia.

Plant prefers warm air.

Kalanchoe loves well-lit rooms, but it is advisable to protect them from direct sunlight.

Watering - 1 time per week, but abundantly.

In autumn and winter, the amount of moisture is reduced.

Kalanchoe will develop better if it is transferred into a larger pot in early spring.

Kalanchoe needs frequent rejuvenation, i.e. growing new plants from cuttings.

In nature, there are about 280 species.

Flowers are collected in umbellate inflorescences.

Pelargonium is photophilous and needs direct sunlight.

Watering is moderate, very little in winter.

Transplant - annually in March, while cutting off the shoots so that 3-4 buds remain on each.

Homeland - South America, Asia, Africa.

More than 2000 species are known.

Begonias are best grow and develop in partial shade.

These plants watered only after the surface of the earthen coma has completely dried.

On hot days, the air around the begonias is sprayed, trying not to get on the leaves.

Transplanted plant only if necessary.

Distributed in the subtropics and tropics.

Cyperus good is growing at a temperature from 13 to 24 С

Cyperus good grow like light, and in partial shade.

Cyperus needs a lot of water.

Best is a pot with plant place in a tray with water.

Plant should be replanted annually.

Homeland - South America, Europe.

About 800 species are distributed.

Oxide is thermophilic and prefers a temperature of 25 C, but in winter it should not exceed 5 C.

Kislitsa - light-loving plant.

In warm weather, it requires abundant watering; in winter, the amount of water is reduced.

Oxalis requires frequent spraying.

Transplant plant preferably in spring.

Homeland - Columbia and the tropical jungle of America.

The air temperature should not fall below 16 C.

Grows in partial shade, and in the shade, but always warm.

Protect from direct sunlight.

During the period of active growth - watered abundantly, in hot summer - daily.

This plant needs a regular transplant.

Nephrolepis thermophilic plant.

Plant prefers bright diffused light, must be protected from direct sunlight.

Plant abundant watering is required.

It is important to spray daily.

Transplanted as they grow, once every 2 years.

Homeland - the subtropics of Europe and the tropics of Africa.

There are about 220 species.

Grows in the shade, and in the sun, but cover from direct sunlight.

Watering is moderate - 2-3 times a week.

In the summer, be sure to spray.

Repotting annually, mostly using a larger pot.

Homeland: tropical regions of Africa and Asia, 70 species are known.

Watering: moderate from spring to autumn - the soil should have time to dry out. In winter, watering is limited. When watering, especially in winter, do not allow water to enter the center of the outlet - this can cause rotting.

Okay grows in the sun and in the shade.

Transfer: as needed, only when the pot will become cramped for the plant.

Propagated by dividing rhizomes.

Abutilon, indoor maple Abutilon

Homeland: tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres

Moderate temperature light-loving watering plentiful from spring to autumn, moderate in winter. Spraying. Transplant annually in the spring. The pot should not be large, because flowering occurs only if the earthen lump is braided by roots. Reproduction: cuttings, seeds.

Azalea Simsa - Azalea simsii
mountainous and coastal areas with a temperate and cool climate. Moisture-loving plant. Abundant watering during the flowering period. The best way to water is to immerse the pot in a container of soft, cool water and keep it there until air bubbles stop appearing (water this way 2 times a month). Propagation by stem cuttings immediately after flowering

Aloe tree - Aloe arborescens
Homeland: South America
Photophilous. Moderate temperature, cool conditions in winter. Carries dry air. Watering is abundant during the period of active growth, limited during the rest period. Reproduction: lateral processes. Before planting, they are dried for 1-2 days.

Homeland: Asia, Europe, East and South Africa.
The cultivation of asparagus does not require any special, specific conditions.

Grows well in bright light, but can adapt to partial shade. However, in direct sunlight, asparaus turns yellow and can shed its leaves.

Asparagus needs mixed soils

Aspidistra high (Aspidistra elatior Blume). Homeland - subtropical forests of southern China and Japan.

Light: diffused, shadow (shade-tolerant plant). It tolerates room temperatures well. Watering is plentiful, in autumn-winter watering is moderate.

Air humidity: does not play a significant role. It is useful to periodically wash the plant. Reproduction: by division

Ahimenez Achimenes

Homeland: Central and South America

The temperature is moderate, the lighting is bright with shading from direct sunlight during the growth period, the earth should be. constantly wet. After flowering, watering is stopped, resumed in the spring. Reproduction: dividing the rhizome, seeds.

Ever-flowering begonia Begonia semperflorens

Homeland: tropics and subtropics of Asia, Africa and America

Moderate temperature, bright diffused light. Watering is abundant, moderate in winter.

Requires high humidity. Reproduction: stem cuttings root easily.

Coral begonia Begonia coralline luzerna
Homeland: tropics and subtropics of Asia, Africa and America

The temperature is moderate, in winter not lower than 15 degrees, bright diffused light. Watering is plentiful from spring to autumn, moderate in winter.

Requires high humidity. The pot is placed on wet peat, sprayed with air, but not the leaves! Reproduction: stem cuttings root easily.

Tiger begonia Begonia Tiger
Homeland: tropics and subtropics of Asia, Africa and America

The temperature is moderate, in winter not lower than 15 degrees, bright diffused light. Watering is plentiful from spring to autumn, moderate in winter.

Requires high humidity. The pot is placed on wet peat, sprayed with air, but not the leaves! Reproduction: leafy cuttings, dividing the bush

Eagle wing begonia - Begonia
Homeland: tropics and subtropics of Asia, Africa and America
Moderate temperature, bright diffused light. Watering is abundant, moderate in winter.
Requires high humidity. Reproduction: leafy cuttings root easily.

Beloperone drip Beloperone guttata

The temperature is moderate, cool in winter. Some direct sunlight. Watering is plentiful from spring to summer, limited in winter. Infrequent spraying is helpful. Transplant as needed in the spring. Stem cuttings root easily.

Japanese euonymus Euonymus japonica

Homeland of Southwest Asia

Bright diffused light. In winter, the temperature is about 8-10 degrees. Spraying in hot weather. Watering is moderate. Propagation by cuttings

Ivy budra - Glechoma variegate
Temperate regions of Eurasia and North America
Temperatures are moderate, requiring cool conditions in winter. Bright diffused light. Watering is abundant from spring to autumn, moderate in winter. Leaves should be sprayed from time to time in summer. Transplant as needed in the spring. Reproduction: cut stems root easily.

Chinese rose hibiscus -
Hibiscus rosasinensis
Homeland: China
The temperature is moderate, in winter not lower than 12 degrees. Bright light, diffused in summer. Watering is plentiful, in winter watering is reduced. It is useful to spray the leaves occasionally. Transplant annually in the spring. Reproduction: stem cuttings in late summer.

Hypeastrum hybrid Hippeastrum hybrida

Homeland: subtropics and tropics of South America

After planting the bulbs (in November-December, or February-March), the pots are placed in a warm room in a bright, sunny place. As they grow, watering is increased, weekly fed. They continue after flowering until August. After the leaves die off, watering is stopped altogether. Reproduction: bulbs

Coin hypocyrt - Hypocyrta nummularia
Homeland: tropical and subtropical regions of Brazil.
temperature 18-20 ° С in summer, 14-16 in winter. illumination is bright, diffused. In summer, watering is moderate, in winter it is reduced. Reproduction: cuttings.

Ginura - Gynura
Homeland - tropics of Asia and Africa
prefers bright lighting
active growth requires a fairly high temperature (20 ° C). The leaves are not sprayed, as brown spots may appear on them from the water. Watering is abundant. Reproduction: stem cuttings

Graptopetalum paraguayan- gptopeetalum paraguayense
Homeland: Mexico
temperature 18-20 ° C. responds well to changes in day and night temperatures.Bright lighting, natural or artificial. Protect from burns. Moderate watering during the growing season, in winter 1 time per month. Propagation by stem cuttings

Temperature: 20-22 ° C, dormant 10-14 ° C. Watering: abundant, soft settled water. Top dressing: from April to early August weekly. Dormant period: in winter. The pots with nodules are kept in a cool place and are rarely watered. Reproduction: seeds and leafy cuttings

Guzmania, guzmania

Family: Bromeliads

Recommended location: south windows, light-loving, moisture-loving

Dieffenbachia spotted Dieffenbachia maculate

Homeland tropical regions. Central and South America.

Light or slightly shaded area, moderate temperature. Afraid of dry air, daily spraying. Watering is moderate. The juice is poisonous! Propagation by cuttings of the apical part

Dracaena bordered - Dracaena marginata
tropical regions of Africa and Asia.
Requirements: diffused light, no direct sunlight, temperature 17-20 ° С, high air humidity.
Reproduction: apical cuttings

Drimiopsis spotted (Drimiopsis maculata).

Homeland: Tropical and South Africa.

The plant should be placed in well-lit areas. Temperature: 20-25 ° C, decrease to 14 ° C in winter.

Watering: regular, careful in winter.

Dormant period: in winter. The plant is kept in a bright, cool place, rarely watered.

Reproduction: by seeds and bulbs separation.

Jasmine multiflorous - Jasminum polyanthum

Homeland: tropics and subtropics of Asia, Africa, Australia.

Abundant watering during the growth period with water at room temperature, the soil should be constantly moist. Top dressing once every 10-15 days with full mineral fertilizers and once a month with organic fertilizers. Transplanting adult plants every 2-3 years. Photophilous. Spraying the leaves.

Propagation by cuttings in spring

Hanging Zebrina - Zebrina pendula
Homeland: the south of the USA, Mexico, Central America and the Antilles.

The temperature is 18-25 ° С in summer, not lower than 10-15 ° С in winter. Photophilous, tolerates direct sunlight. Watering is plentiful, moderate in winter. Spraying is useful. Propagation by stem cuttings.

Zephyranthes rosaceae Zephyranthes versicolor

Homeland of the subtropical regions of South America

Room temperature, abundant watering, rare in winter. Propagation by daughter bulbs.

Truncated zygocactus Zygocactus truncates

The temperature is 17-20 degrees, during the rest period is not higher than 15-17. bright diffused light. With the beginning of the formation of buds, watering is increased. Water should not be used. tough. Requires frequent spraying. Transplant annually after flowering ends. Reproduction: stem cuttings.

Golden mustache (fragrant callisia)Callisia fragrans
homeland: Central and South America.

Shade tolerant. Temperature 16-18 ° C. Air humidity is high. Watering is regular, abundant in summer. Transplant as needed. Reproduction: cuttings and daughter rosettes.

Triangular oxalis - Oxalis triangularis
Homeland: tropics and subtropics of America, South Africa, Southern Europe.

Requires: good lighting, with a lack of light, fades and grows. In the hot season, a pallet with wet pebbles.

Moisture-loving, can not be overdried. Top dressing once a month. Transplant annually in the spring. Reproduction: cuttings, nodules

Calla Ethiopian (zantedeschia) - Zantedeschia aethiopica
Homeland: South Africa

Heat-loving. Watering is regular. A rest period is required. After flowering, watering is stopped, resumed in July. Requires spraying. Reproduction by basal offspring in May.

Clerodendrum Thompson - Clerodendrum thomsoniae

Homeland: East Africa (mountains)
Temperature: Moderate, cool in winter, Lighting: Bright, diffused light with some direct sunlight. Watering: Abundant from summer to autumn.
Sprayed regularly.Reproduction: Stem cuttings in spring and summer. As well as seeds.

Clivia cinnabar - FROMlivia miniata

The temperature is moderate, in winter it is not higher than 7-12 degrees. Bright light, diffused in summer. Watering is sufficient from spring to autumn, moderate from late autumn until the peduncle reaches a height of 10-15 cm.Leaves are rubbed with a sponge from time to time. Transplant as needed after flowering. Reproduction: by division during transplantation.

Codiaum, croton - Codiaeum

Homeland Southeast Asia.

Needs good lighting. The temperature is 16-18 degrees. From time to time, the leaves need to be sprayed and wiped. Watering with warm water, abundant, but not excessive, less in winter. Propagation by cuttings, rooted in water, or coarse sand or seeds.

Coleus dwarf - Coleus pumilus
Homeland: Tropics of Africa and Asia
plentiful watering, moderate in winter. Bright location, no direct sunlight. Heat-loving. Requires high humidity. Transplant annually in the spring. Reproduction: cuttings, possibly seeds.

KolanchoeKalanchoe pinnata
Homeland: Madagascar.
Photophilous. Not afraid of direct sunlight. In winter, t 10-12 ° C, does not require high humidity. Watering is moderate during the growing season, very rare in winter. Top dressing: 2 times a month with fertilizers for cacti. Reproduction: leaf and stem cuttings.

Coleria Bogotka - Kohleria Bogotensis
Homeland: South and Central America

Shine: bright absent-minded. Watering: during the period of active growth, regular, cautious in winter. You cannot spray the plant. A pallet is used to increase the moisture content.
Reproduction: seeds, apical cuttings and division of rhizomes.

Gerrain's godson - Senecio herreianus
Homeland: South and Southwest Africa.
Watering is limited during the dormant period, increased during the period of active growth. Photophilous. High temperatures in summer, in winter they are kept in cool rooms. Reproduction: stem cuttings

Lemon - Citrus limon
Southeast Asia.
Requirements: watering is plentiful in summer, moderate in winter in winter prefers a cool room in a warm season, spraying is necessary
Reproduction: cuttings in early spring

Arrowroot white-veined - Maranta leuconeura var. kerchoeana

Homeland: Rainforests of Brazil

Bright light shaded from direct sunlight. Moderately thermophilic, does not like drafts. Spraying. Watering is abundant. Reproduction: by division during transplantation, by cuttings. Transplant a year later in the spring.

Arrowroot tricolor - Maranta tricolor

Homeland: Rainforests of Brazil

Bright light shaded from direct sunlight. Moderately thermophilic, does not like drafts. Spraying. Watering is abundant. Reproduction: by division during transplantation, by cuttings. Transplant a year later in the spring.

White-veined spurge (Euphorbia leuconeura Boiss.)
Homeland - the island of Madagascar.
This is a rather unpretentious plant. Any light-colored windowsill is suitable for growing milkweed, but it can grow well in more shaded places. In the summer, you need to protect the flower from direct exposure to sunlight. Temperature is 18 degrees. Does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil. The juice is poisonous!

Multi-rowed ear-shaped - Polystichum auriculatum
Homeland: Japan, Korea, China
the plant does not tolerate drafts and sudden temperature fluctuations. partial shade. abundant watering in summer and moderate in winter. requires spraying.
Reproduction: by dividing the bush and spores

Nephrolepis sublime

Nephrolepis exaltata
homeland: tropics of Southeast Asia, America, Australia
prefers bright, well-ventilated rooms, protected from direct sunlight. intensive growth at a temperature of 20-25 ° C. Frequent spraying is necessary. Reproduction: by dividing the bush. Regular watering with settled water

Pachystachis yellow - Pachystachys lutea

Homeland: Tropics of America

From spring to autumn, watering is abundant. A bright place. Heat-loving. High air humidity. Transplant annually. In late autumn, cut off, leaving shoots 15-20 cm. Propagation by cuttings when the substrate is heated

Peperomia whorled - Peperomia verticillata
homeland: tropics and subtropics of America and some areas of Southeast Asia
Does not need abundant watering, in winter as the earthen coma dries up. It takes a lot of light. The best temperature is 13-18 ° C. High air humidity. Reproduction: cuttings, dividing the bush.

Pelargonium zonal - Pelargonium zonale.
Homeland: South Africa... Photophilous. In winter, t 6-8 ° C, does not need high humidity. In summer, watering is plentiful, in winter they are sharply reduced. Plants are transplanted only when the pot becomes cramped. Propagation by cuttings.

Pellionia Davo - Pellionia daveauana
Homeland: tropical regions of East Asia.
leaving: the temperature is moderate, not lower than 12 ° C. The lighting is moderate., grows well in partial shade. Watering is plentiful in summer, moderate in winter. High air humidity. Reproduction: division during transplantation, stem cuttings.

Peperomia gray - Peperomia incana

Homeland: the tropics and subtropics of America and some areas of Southeast Asia

Photophilous, with shading from direct rays. Temperature 13-18 degrees. Frequent spraying. Does not need abundant watering, in the summer after 2-3 days. Transplant once every 2 years. Reproduction by apical cuttings, dividing the bush

PLEKTRANTUS south - PLECTRANTHUS australis (leaves are bare, shiny)
tropics of South Africa, Asia and Australia. The plant develops well at a temperature of 22-28 ° C. Bright arrangement. In summer it requires a lot of moisture, in winter it is rarely watered. Spraying is useful during the hot period. Propagation by stem cuttings.

Common ivy - Hedera heiix
subtropical regions of Europe. An evergreen vine climbing supports with aerial roots.

Watering is regular in summer, less often in winter. During the growth period, top dressing once a week. Transplant every 2-3 years. Reproduction: cuttings at any time of the year, you can layering.

Umbrella poultry
Ornithogalum saundersa
Homeland: subtropics and temperate zones of Europe, Asia, America, Africa.
Watering is moderate, sharply reduced after flowering. Not afraid of direct sunlight. Carries dry indoor air. Reproduction: daughter bulbs.

Poinsettia, the most beautiful spurge
Euphjrbia pulcherrima
Homeland: South and Central America.
very bright lighting, in September - October the plant needs to create a short daylight hours (10-12 hours) in the summer to shade from direct sunlight. The temperature is moderate. Watering in summer is frequent, but not plentiful. The dormant period is about 1.5 months, when watering is rare. In March, the plant is pruned, leaving 3-6 shoots. Reproduction: apical cuttings.

Reo motley - Rhoeo discolor

Homeland: Central America

Watering is plentiful in summer, moderate in winter. Not afraid of the sun. Room temperature, afraid of drafts. Air humidity is high. Transplant annually in the spring. Apical cuttings, seeds

Roicissus rhombic - Rhoicissus rhombifolia
Homeland: South Africa
bright diffused lighting or partial shade, temperature 8-12 ° С. In winter and 18-20 in summer, watering in winter is moderate, no more than 4 times a month, in summer plentiful., A constant flow of fresh air is needed, spraying is useful. Reproduction: stem cuttings.

Sansevieria Khan
Sansevieria hahnii
Homeland: the tropics of Africa and Asia.
light-requiring, but grows well in the depths of rooms. Room temperature. Carries dry air. Watering is moderate. Reproduction: cuttings in spring, dividing the rhizome.

Sansevieria large
Sansevieria grandis
Homeland: the tropics of Africa and Asia.
light-requiring, but grows well in the depths of rooms. Room temperature. Carries dry air. Watering is moderate. Reproduction: cuttings in spring, dividing the rhizome.

Saintpaulia - Violet Uzumbar Motherland: Veastern Africa, East Asia. Grows well on western and eastern windows. In summer, shade from direct sunlight. Optimum temperature 15-17°C. Air humidity is high. Does not tolerate spraying, even in hot weather. Watering is regular, does not tolerate waterlogging. Transplant once every 2 years, preferably in low pots. Reproduction: leafy cuttings.

Setcreasia purpurea - Setcreasia purpurea
Homeland: Mexico

The temperature is 18-25 ° С in summer, not lower than 10-15 ° С in winter. Photophilous, tolerates direct sunlight. Watering plentiful, moderate in winter. Spraying is useful. Propagation by stem cuttings.

Syngonium leg-leaved - Syngonium podophyllum

Homeland: Central and South America

Photophilous, but withstands partial shade. In winter, the temperature should not be higher than 16-18 ° C.Air humidity is high, frequent spraying. Watering with water at room temperature is plentiful. Top dressing every 2 weeks throughout the growing season. Reproduction: apical cuttings

Wallis Spathiphyllum - Spathiphyllum wallisii

Homeland: Central and South America, Philippines

Loves the sun, but not direct rays. Temperature 18-21 ° C. Needs frequent spraying. Moderate watering with settled water. Reproduction: by dividing the bush. Transfer: annually.

Streptocarpus hybrid - Streptocarpus hybrid
Homeland: tropics of Africa, America, about. Madagascar
Requirements: light, warmth, does not tolerate drafts. High humidity.
Reproduction: leafy cuttings, dividing the bush, seeds

Nice stromant - Stromanta amabilist
tropics of america
Grows well in partial shade. Direct rays cause leaf burns. Temperature 18-22 ° С Watering is abundant, the soil should be. wet.

Reproduction: By dividing the bush

Scindapsus golden - Scindapsus aureus.

Homeland: Tropical Asia Shade-tolerant plant. During the period of active growth 15-21 ° C, in winter it is lower. Spraying is necessary. Abundant watering with settled water at room temperature. Reproduction: stem cuttings

White-flowered Tradescantia - Tradescantia albiflora

Homeland: North and South America

Light-loving plant. The temperature in winter is not lower than 10 ° С. Spraying in summer. Regular watering, soil should be. always wet. Reduce watering in winter. Reproduction: stem cuttings.

The fat woman is ovoid - Crassula ovata

A lot of light is needed throughout the year. In winter, the temperature is 8-12° C. Doesn't require high humidity. During the growth period, watering is regular, in winter it is rare. Transplant every 2-3 years. Propagation by leafy or stem cuttings in March-April.

Ficus bengal, banyan

Ficus benghalensis.

Homeland: the tropics of Asia. Africa, America and Australia. Bright diffused light, the temperature in winter is not lower than 14-16 ° С. Air humidity is high. It is useful to spray. Watering in winter is limited. Reproduction: by seeds.

Ficus Benjamin - Ficus benqamina
Homeland: the tropics of Asia, Africa, America and Australia.
placement: bright, diffused light, the temperature in winter is not lower than 14-16 ° С, in summer it is good to take it out into the air. High air humidity (spraying). Watering is abundant, moderate in winter. Reproduction: cuttings, heated seeds.

Ficus rubbery, or elastic (lat.Ficus elastica) Homeland - tropical Asia (from northeastern India and south to Indonesia)
Temperature: moderate, bright ambient light with some direct sun, drought tolerant (do not overflow!)
stem cuttings.

Philodendron graceful - Philodendron elegans
tropics of South America
Requirements: need protection from direct
sun rays, does not tolerate drafts. In the summer - spraying.
Reproduction: apical or stem cuttings

Fuchsia hybrid - Fuchsia hybrida
Central and South America, New Zealand

Photophilous, but withstands slight shading. Air humidity is high. Watering in summer is plentiful, in October they are transferred to a cool place, and watering is noticeably reduced. During the growth period, fertilizing with fertilizers once a week. Transplant annually in March - April. Pruning in the spring. Reproduction: stem cuttings

Haworthia striped Haworthia fasciata
Homeland - South Africa.

Required: bright place, without direct sunlight. Watering is moderate from spring to autumn 1-2 times a week, less often in winter - every two weeks.
For reproduction, use lateral shoots - "kids", seeds and even leaves.

Hamedorea graceful - Camaedorea elegans
tropics of South America
Shade-tolerant, does not like direct sun, watering is plentiful in summer, in winter, frequent spraying is reduced, replanting every 2 years
Reproduction: Seeds immediately after purchase, offspring that form around the stem

Chlorophytum crested Chlorophytum comosum vittatum
Homeland: South Africa

The temperature is moderate, in winter not lower than 8 degrees. Bright diffused light. Watering is abundant from spring to autumn, moderate in winter. In summer, it is useful to spray the leaves.Transplant as needed in the spring. Reproduction: rooting of daughter outlets, division during transplantation.

Hoya, wax ivy - Hoya bella
Homeland: China, India. Australia.
bright placement, protected from direct sunlight. Optimum temperature: 16-18 ° C. Carries dry room air. Watering is regular, moderate in winter. Reproduction: in the spring by cuttings.

Chrysanthemum - Chrysanthemum
Homeland: China.

The plant is light-loving, but it should be shaded.

Winter temperature 15°FROM . for the summer to take out into the air. They do not like excessive air humidity. Watering is moderate. During the growing season, weekly complex mineral fertilizing. Reproduction: by dividing the bush, cuttings, seeds.

Sheflera tree- Shefflera arboricola

Watering is moderate, cut in winter. Photophilous. The temperature is moderate, in winter 14 = -18 ° С. Spraying with warm water is recommended. Transplant once every two years. Propagation by cuttings and seeds.

Cissus rhombic - Cissus rhombifolia
Homeland: South Africa
bright diffused lighting or partial shade, temperature 8-12 ° С. In winter and 18-20 in summer, watering in winter is moderate, no more than 4 times a month, in summer plentiful., A constant flow of fresh air is needed, spraying is useful. Reproduction: stem cuttings.

Eschinanthus Aeschinantus
Homeland: Tropical Asia

The temperature is moderate, light-requiring, but shade from direct sunlight. Watering with warm water is abundant from spring to autumn, moderate in winter. Requires frequent spraying of the leaves, especially in hot weather. Transplant every 2-3 years in the spring. Reproduction by stem cuttings in spring using phytohormones and bottom heating.

Ehmeya brilliant - Aechmea fulgens
Homeland: Central and South America.

A bright place protected from direct sunlight. The temperature in winter is not lower than 18-19 ° С. Abundant spraying in spring and summer. Watering is abundant, moderate in winter. Reproduction: by root offspring.

Loop tag

A good solution for marking seedlings and seedlings. The inscription can be applied with a permanent marker, pen or pencil.

Loop tag. Photo from the site

The main advantages of eye tags:

  • convenient form of release (rolls, in which there can be 25, and maybe 500-1000 pieces)
  • resistant to rain, snow, mud, heavy dew, sunlight and chemicals
  • flexibility and lightness of the material from which the tag is made
  • sufficient strength and tear resistance
  • mounting options (on the trunk, on the branch)
  • choice of sizes (20x254 mm, 25x165 mm, 20x165 mm, 30x151 mm). If you choose a large tag, all the information you need will fit on it.
  • choice of colors: blue, yellow, green (for clarity, color differentiation of plantings and for beauty, which is also important)
  • nice price.

Since tags are a common material, which is needed a lot, but which will go to the trash at the end of each season, then the price should be acceptable. Manufacturers offer gardeners to pay 100 rubles for 25 pieces per roll. Rolls of 500 or 1000 pieces will cost from 1100 to 1500 rubles per roll.

Despite the presence of a clasp, the loop tag does not hold too tightly on the stem and can fly off from the wind.

Loop tag. Photo from the site

Interesting: There is a separate type of eyelet tags for large size. Their size is 57x298.45 mm. They have an increased diameter of the lock and a wide field for applying inscriptions (you can also use large print). Excellent for marking young trees and irregular plants.

By and large, eyelet tags have worked well. Almost all gardeners who used them noted that over the summer the inscriptions did not wash off and did not fade in the sun, and the tags themselves did not get wet and did not suffer during spraying. But at first glance it seems that an ordinary piece of paper is hanging on the seedling!

One of my favorite things at the end of the summer cottage season is preparing different gardening little things for the next year. These include, in particular, labels for labeling plants by varieties and names. It seems to be nonsense, but at the right time they are never at hand.I used to buy them in gardening stores, but now I got the hang of making it myself from scrap materials. It turns out quickly and easily, and if something happens, it's not a pity to lose.

Plastic Bottle Plant Labels

Probably the oldest and easiest way to create labels for plants in the garden is cutting labels

Plastic bottle labels

from plastic bottles. You need to take an ordinary plastic bottle, cut off the top with a knife and cut out rectangular pieces of the size you need from the remaining part. They can be easily secured with wire to a wooden block at the beginning of the beds. Taking a large rectangular piece, you can just stick it into the ground, but this design will still be flimsy.

Disposable Tableware Plant Labels

In addition to plastic bottles, garden labels can be made from used disposable tableware. It is advisable to take for this one where the walls are thicker. These can be yogurt jars, disposable coffee cups, etc. Here, the principle is the same as in the previous case, cut out pieces of the desired size, fix it on a wooden stick and that's it.

To make the labels look more interesting, use some ready-made plant label as a template and cut the rest from it. You can, for example, cut labels not rectangular, but round, triangular or some other shape, or even show your imagination and cut out figures of unseen animals. The main thing is that all tags are of the same type or at least the same size.

Popsicle Stick Plant Labels

Popsicle Stick Labels

Believe it or not, wooden popsicle sticks work great as markers for flowers and seedlings. In open ground beds, they, perhaps, will not fit, but in flowerpots, boxes, hotbeds and greenhouses, that's it. You can buy popsicle sticks in bulk from a hardware store, online, or simply pick them up for summer season if you love ice cream.

If you want to make larger wooden plant tags, buy disposable wooden medical tongue spatulas. Such doctors should watch the throat, if, while collecting sticks for marking plants, someone clearly overeats ice cream. They can be found in a pharmacy or online honey stores. equipment.

Armor-piercing labels for plants from old blinds

An interesting option for your garden is to create labels from old window blinds. Take a pair of scissors for metal and cut pieces out of them in the same way as from plastic bottles. Then sand the sharp edges and corners a little with emery to keep the labels safe to handle. The result is sturdy plant tags that won't really wear out.

Large wood board plant labels

If you don't want to stare at small plant tags or have poor eyesight, do

large labels made of wood board or plywood. Place them at the boundaries of varietal crops. This is often done in nurseries and large horticultures. Write the names of the varieties with indelible paint and you will always be aware of what you have and where it is planted. In addition, such labels can be used for more than one year and it is quite difficult to lose them.

Primulaceae (Primroses)

Cyclamen: home care, photos, types, description. Caring for a cyclamen at home is not so difficult.

Description. Cyclamen is one of the few plants that bloom in autumn and winter. Cyclamen leaves up to 15 cm long, heart-shaped, dark green, with a thin silver or white pattern, on fleshy petioles. Cyclamen blooms at home from November to March. Flowers on long stalks, with elegantly curved petals, pink, red, white or bicolor. Until recently, only specialists could grow beautiful cyclamens, but the situation changed as soon as F1 hybrids appeared, which can be purchased in stores as a pot plant or as seeds. For example, hybrids of Persian cyclamen are exceptionally decorative, abundantly flowering plants.With the advent of hybridization, cyclamens have ceased to be seasonal plants, some of them now bloom all year round. Many types of cyclamens are used as garden plants.
By the nature of the life cycle, cyclamens are ephemeroids. This means that they appear on the surface of the earth for a short time, for 3-4 months, and the rest of the time they spend alone in the form of a tuber sleeping underground, while other representatives of the flora grow and bloom. If we consider the genus of cyclamen as a whole, then the period of activity of cyclamens falls on the cold part of the year - from autumn to spring. In areas with snowless winters, many of them bloom in January-February, and where snow falls, cyclamens break into spring-flowering (March-April) and autumn-flowering (August-October).

Buying a cyclamen.
If you buy a cyclamen tuber, pay attention to how much it weighs. The tuber should be heavy and not wrinkled. See if the tuber has buds. They are located at the top and look a little like begonia sprouts. The flowering time of potted cyclamens at home depends on the care (watering regime, lighting, temperature), but, in general, falls on the cold season - from autumn to spring. Although the European cyclamen can bloom in summer.
All cyclamens are poisonous, but the poison acts differently on animals. For example, pigs happily eat tubers without any harm to themselves, and for this cyclamen plant it received another rough popular name "pork bread". Caucasian types of cyclamen are used for the manufacture of homeopathic medicines and in folk medicine. Cyclamen root juice is also used to treat sinusitis.
Cyclamen is useful for people who are malleable to other people's influences, weak in character, with frequent fluctuations in emotions. It helps to overcome shyness, cheers up, helps to adapt to a new environment. And how does he act on capricious children ?! As a drug-free sedative!
Cyclamen stimulates activity and creative imagination. In children, this is manifested in the fact that they begin to build houses for themselves, the chair turns into a car, and the grandfather's hat turns into a helmet from a space suit. Adults have different games - someone comes up with a clever move to complete difficult negotiations, someone - how to improve and decorate the house.
Homeland of cyclamens.
Primrose species are perennial herbaceous plants that are common in the Mediterranean from Spain in the west to Iran in the east, as well as in Northeast Africa, including Somalia.
Dimensions of the cyclamen.
8 to 13 cm in height and width - miniature species. There are large cyclamens that grow at home up to 30 cm in height and width, some forms grow up to 23 cm, and both can have up to 30 flowers at the same time.
Location of cyclamens at home.
Direct sunlight only in winter, during the rest of the year, keep the cyclamen just in a bright place.
Cyclamen growth temperature.
Cyclamen at home feels good in moderately heated rooms, in such conditions its luxurious flowers will delight you for weeks. Cyclamen requires a cool room with a temperature of 12-15 0 C. A suitable place can be a bedroom or living room, a well-lit terrace is ideal. In a dry, warm room, where there are drafts, cyclamen can die.
Substrate for cyclamen.
At home, the substrate for cyclamen is prepared from deciduous humus, sandy soil (for example, a substrate for cacti) and peat in equal parts.
Air humidity. At temperatures below 15 0 C, the available air humidity is sufficient for the cyclamen. Do not spray.
Watering cyclamen.
Watering a home cyclamen must be very careful, the water should only be in the pan, which is pre-filled with a layer of pebbles. Moistening is done using a tight cord, which is inserted from below through a drainage hole into the ground with the plant, while its other end is in a pan with water and pebbles. It is important that the cyclamen is not in the water. You should never water the cyclamen from above, falling directly on the tuber, the lower part of the stem in this case can be rotted away.From October to April, the cyclamen needs to be fed regularly, the plant should not be fertilized during the dormant period, but the plant must be watered from time to time.
Cyclamen transplant.
In the middle of summer, after the start of growth, transplant the tuber of a rested cyclamen, deepening it halfway into the soil. Each time you transplant cyclamen, use a pot of the same size so it will bloom better if the pot is a little cramped.
Reproduction of cyclamen.
Cyclamen is propagated at home by seeds and daughter nodules. If in September the cyclamen has formed a daughter tuber, you can plant it by burying it in the ground by two-thirds. After planting, they rarely watered for the first time. In late autumn, when the leaves are fully open and flowers appear, you can start feeding the cyclamen with phosphorus fertilizers.
The earlier the cyclamen seeds are sown, the more powerful the plants will be by the first flowering season. Most varieties need to grow about 18 months before flowering for miniature cyclamens, this period is half that. For seeds to germinate, a temperature of about 21 ° C is required - the highest temperature ever required by a cyclamen. More about the propagation of cyclamen by seeds:
Special requirements for cyclamen.
When caring for cyclamen at home, be careful about its appearance: remove wilted leaves and flowers that have finished blooming. But neither leaves nor flowers can be cut off. Making short rotational movements, they are gently pulled out.
After the leaves die off, dry the plant a little and put it in a cool place before new growth begins, since the cyclamen needs a period of complete rest after flowering to restore the strength of the tuber.
Cyclamen pests.
Cyclamens can be damaged by spider mites, aphids. Inspect the plant regularly for these pests. If the leaves of a cyclamen have stopped growing and become stiff, this may be a sign of infestation by cyclamen mites, which look like dust on the underside of the leaves. There are no effective control measures against this pest, so the plant will have to be destroyed.
Diseases of cyclamen.

Types of cyclamens.
Many varieties of cyclamen have a color of flowers from white to pink, salmon, red or purple; there are also two-color flowers. Some cyclamens have petals with a corrugated edge; some varieties of flowers exude an amazing aroma. Also, miniature varieties with small leaves and small flowers with a wide color palette are bred. Many varieties, both large and miniature cyclamens, have a marbled color in silvery or greenish tones or a silvery border. The flowers of wild cyclamen have the scent of lily of the valley, a feature lost in large-flowered varieties. Trying to breed fragrant cyclamens, breeders crossed large-flowered varieties with various wild species, but received, albeit fragrant, but relatively small-flowered forms known as "dwarf fragrant". The size of a tuber in flowering cyclamens is usually 3-4 cm in diameter, but in older specimens it can reach 15 cm. Because of the tuber, they were called “cyclamens”: “cyclos” means “circle” in Greek.

If the upper part of the tuber lies on the surface, then the buds are located directly on it. In plants that live on forest slopes with loose, crumbling soil, the cyclamen tuber is often covered to a depth of 10-15 cm, and then the buds are brought to the surface with stems of the appropriate length. The height of flowering wild cyclamens, as a rule, does not exceed 10 cm. Leaves can appear before flowers, or, as in some species, at the same time. The smells of wild cyclamens are varied: they resemble either mustard, or heather honey, or violets.Seeds in cyclamen are set both by self-pollination and cross-pollination, but in the latter case, it is more successful. They ripen in an oval box, and as they develop, the peduncle gracefully twists in a spiral and lays the box on the ground. A fan of such serpentines is very decorated with a faded plant. After sowing seeds, cyclamen gradually loses leaves and falls into dormancy.

Cyclamen africanum grows in bushes and rocky ravines in the north of Algeria and Tunisia. The African cyclamen is very closely related to the ivy cyclamen (hederifolium C). There are diploid (the number of chromosomes 2n = 34) and tetraploid (2n = 68) forms of African cyclamen, which supposedly differ from each other in that diploid plants have smaller leaves with petioles of various shapes, and the flowers are said to be fragrant. Tetraploid plants are sometimes referred to as C. commutatum by Schwarz and Lepper, but this distinction is controversial and rarely used because it is based on chromosomal quantity rather than any visual characteristic.

Cyclamen africanum is a plant with large, rough, bright green, leathery leaves up to 15 cm in length and width. The leaves of the African cyclamen usually grow directly from the tubers, and this is one of the fundamental differences between this species and the ivy-leaved cyclamen (C. Hederifolium), the leaves are often very large, exceeding 10 cm in diameter, but flowers appear first, and young leaves between September and November, and emerge almost directly from tubers on 11-22 cm (4-8 cm) pedicels. Cyclamen africanum has flowers ranging from pale pink to deep pink.

Cyclamen africanum is afraid of cold weather and requires protection from frost. Shade from the hot sun so that the leaves do not suffer. Compared to other species, African cyclamen is a fast-growing plant that should be transplanted into new dishes in a timely manner. After the leaves die off, the plant needs a dormant period and is removed to a dry and cool place.

Cyclamen balearicum grows in the mountains of Spain, on the Mediterranean islands of Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Cabrera (Balearic Islands), where it usually grows in the shade of scrub forests at an altitude of 1440 m above sea level.

There are also five separate isolated populations in southern France from the Pyrenees to the Rhone Valley. Cyclamen balearicum (Cyclamen balearicum) is a small species with gray-green leaves, often with a silver sheen. The underside of the leaves is crimson. The flowers are white, twisted, often with pale pink veins, similar to C. Intaminatum, very fragrant, appear in March or April.

In cultivation, cyclamen balearicum (Cyclamen balearicum) should not be exposed to direct sunlight and needs protection from frost. Prefers deciduous humus.

Cyclamen of Cilician (Cyclamen cilicium) grows in the coniferous forests of Cilicia, Taurus, southern Anatolia in Turkey. In particular, it grows among rocks in the shade or partial shade at altitudes from 700 to 2000 m above sea level. Cyclamen cilicium has dark green oval leaves usually 1.5 - 5 cm with silvery spots. The flowers are usually pink with a purple spot at the base of the corolla.

There is also a variety of the Cilician cyclamen (Cyclamen cilicium) with pure white flowers. Flowers appear between September and November, small petals between 1.5 and 2 cm with a distinct honey aroma.

Cyclamen cilicium diff. intaminatum is currently considered a special species of C. intaminatum

Unlike C. hederifolium, C. coum or C. cilicium tolerates very low temperatures and grows well in shady gardens. Pine needles can be added to the substrate.

Cyclamen Colchis (Cyclamen colchicum) grows in isolation in the southwestern Caucasus, away from the eastern coast of the Black Sea.

Blooms from July to October, September and October in the wild. It grows in the forest on dolomite limestone, among the roots of trees and in crevices. It can be found at an altitude of 300-800 meters above sea level.

The flowers of the Colchis cyclamen (Cyclamen colchicum) appear with leaves, pink, slightly darker around the base. Flower petals are elliptical, slightly curved, 8 - 16 mm.

In culture, the Colchian cyclamen (Cyclamen colchicum) prefers shady, humid conditions. Seed ripening in this species takes a whole year. It grows very slowly.

Cyclamen cretic (Cyclamen creticum) is endemic to the Greek islands of Crete and Karpathos, where it grows in shady places protected from the sun. This small plant has white flowers, like the Balearic cyclamen, but larger, more graceful and with a slight aroma. They appear in March and April, May.

Gray-Wilson * (1997) identified two forms of specific cyclamen:

Creticum shape: pure white flowers.

Pallide-roseum form: flowers are pale pink or white with pink.

Leaves are gray-green with silvery blotches.

Cyclamen creticum prefers humid conditions, it should be shaded from bright sunlight.

Cyclamen cyprium —- this species is endemic to Cyprus and one of three cyclamen species found on the island (along with Cyclamen persicum and Cycamen graecum).

Cypriot cyclamen (Cyclamen cyprium) is found in the Troodos and Kyrenia mountains, as well as in the Paphos region at an altitude of 50-1200 meters above sea level. Usually found under trees on rocky soils. Plants are perennial. The height of the Cypriot cyclamen is 7-15 cm. The flowers of the Cyclamen cyprium are fragrant, white or pale pink, at the base of the petals there is a purple or purple spot. The leaves are simple, heart-shaped. The color of the leaves ranges from dark green to olive. Flowering begins in mid or late September and lasts until January, less often until March. As a species inhabiting coniferous forests, it would be grateful for the inclusion of pine needles in the substrate.

Cyclamen graecum a very variable species that is found in the southern part of the mainland of Greece, the Peloponnese, on the islands of the eastern part of the Aegean Sea, Crete, Rhodes, on the southern coast of Turkey, and partly in the north of Cyprus. It can be found both a few meters from the water mark and up to 1200 meters.

The leaves of cyclamen grekum are dark green, although shades from black-green to lime green with contrasting spots or stripes of cream, green, gray or silver are also found. The shape of the leaves is very diverse.

Cyclamen graecum flowers appear either before the leaves or with leaves and range from pale pink to deep carmine, with a purple spot at the base. There is also a rare white species that was first discovered in 1980 in the Peloponnese.

Cyclamen grekum has fleshy roots, prefers deep pots and pine needles in the substrate.

Cyclamen intaminatum (Cyclamen intaminatum) (Synonym: Cyclamen cilicium var.intaminatum) - it is a miniature plant that was discovered in western Turkey, near Eskisehir and Akseki. It grows in mountain deciduous forests, among stones and tree roots, between 100 and 1100 meters above sea level.

Cyclamen intaminatum flowers appear from September to November, petals are 7-16mm in length. They are usually white with characteristic gray veins, but there are also pale pink. The leaves are almost round and, as usual, green or gray in the center.

Cyclamen intaminatum, due to its tiny growth, is usually grown in pots or on alpine slides, however, it can also grow indoors.

Cyclamen libanoticum (Cyclamen libanoticum) grows in the Lebanese mountains in a number of places about 64 km northeast of Beirut, where it was first discovered in 1895. After this initial discovery, it did not occur in the wild until 1961, and it was believed to be extinct. It grows in the shade of bushes and trees, among stones and tree roots at an altitude of 750-1400m.

Cyclamen libanoticum has large white pale flowers that, as they bloom, acquire a pale pink color at the tips of the petals, appear between February and April. There is a small purple-crimson spot at the base of each petal. The petals are generally oval, 16-25 mm long and 9-13 mm wide. Leaves are heart-shaped, grayish-green with a gray marble pattern. They range in size from 4 to 8 cm.

Cyclamen libanoticum is relatively hardy and retains its decorative qualities even at temperatures as low as -12 º C in a well-drained area. A favorable place for him among the roots of trees, as he does not like direct sunlight. Despite its endurance, cyclamen libanoticum, originally grown in a pot, and then taken out into the street, can suffer from frost. Pine needles are added to the substrate.

Cyclamen Mirabil (Cyclamen mirabile) grows in Southwest Anatolia, Turkey, where it grows in forests and on mountain slopes, on limestone and granite rocks, at an altitude of 400-1600 meters.

The flowers of Cyclamen mirabile appear from September to November, pale pink with a deep, very characteristic purple spot at the base of each petal. The petals are 15-23 mm long and 4.5-7 mm wide, often with a jagged edge.

In the wild, Cyclamen mirabile grows in the region of Anatolia, which is characterized by extremely cold winters. Their hardiness is undeniable, and they survive in temperatures as low as -16 º C. Young leaves can suffer from severe early frosts, but mature leaves will only slightly wither and recover when the temperature rises. They will withstand low temperatures better if they grow in relatively dry conditions, such as around the base of trees and shrubs. Cyclamen mirabil is very responsive to the introduction of needles into the substrate.

Small-flowered cyclamen (Cyclamen parviflorum) grows in the coniferous forests of the Dogu Karadeniz Mountain of North-Eastern Turkey. It often grows under the Caucasian Rhododendron, in the litter of leaves and in deep shade, at an altitude of 1200-2400 meters.

Small-flowered cyclamen (Cyclamen parviflorum) is the least attractive of all species and also the most difficult to breed. Its leaves are relatively small, only 15-41 mm long and 15-45 mm wide. They are round, matte, dark green and unmarked. Flowers appear with mature leaves, on short pedicels, from pale pink to pale purple or pink, with a deep purple spot at the base of each petal. Petals reach 14 mm in length, but usually 4-8 mm in length and 4-7.5 mm in width.

Small-flowered cyclamen (Cyclamen parviflorum) from northern Turkey, where it grows not only in typical cyclamen habitats, but in dark spruce forests with a moss cover, may turn out to be promising in Central Russia. In principle, it is similar to Kos, but very small, with dark green leaves without a pattern.

Gray-Wilson (1997) distinguishes two varieties based on plant height.

Small-flowered cyclamen diff. Small-flowered (Cyclamen parviflorum diff. Parviflorum): Very small flowers with petal lobes only 4-8 mm. At high altitudes (up to 2400m), plants, usually very small, with rounded leaves, rarely exceed 2.5cm in diameter, or even less.

Small-flowered cyclamen diff. subalpine - (Cyclamen parviflorum var. Subalpinum) has larger flowers and more twisted lobes 8-11 mm in length and leaves up to 6.8 cm.

Small-flowered cyclamens (Cyclamen parviflorum) are very hardy. In its habitat, it is not exposed to constant humidity or high temperature, but grows in a relatively dry atmosphere with high illumination, and the tubers are only found underground.

In cold weather in winter, the small-flowered cyclamen (Cyclamen parviflorum) is covered with snow. In the forest habitat, it grows in moist deciduous humus, clay or loam at a depth of 5-20 cm. Here the atmosphere is almost constantly damp and in the shade of a dense forest the illumination is very low. It is almost impossible to imitate one of these conditions in culture.

Cyclamen pseudobericum (Cyclamen pseudibericum) - grows in a small region of Aladaglar in southern Turkey, in the forest, among deciduous trees and shrubs, among rocks, the roots of the plant in a deep litter of leaves.

Cyclamen pseudibericum is one of the most attractive species of the genus cyclamen. Large flowers appear from March to May, purple, sometimes purple-purple, with a chocolate spot at the base of each petal. The petals are 18-25mm long and 8-11mm wide.

Leaves are broadly cordate, 2 - 8cm long. They are always very shiny, dark green with gray-green or whitish marbling. C. pseudibericum was first described in 1901 but was not cultivated until it was rediscovered and harvested in 1957 by Oleg Polunin and Peter Davis.

Cyclamen blushing (Cyclamen purpurascens) (C. purpurascens = C. europaeum) is widespread in Europe and farther north than any other species. Found throughout Eastern France, Switzerland, Northern Italy, Southern Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia, Macedonia, Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Bulgaria.

For many years, cyclamen has been known as cyclamen european - Cyclameneuropaeum... However, the epithet europaeum has been applied to species such as C. repandum and C. hederifolium.

Finally, this epithet was rejected in 1972 at the conference of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.

Cyclamen blushing (Cyclamen purpurascens) grows in deciduous or partially evergreen forests. In addition, it grows in shaded and semi-shaded places among rocks and tree roots, at altitudes between 250-1300 m, and blooms between June and September. True, it blooms not strictly in the fall, but starting in June or July, according to various sources. It differs in that its tuber is covered with roots over the entire surface, the bud-shaped leaf has small notches along the edge, the bend of the petal gradually expands upward and is longer than that of the Kos one: up to 3.5 cm. Otherwise, the same variations in the color of the petals - from white to pink - and a pattern of leaves: from vague spots to a clear silvery pattern. Leaves range from kidney-shaped to heart-shaped, sometimes with a silvery or white pattern. Flowers range in color from pale (often muddy) pink to carmine. The flowers are very fragrant, especially in warm conditions. The seeds ripen for a very long time and then it takes a whole year after sowing for their germination.

It is a forest plant that will appreciate deciduous humus. It requires protection from sunlight and an abundant supply of moisture throughout the year, since it does not fall into a dormant period. Red Cyclamen (Cyclamen purpurascens) is hardy and tolerates frost well down to -20º C, but do not abuse it, as it is still a tuberous plant and it can suffer from rot, which is promoted by frost in combination with high moisture in the soil.

By the nature of the distribution of cyclamen reddening cyclamen (Cyclamen purpurascens), it stands out from the general row of cyclamens, inhabiting alpine meadows with limestone outcrops and mountain forests of Europe: from southeastern France to Poland, going north into the mountains of southern Germany. Grown in gardens, for example in Ukraine, and even naturalized there.

Cyclamen notched (Cyclamen repandum) and its subspecies are widespread in southern France, Corsica, Sardinia, Italy, the former Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece on the island of Corfu, the Peloponnese and the island of Rhodes.

It grows in deciduous forests, in a shaded area, usually in the deep litter of leaves, in crevices or among the roots of trees, from sea level up to 850m.

Subspecies rhodense was considered endemic to the Greek island of Rhodes, where it is widespread, however, in 1996 it was established that it grows in the southwest of Kos. It grows on mountain slopes, in the shade of forests, among rocks and tree roots, and on river banks, where it can be found growing in shallow waters. Sometimes the plant grows in the humus of pine needles at a depth of 50 cm at altitudes from 150-800 m above sea level.

Subspecies peloponnesiacum is endemic in the Greek Peloponnese, where it occurs in two forms. It is especially appreciated for its attractive leaf color, where silvery-white streaks cover the entire upper surface of the leaves.

Subspecies vividum confined to the eastern part of the Peloponnese.

In culture, these four different taxa react in different ways. C. repandum subspecies. repandum often difficult to grow in pots prefers an open garden where it is quite hardy

SSP. peloponnesiacum this is the simplest view in culture, especially in var. peloponnesiacum... He also prefers shady, wet conditions, but less than a particular subspecies. rhodense... Feels good in pots and open ground, but the degree of winter hardiness is not the same for this species: higher forms are more tolerant to frosty conditions. Vividumprefers sunnier conditions and high humidity.

SSP. rhodense Often considered the most difficult form, it requires a shady, humid environment and will not tolerate strong sunlight that easily burns the leaves.

Cyclamen rolfsianum (Cyclamen rohlfsianum) restricted in the wild, native to a relatively small area between Benghazi and Derna in Cyrenaica, Libya and North Africa. It grows from sea level up to 450 m, in rocky places among bushes, in ravines and cracks in limestone rocks.

The leaves of the cyclamen rollsianum (Cyclamen rohlfsianum) appear at the end of summer, and are generally oval in shape with a wide triangular toothed lobe with prominent ribs. The upper surface is shiny and bright green, either plain or with silvery gray marbling. The underside of the leaves is either purple or red. Size: 3.5-11.5 cm in length and 4.5-15.5 cm in width.

The sweetly scented flowers have a pink purple belt at the base of each petal. The petals are lanceolate or elliptical and 11-26 mm long, 6-10 mm wide.

Cyclamen rohlfsianum is the most delicate of all types. After the leaves die off, at the end of spring, the tuber is harvested and not watered to ensure maximum rest for the plant. In August, the pots should be thoroughly soaked by immersion in water - this contributes to a good awakening and subsequent active growth of the cyclamen rolfsianum.

Cyclamen somalens (Cyclamen somalense) similar to the Persian cyclamen and is of significant horticultural interest, as there are good chances to get hybrids.

But it still has four distinguishing features: (1) the tubers are globular and only about 3cm in diameter, while C. persicum usually has significantly more (2) leaves are wider than long ones, with a rather coarse jagged edge, while C. persicum has leaves generally longer than broad, with or almost closely serrated margins (3) pedicels at leaf level, and in C. persicum the flowers are high above the foliage (4) The flowers are small, whereas in C. persicum they are larger. The leaves are rather fleshy, dull green with a silvery sheen just above the center, purple below. Flowers appear with leaves. Flowers, more or less pale pink, carmine around the throat.

Cyclamen trochopterantum (Cyclamen trochopteranthum) grows in the region of southwestern Anatolia, Turkey, to the west and far from Antalya, where it grows among the roots of trees or rocks, at altitudes of 350-1500 m.

Like the cyclamen mirabil, the cyclamen trochopterantum has a vague history, they were identified at the end of the 19th century and were called alpine cyclamen - Cyclamen alpinum. In the early years of the twentieth century, several plants in culture were lost, and they were not until 1956, when they were not collected by Davis and Polunin. The epithet "alpinum" was applied to various species, including cilicium (intaminatum) and coum, and this confusion was resolved by the introduction of trochopteranthum. In 1997, a research expedition was sent to study this species in the wild, in order to resolve this issue. The second and third expeditions continued in 1998 and 1999.

A distinctive feature of the cyclamen trochopterantum in the presence of the so-called "propeller" - the flower petals are located at an angle of 90 ° (instead of the usual 180 º), and then slightly twist. The color of the petals ranges from pale pink to deep carmine pink with a dark purple-violet spot at the base of each petal. The flowers have a honey scent. Leaves are oval, dark green with gray-green or cream marbling.

Most often grown under glass in pots rather than outside in well-drained soil.

Advice. Regularly clean the base of the cyclamen flower at home from wilted leaves that rot very quickly.

*Christopher Gray-Wilson was born in Devon in 1944 and has been the editor of the Alpine Garden Society for the past 20 years. Prior to that, he served as Chief Scientist at the Royal Botanic Gardens for 22 years and with which he made plant collecting expeditions to Iran and Afghanistan, Nepal, Western China, Sri Lanka, Kenya and Tanzania. In addition, he was editor of the journal Botanical Curtis as well as the journal of the Royal Plantsman Horticultural Society. In addition to his editorial work, he lectures and maintains 4 acres of varied gardens at his Norfolk home.

His published works: "Mountain Flowers of England and Europe", "Genus Clematis", "Wildflowers of the Mediterranean", "Poppies", "Genus Cyclamen", "Wildflowers of Great Britain and Northern Europe" and many others.In 2008, he was awarded the Royal Horticultural Society of Merit for Horticulture.

Article author: Svetlana Ismagilova

Episode care at home


Episode prefers bright light, but the rays must be diffused. For a bush, east or west windows are best suited. In the summer, the episode will be able to grow even on the northern windowsill, but on the southern flower, shading from the scorching sun will be required. In this case, the windows are curtained with a translucent cloth or covered with paper, or the flower is rearranged further from the windowsill. In winter, the plant is kept in a bright place. During this period, the northern windows for the flower will not work: its stems will begin to stretch too much. In this case, the plant will have to be highlighted. On the contrary, in the bright sun, the leaves of the plant may become smaller or turn yellow.

The foliage of the episode reacts to light and can form a kind of mosaic, trying to catch a sufficient number of rays. Because of this, ampelous plant species should not be moved or rotated once again.


The lower threshold for growing an episode is considered to be 18 degrees, but the optimal temperature for its growth and development is considered to be about 20-24 degrees. The room with the plant can be ventilated, but in autumn and winter, the flower must be protected from cold drafts, and also kept away from heating appliances.


When watering, drops of water should not fall on the foliage of the plant, so it is easiest to water the bushes in the lower way - through the pallet. To do this, use settled and sufficiently soft water. In addition, it must be at room temperature.

During the period of development from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn, the bushes are moistened abundantly, as soon as the soil in the pot begins to dry out. In winter, the episode should be watered more moderately, waiting a couple of days after the topsoil has dried. Overdrying the substrate is almost as harmful as overmoistening it.

Humidity level

Episia prefers high humidity and grows best in greenhouse conditions. To comply with this condition, the bush can be kept in the terrarium or you can use a tray filled with damp pebbles. The usual way of humidifying the air - spraying - will not work in this case. Moisture should not get on the pubescent foliage of the episode, this can lead to the development of putrefactive processes.

You can also place the pot with the plant on a tray filled with water, but the bottom of the pot and the shoots of the bush should not come into contact with it. Another way to increase humidity is to cover the flower with a transparent bag after watering.

The soil

A slightly acidic or neutral soil is suitable for planting an episode. It can include sand, peat, and double leaf soil. Sphagnum or charcoal is additionally added to the resulting substrate. You can also use ready-made soil for violets. Before planting, a drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the pot.

Top dressing

During the period of growth of the episode, it must be systematically fed. For this, the plant is watered every two weeks with mineral compounds or organic mixtures. But when feeding, you need to use only half of the dose recommended by the manufacturers. An excess of nutrients will have a negative effect on the health of the plant.

Houseplants that don't bloom

There are plants that need natural conditions for flowering. They delight flower growers with luscious foliage, interesting shapes. Some varieties do not pick up buds due to improper watering, choosing a place in an apartment, and an unsuitable pot size.


Cissus is a vine from the grape family, which is known as "birch", "grapes". Culture does not bloom at home. Usually it is planted in pots, hanging pots. Cissus grows quickly, watering should be abundant.


Ficus brings goodness to the house. The plant belongs to the Mulberry family.The culture rarely blooms outside of nature; in its natural environment, it picks up inflorescences after pollination.

At home, ficus does not bloom

Difficulties in the cultivation of the Callisia culture

Callisia is almost not prone to disease. If any ailment appears, you should know that you personally had a hand in this, because this is always connected with a violation of the care of the plant and equipping it with the proper conditions of detention. As for insect pests, then no one is to blame. Callisia is capable of falling prey to spider mites and thrips.

There are other difficulties as well:

  • Decay of the plant, browning of vegetative organs, leaf fall. The reason is the flooding of the soil under the flower, excessive wetting of the soil.
  • Drying of the ends of the leaves. The reason is a lack of moisture in the soil, a low level of air humidity.

In conclusion, let's return to the famous type of callisia - fragrant callis or golden mustache. This plant, as everyone knows, has healing qualities. It enriches the room air with antibacterial compounds - phytoncides. Exotic juice excellently heals a variety of skin lesions: from scratches to significant wounds. If you install a golden mustache at the head of a sleeping person, this measure, thanks to popular beliefs, will free the dreamer from nightmares. Let your callisia serve you faithfully!

Creator: ponomarenko hope
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callisia care at home

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