Full description of the variety of zucchini roller and its cultivation
Zucchini belongs to one of the most grateful garden vegetables. It is distinguished by its unpretentiousness in cultivation, gives excellent harvests, delighting with its presence in exquisite dishes. Many tend to grow different varieties that ripen in turn. This lean approach allows you to eat healthy vegetables all season long. The video is included in the group of early ripening zucchini.
Description and characteristics of the variety of courgettes roller
The vegetable is intended for fresh consumption, can be excellently preserved for the winter season. The fruits are white, they are distinguished by beautiful oval shapes, covered with a not too dense crust. On average, one vegetable weighs from 1,000 to 1,300 g. The pulp is light green, loose, juicy. The vegetable is perfectly grown not only in greenhouse conditions, but also in unprotected soil. The period from germination to technical ripening is no more than forty days. If you observe the peculiarities of cultivation and organize proper care, then from each square meter of the plot there is an opportunity to collect up to ten kilograms of the crop.
The roller has excellent germination, is distinguished by the amicable growth of seedlings.
Advantages and disadvantages
Here is a description of the advantages of a zucchini roller, thanks to which it gained popularity among gardeners:
- resistance to temperature extremes, which allows early landing;
- excellent presentation and transportability;
- growing in various soils;
- excellent taste.
Small fruits can be used in vegetable salads, replacing them with cucumbers that have not yet had time to grow. The variety does not require special care; it can do without regular watering for some time.
Preparing seeds for planting
To get a good harvest, good quality seeds should be planted. A photograph of one or another variety must be applied to the bag.
Seeds are allowed to be sown directly on the beds under plastic wrap or in open ground. Direct sowing should be done after the ground is warm enough and its temperature is fourteen to sixteen degrees.
In the regions of central Russia, such conditions occur in the last days of May.
For planting this vegetable, the beds must be chosen on light soils. For sowing zucchini, the soil must be filled with organic matter. The place for zucchini requires good sunlight and protection from the effects of winds.
The predecessors can be potatoes, cabbage, onions, or legumes. It is forbidden to plant zucchini in areas where cucumbers, pumpkins and squash grew.
Zucchini are returned to their old places no earlier than after three to four years.
Seed planting technology
If the seedling method is chosen, then you should start doing it already in April, so that by the time of planting in open ground, the seedlings have time to get stronger. A nutritious soil composition is being prepared, laid out in planting containers. Twenty-five days later, the seedlings are transplanted into the beds according to the scheme "seventy to seventy" centimeters.
If planting is carried out with seeds in the ground, then two seeds should be placed in the prepared holes. The sprouts that have appeared are examined, the weaker one is removed.
It is not recommended to plant zucchini seeds early. They will lie in cool soil for a long time, germination will not be as amicable as we would like.
Post-planting care mainly consists of correct irrigation and nutrition of the crop. It is necessary to water the plants in a timely and regular manner, especially during the period of flowering and fruit formation.
Otherwise, there are no difficulties. Zucchini must be weeded from weeds, loosen the soil between the rows, periodically apply fertilizers.
Diseases and their prevention
During the cultivation of the culture, in addition to the introduction of nutrient compositions, it is required to take measures to destroy the melon aphid - the main enemy of the squash. Other harmful parasites practically do not harm Rolik. Aphids most often affect the beds during bad weather. At the time of mass lesions on plants, leaflets are deformed, inflorescences and young ovaries fall off.
Experienced gardeners in pest control give preference to non-chemical compositions, which include the following:
- infused wood ash at the rate of two glasses per bucket of water. A piece of finely chopped laundry soap is also added there. Everything is stirred, infused during the day. Leaves are sprayed with the product once a week;
- tobacco infusion. To do this, take sixty grams of tobacco or tobacco dust, pour a liter of boiling water. The composition also requires the addition of ten grams of laundry soap. It is necessary to insist twenty-four hours, foliage processing is performed every seven days;
- 450 g of finely chopped dandelion leaves are poured with ten liters of hot water, insisted for two hours. Plants are processed in the morning or evening.
If you use special chemical compositions, then Spark, Strela, Intavir, Decis are recommended for use. Each of the products must be used after carefully studying the accompanying instructions for use.
During the treatment of the beds with chemical compositions, safety measures must be observed. Extreme processing is carried out at least one month before the start of the harvest.
If during the ovary of fruits it becomes necessary to treat plants from harmful parasites, then it is best to use the biological preparation Fitoverm.
Harvesting and storage rules
Harvesting ripe vegetables can be carried out from mid-summer to the onset of the autumn season. Choose zucchini twice a week. It is not recommended to allow the fruits to overgrow and reach a length of fifteen to twenty centimeters.
Fresh zucchini is best kept in the refrigerator in the amount that is necessary for fresh consumption until the next harvest. It is better to preserve the rest of the crop so that the vegetable retains the maximum amount of nutrients.
The main advantage of the Roller is the reviews of gardeners. Everyone who grew this variety was happy with the rich harvests.
Zebra zucchini got this name because of the shade of the fruit. Zucchini are decorated with longitudinal stripes of light and dark green colors and small splashes. They have the shape of an irregular elongated cylinder with a thickening towards the nose. The surface is smooth to the touch, covered with small projections.
Description of the inside of the fruit:
- accommodates three placental chambers of open type and dense structure
- zucchini pulp Zebra is whitish-yellow, tender, juicy, tastes like pineapple because of the sweetness
- the vegetable is rich in natural sugars, vitamins of groups A, C, PP, folic acid, water.
The green part of the plant is in the form of a medium-sized bush with short lashes. The leaves are large, with deep cuts, dark green in color. Suitable for growing in conditions of central Russia, Siberia and southern regions.
Zebra zucchini belongs to the early maturing varieties. Full ripening of the first fruits occurs 35-40 days after planting. The vegetable is widely used for industrial cultivation due to its high yield. During the season, it will be possible to collect 11-15 kg of fruits from one bush.
With greenhouse cultivation, productivity indicators are slightly lower - up to 10 kg per 1 m². In all conditions, the zucchini reaches a good size:
- average length - 15-20 cm
- fruits can grow up to 35 cm
- the weight of the vegetable, ready to use, is 500-600 g
- maximum weight - 1-1.2 kg.
The zucchini variety is suitable for creating dishes; it is used for the same purposes in mass production. The most popular are the following dishes made using this variety:
- squash caviar
- adjika and oriental sauces
- canned assorted vegetables
- kebabs and grill
- stuffed and baked zucchini
- fresh young fruit salads
- pancakes, toasted vegetables, stew.
Old zucchini are often used for silage, combined with other crops. Fresh vegetables and lashes are fed to rabbits, small and large livestock, poultry, pigs. Zebra zucchini seeds are also of great interest as a component of the pet diet.
Disease and pest resistance
The variety is resistant to many diseases
The zucchini variety is resistant to many ailments, but some diseases manifest themselves under certain conditions. These include powdery and downy mildew, gray rot, anthracnose. Symptoms:
- round light spots on the surface of the leaves
- unpleasant white or gray coating
- dark spots of different sizes on cuttings, green mass, buds and ovaries
- lesions that look like burns that increase in size.
Changes in the shade of the leaves are often caused by an ailment. Drying can occur for natural reasons, when the plant needs to shed old covers. The same happens due to drought, lack of minerals.
The pests that often infect zucchini zebra include spider mites and aphids. They feed on the sap of the plant, thereby gradually killing it. To combat insects, folk remedies and fungicides are used.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Zebra variety is unpretentious in care, easily adapts to different conditions. It is grown outdoors, in a greenhouse and even in a house in winter. Advantages of zucchini zucchini:
- easy tolerance to high temperatures and frost resistance
- obtaining a high yield in a short period
- pleasant taste that is preserved during heat treatment
- beautiful and neat fruits and bushes
- the ability to keep vegetables fresh for up to 2 months
- possibility of transportation over long distances without damaging the skin.
The disadvantages of the plant include selectivity in soils, intolerance to excessive moisture. Water saturation often causes infectious and putrefactive processes in zucchini. If the infected leaves are not removed in time, the disease will spread to the entire bush and kill it.
To get a large harvest, you need to take into account the region of residence. Zebra zucchini begin to actively bear fruit when the air temperature does not drop below 11 ° C. Proper care, taking into account all the nuances, will also lead to a good result.
Characteristics of the variety
Before planting this plant, it is important to carefully study its characteristics. This will help you find the right care.
This culture is characterized by high germination parameters. With adequate care, up to 10 kg of fruit can be obtained from 1 square meter of beds. When growing crops by seedlings, it is possible to collect 2 crops during the season.
Zucchini of this variety are suitable for preparing various dishes. They can be preserved for the winter. Also, fruits can be part of the diet, since they have a beneficial effect on the human body.
Disease and pest resistance
When growing a crop, it is important to remove the melon aphid in a timely manner. This pest affects plantings in mid-summer. Most often, chemicals are used to kill parasites. However, folk recipes are sometimes used in the form of dandelion infusion.
Important! Zucchini Rolik is considered resistant to pathologies typical of the culture. Therefore, with strict adherence to the rules of agricultural technology, the plant does not threaten anything.
With regular use, zucchini brings great health benefits:
- improve well-being with pathologies of the heart and blood vessels, overweight, anemia, gout
- normalize the outflow of bile and restore the glycogen content in the liver
- protect the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract
- increase potency in men
- are beneficial during pregnancy
- facilitate the assimilation of heavy food, stimulate intestinal peristalsis and activate digestive functions.
Each plant loves care, some nuances are distinctive features. Zucchini require attention to watering and feeding. Especially during flowering, ovary formation and maturation.
Fertilizers applied throughout the growing season should not contain chlorine.
Loosening will reduce weeds and provide oxygen to the plant's root system. Removing weeds from the beds will reduce the level of attacks of parasitic insects. Watered with warm water, avoiding drops on the foliage.
Fulfilling the simple requirements of agricultural technology, the summer resident receives the declared harvest as a result.
The main advantages of the Aral hybrid include:
ripening fruits are about the same size, their ripening is extended in time and lasts from the end of June until frost
good presentation and excellent taste of ripe fruits
long shelf life of Aral zucchini at the stage of biological ripeness
the variety is highly resistant to most diseases
There were no drawbacks in this vegetable plant.
Before purchasing seeds for planting, you must carefully read the characteristics of all varieties of interest and choose a more suitable type. After reading all the reviews and viewing the photo of the Roller zucchini, studying its positive and negative qualities, possible areas of application and resistance to diseases and pests, conclusions can be drawn in favor of this variety.
With proper care, up to 10 kg of a tasty and healthy crop can be harvested from one square meter. The high yield of vegetable marrow Rolik distinguishes it from other varieties and attracts the attention of gardeners, since the amount of the harvested crop is a very important criterion when choosing planting material.
Scope of the fruit
Rolik zucchini is used to prepare a variety of dishes and pickles for the winter. In addition to the food industry, the product is actively used in medicine, since it has many beneficial properties and has a positive effect on the human body, as well as in cosmetology (for the preparation of various masks for problem skin).
Disease and pest resistance
When growing a variety of squash Rolik, one of the main care measures is the elimination of the main enemy of squash - the melon aphid. This pest especially affects the beds during unfavorable weather in the middle of summer. To fight insects, you mainly need to use chemical agents, but alternative methods can also be used in the form of spraying with dandelion infusion or tomato juice.
Zucchini variety Rolik successfully resists diseases characteristic of other varieties. Therefore, nothing threatens the culture, especially if you carry out top dressing in a timely manner and do not overdo it with watering.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
When choosing a suitable variety, the opinion of other people about this vegetable product is of great importance. From the reviews about the roller zucchini, you can find out all the positive and negative aspects of growing a vegetable.
The advantages of Rolik zucchini include:
- resistance to temperature changes
- ability to do without additional moisture for a long time
- the ability to make long-term transportation while maintaining the presentation
- unpretentiousness to soil
- good germination
- absence of many diseases characteristic of zucchini
- excellent taste.
Disadvantages of Rolik zucchini:
- poor resistance to melon aphids
- needs a large area of the garden.
Due to the large number of positive qualities, the Rolik zucchini variety is massively used by many experienced gardeners, not only for personal, but also for production purposes. The vegetable culture owes many qualities to its botanical characteristics, which allow them to retain moisture and resist disease.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The main advantages of a vegetable marrow Roller:
- An unpretentious vegetable is grown both in greenhouse conditions and in the open field.
- High appreciation of taste.
- Frost resistance of the variety, easily tolerates temperature extremes.
- Growing in any climatic zone.
- Small fruits tolerate transportation well even over long distances, which allows the vegetable to be grown for industrial purposes.
- Early ripening of fruits.
- Overripe zucchini loses its taste.
- Poor protection from melon aphids.
- Does not tolerate excess moisture, the development of various diseases immediately begins.
The advantages of the Rolik variety zucchini have long been appreciated by experienced gardeners and gardeners.