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Glory to the Winners: planting and caring for an apple tree, pruning and features of the variety

Glory to the Winners: planting and caring for an apple tree, pruning and features of the variety


Fruit and berry plants

Every gardener strives to ensure that absolutely exceptional, unique varieties of fruit crops grow and bear fruit abundantly in his garden. The high-yielding apple variety Slava Winners (Slava Peremozhtsy), which gives fragrant, beautiful and incredibly tasty fruits, can also be attributed to the masterpieces of selection. This variety has gained wide popularity among owners of summer cottages and household plots, and we will tell you about it in our article.

History of selection of Glory to the Winners

Glory to the Winners was introduced in 1928. The creators of the new variety were Ukrainian breeders from the Simirenko Institute of Pomology, which at that time was called the Mliev Experimental Station. Apple trees Macintosh and Papirovka, which belong to red-fruited varieties. Crossing was successful: a new highly productive variety appeared. Upon reaching the age of 8, Slava Winners gives at least 15-16 kg of fruits, and 70 or more kilograms of apples can be removed from a fifteen-year-old tree. Today these apple trees are the most popular in Ukraine and the Caucasus.

Description and characteristics of the variety

Slava Winners has obvious advantages over other varieties: tall, decorative, tasty fruits, high yield, cold resistance, immunity to powdery mildew and resistance to the scourge of all apple trees - scab.

Glory to the Winners can be called both summer, late summer and even autumn varieties: the ripening time of the fruits depends on the weather and climate in which the variety is grown.

Apple tree Glory to the Winners can reach a height of 3 meters or more, its wide crown has the shape of a pyramid. The plant has a high ability to shoot. Its skeletal branches are located at an acute angle to the conductor, and the ends of the branches rise in the vertical direction.

In the photo: A rich harvest of apples

The leaves of Glory to the Winners are light yellowish-green in color, oval, with a sharp top. The flowers in the buds are red, and the open flowers are pink. The mass of medium-sized fruits is 125-180 g, they are pale green, covered with a bright red or dark red blush, covering 2/3 or ¾ of the apple's surface, and as if covered with a waxy bloom. The pulp of apples is of medium density, juicy, aromatic, sweet and sour, colored in a cream or light yellow color.

In the photo: Apples Glory to the Winners

Apples of Glory to the Winners are eaten fresh and processed: they are used to prepare juice, cider, preserves, dried fruits and jam. Soaked apples are also good.

Variety Slava Winners is self-fertile, and can form no more than 8% of ovaries during self-pollination. To increase productivity, the plant needs a neighborhood with one or two apple trees, which will act as pollinators. The varieties Priam, Antonovka, Vadimovka, Borovinka and Melba are most suitable for this.

Planting an apple tree

Selection of seedlings Glory to the Winners

When planting seedlings of Glory to the Winners, it is advisable to follow the recommendations developed by specialists, taking into account the requirements of this variety. In general, the procedure is the same as for other apple trees, but there are several nuances that need to be taken into account. When choosing planting material, give preference to seedlings with a strong root system without dry roots and signs of decay. The place of fusion of the rootstock with the scion must be dry. Do not buy apple seedlings with damaged bark, as well as those that are much higher or lower than 150 cm. The best planting material is healthy annual or biennial trees.

Planting columnar apple trees - detailed information

Landing dates

This variety can be planted in autumn, at the time of leaf fall, or in spring, after the snow melts, but before the buds begin to swell. Before the autumn planting, you need to remove all the leaves from the seedling and treat its roots from diseases and pests. Planting a tree is best on a warm, clear, but not very sunny day.

The technique for preparing the pit and the order of planting an apple tree are the same for any season.

Site selection and preparation for landing

Best of all, Glory to the Winners grows in elevated areas, well lit by the sun. 7-10 days before planting, you need to dig a planting pit up to 60 cm in diameter and about 1 m in depth. Calculate the size of the pit so that after planting, the grafting site of the seedling is not underground. The soil from the upper, fertile layer is mixed with wood ash and humus, mineral fertilizers are added to the mixture and the hole is filled with this mixture to a third of the depth.

In the photo: Preparing a pit for planting an apple tree

How to plant an apple tree

On the day of planting, a peg of such a height is driven into the middle of the bottom of the pit so that it protrudes at least half a meter above the surface. An apple tree seedling Glory to the Winners is installed in the middle of the pit, its roots are carefully straightened, after which the remaining space of the pit is filled with earth. The surface of the trunk circle is slightly trampled down and 10 liters of water is poured under the seedling, and when it is absorbed, the root section is mulched with straw, sawdust, peat or other organic matter. Water for irrigation needs settled and warm. When the soil settles, the seedling is tied to a support.

Planting and caring for apple trees - information from A to Z

Glory Care for Winners

Watering and feeding

The Slava Winners variety cannot be called whimsical, however, it has certain requirements for soil moisture: the plant does not tolerate both drought and excessive moisture poorly. For the first three years, in the hot season, watering is carried out every week at the rate of at least 30 liters of settled and warmed in the sun water per tree.

It is impossible to water the apple tree Glory to the Winners with cold water.

As for fertilizers, they begin to apply them only from the second season. Along the perimeter of the trunk circle, the diameter of which is one and a half times the projection of the crown, you need to make a trench about 50 cm wide and about 40 cm deep.Water should be poured into this trench when irrigating and nutrient solutions when feeding. Phosphorus and potassium are applied for the first time after planting only in the fall of the third year, and in the summer or spring, the apple tree is fertilized only with nitrogen and trace elements.

Apple tree pruning

From the very first year, they begin to shape the crown of the apple tree, without regret removing all shoots and branches that do not fit into the scheme. If the crown of Glory to the Winners is not formed in a timely manner, the apples will be small and the harvest will be poor. The first pruning is done at the beginning of the second season after planting: the top of the guide is shortened by 10-12 cm, and no more than 7 buds are left on the trunk. It is best to form the crown in spring, and you will need 3-4 years to complete the process. In the future, you will only need to keep in shape and 1-2 times per season - in spring and autumn - to do sanitary cleaning of the crown. You will learn more about formative pruning of an apple tree seedling in the following video:

Fight disease

The most dangerous for trees of this variety are such infections:

  • fruit rot, or moniliosis;
  • scab;
  • milky shine;
  • infectious desiccation, or cytosporosis;
  • powdery mildew.

In case of a scab disease, which happens to Glory to the Winners much less often than to other apple trees, the treatment consists in treating the tree on the leaves with a fungicidal preparation Topaz, a solution of which is prepared in accordance with the instructions. For other diseases, spraying with Hom, copper sulfate and Bordeaux liquid will help. The same fungicides are used to treat the apple tree for prophylactic purposes, however, the concentration of the prophylactic solution is reduced by 2-3 times in comparison with the therapeutic solution.

Preparing Glory for the Winners for winter

Preparing the tree for winter will not be difficult. After clearing the crown, that is, after removing the diseased, damaged by pests directed deep into the crown, broken and drying out shoots, you need to remove all plant residues from under the tree, dig up the soil under it and mulch the root area with a thick layer of organic material. So that the bark of the apple tree Glory to the Winners is not damaged by rodents, the stem and the base of the skeletal branches of the lower tier are treated with a lime solution with the addition of a fungicide. After whitewashing around the trunk, a one-meter-high frame made of metal mesh is installed or the lower part of the tree is tied with spruce paws or covering material. These manipulations to protect the apple tree from frost are quite enough for Glory to the Winners to survive the winter safely.

In the photo: We wrap apple trees for the winter

Features of the apple tree Glory to the Winners

We told about the advantages of the Slava Winners variety over other apple varieties. Now let's talk about qualities that can be considered disadvantages. Timely collected fruits of the Glory apple tree for the Winners are normally amenable to transportation without prejudice to their presentation, but they can only be stored for up to one and a half months, even if optimal storage conditions are created. They last a little longer in the refrigerator. In addition, apples do not stick well to the tree, and may fall before they ripen. To prevent this from happening, apples must be removed immediately when the fruits reach technical maturity, that is, slightly unripe.

How to grow dwarf apple trees - planting and care

Despite these shortcomings, the popularity of the variety continues to grow. This is indicated by the reviews left on the forums by both amateurs and professionals. This apple variety is preferred by people who have appreciated the exceptional taste of its fruits, good yield and undemanding care.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Pink
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Fruit Crops

Sections: Fruit and berry plants Pink (Rosaceae) Fruit trees Honey plants Apple tree


Lovely apple tree Candy: photo and description of the variety

The author of the variety "Candy" can be called the famous biologist-breeder SI Isaev, who worked with varieties of apple trees for the regions of the Non-Black Earth Region.

He also bred the varieties "Northern Sinap" and "Memory Michurin". Apples of these varieties are highlighted excellent keeping quality and safety.

In this article, we will look at what exactly the Candy apple tree is good for (a photo, a description of it you will find below).


Breeding history

90 years ago, the employees of the Mlievskaya Experimental Gardening Station, named after the famous Ukrainian breeder, pomologist L.P. Simirenko, L.M.Ro and P.E. This is how Glory to the Winners appeared. In Ukrainian, the name sounds like Glory to the Peremozhtsy. It is this that is present in the State Register of Breeding Achievements, where the apple variety was introduced in 1975. It was originally intended for cultivation in industrial gardens in the following regions:

  • North Caucasian
  • Nizhnevolzhsky
  • Central Black Earth.

It is there that all the advantages of the variety are manifested as much as possible.

Gardeners quickly appreciated them and began to plant this apple tree in the Central Region.


Caring for dwarf apple trees in the garden

How to care in springtime

Compared to ordinary apple trees, growing a dwarf apple tree is much easier, but this is only if you know all the nuances. At the beginning of the spring period, the branches of newly planted seedlings should be slightly shortened. If the tree has not been growing for the first year, then at this time it will need sanitary and formative pruning. Before sap flow begins, trees should be treated to prevent pests and diseases. They also install trapping belts on the trunks, which are designed to catch pests.

In such apple trees, the root system is superficial, in this regard, it is very important to ensure that the soil surface in the near-trunk circle does not dry out. When the plant is watered, it is necessary to loosen the soil surface in the near-stem circle to a shallow depth (from 50 to 70 mm). To reduce the number of waterings and prevent rapid evaporation of moisture, it is recommended to cover the surface of the trunk circle with a layer of mulch. In April, on a fine day, you should whitewash the trunk and the base of the skeletal branches of the tree; lime is used for this. In spring, you should also feed the apple tree with a complex or nitrogen-containing fertilizer.

Summer care

In the summer, special attention should be paid to watering the apple tree. Remember that the soil in the trunk circle should not dry out. Also, in the summer, the plant is often attacked by pests, and in order to get rid of them, you can use both folk remedies and chemicals.

In summer, a dwarf apple tree is most often fed on a leaf, while it is recommended to add trace elements to the nutrient solution, especially at this time the tree needs iron. During the period of fruit filling, do not forget to install supports so that the branches weighed down with apples do not break.

Autumn care

In autumn, most varieties of dwarf apple trees ripen. In this regard, the main occupation in the autumn months is harvesting. Please note that the trunk circle at this time must be constantly clean, therefore, fallen leaves and fruits, as well as other debris, must be promptly removed from it. When the crop is harvested, the tree must be fed using mineral fertilizers for this, and sanitary pruning is also performed.

After the near-trunk circle is cleared of plant debris (foliage, cut branches, etc.), it must be loosened, which will lead to a violation of the thermal insulation of harmful insects that have settled down for the winter in the soil. In the middle of the autumn period, the apple tree should be treated as a preventive measure against pests and diseases. In late autumn, you need to prepare the tree for wintering.

Treatment

In spring, before the buds swell, apple trees need to be treated with Nitrafen solution or Bordeaux mixture (1%) in order to get rid of fungi and harmful insects that hibernated in the bark and in the surface of the trunk circle. For processing, you can use a urea solution (7%), it will not only get rid of pests and diseases, but also become a source of nitrogen for the plant. You need to spray the bushes before the sap flow begins, otherwise the buds that have begun to bloom will be burned. In the autumn, when the leaf fall ends, they carry out repeated preventive treatment of dwarf apple trees. To do this, use a solution of Nitrafen or Bordeaux mixture (1%).

How to water

The mode and abundance of watering directly depends on the age of the apple tree, as well as on the weather. The trees that have not begun to bear fruit during the season need three waterings, while 50 liters of water are poured under one plant at a time. The last time the apple tree needs to be watered is in the first days of August. The trees that have entered fruiting need more frequent watering, during the season there should be 3-5 of them, namely: before the tree blooms, during flowering, before the ovaries fall off (in June) and before the apples begin to ripen.

If the soil is sandy loam, then 40 liters of water should be poured under 1 tree at a time, but if it is loamy, then 60 liters of water will be needed. If there was a drought in the summer and there is also very little rain in the fall, the plant will need moisture-charging podzimny watering.At the same time, you must try to get the soil wet to the depth of the root system, for this, 1 bucket of water is taken per 1 square meter of the garden. If the groundwater on the site is located relatively close to the soil surface, then water-charging podzimny watering is not needed for such an apple tree.

Fertilizer

Since the root system of an apple tree on a dwarf rootstock is not very large, and fruiting at the same time is distinguished by its abundance, it is necessary to systematically feed it 1 time in half a month. In the second and third years of growth, the plant will need top dressing with complex fertilizer (for 10 liters of water, 30–40 grams of the substance). At least 2 times during the season, it is recommended to feed the apple tree with organic matter, for this you can use a solution of chicken manure (1:20) or mullein (1:10), while 10 liters of nutrient mixture are taken for 1 bush. In the summertime, foliar complex dressings are made and mineral fertilizers are used for this. In this case, the foliage should be sprayed with a nutrient solution on both sides. Such a procedure is carried out in the early morning or late evening, while the day is chosen to be calm and dry. It is also recommended to feed the apple tree on the leaf with a solution of urea, but its concentration should be low, otherwise burns will remain on the surface of the foliage. The last time you can feed the plant on a leaf is no later than September. In autumn, the fertilizers used for top dressing should not contain nitrogen, since it stimulates the growth of young shoots, which leads to a delay in the preparation of the tree for wintering. In autumn, the plant needs most of all phosphorus and potassium. The approximate composition of the dressing per 1 square meter of the plot: 2 tbsp is poured into 1 bucket of water. l. double superphosphate and 1 tbsp. l. potassium.

Wintering

Since the root system of such a plant is located close to the surface of the site, then in a cold winter with little snow, it can freeze out. In order to prevent this, the trunk circle must be covered with compost or humus, while the layer must be thick enough. From above it is still covered with spruce branches. After the snow has fallen, if you wish, you can remove the spruce branches, and instead of it, the trunk circle is thrown with a thick layer of snow, because even a very severe frost cannot harm the apple tree under it.


Reproduction of apple trees

Seeds

Used for growing rootstocks for grafting or breeding new varieties.

Layers

This method is used if you want to get several varietal apple trees from one seedling. An annual tree is planted in the fall at an angle, in the spring it bends down and pinned to the ground, and is covered with earth. Until autumn, you need to moisten the ground abundantly, and before frost, young roots should be properly insulated. The next spring, the layers can be separated and planted in a permanent place.

Vaccination


Description and characteristics of the Slava Winners variety

Slava Winners has obvious advantages over other varieties: tall, decorative, tasty fruits, high yield, cold resistance, immunity to powdery mildew and resistance to the scourge of all apple trees - scab.

Glory to the Winners can be called both summer, late summer and even autumn varieties: the ripening time of the fruits depends on the weather and climate in which the variety is grown.

Apple tree Glory to the Winners can reach a height of 3 meters or more, its wide crown has the shape of a pyramid. The plant has a high ability to shoot. Its skeletal branches are located at an acute angle to the conductor, and the ends of the branches rise in the vertical direction.

The leaves of Glory to the Winners are light yellowish-green in color, oval, with a sharp top. The flowers in the buds are red, and the open flowers are pink. The mass of medium-sized fruits is 125-180 g, they are pale green, covered with a bright red or dark red blush, covering 2/3 or ¾ of the apple's surface, and as if covered with a waxy bloom. The pulp of apples is of medium density, juicy, aromatic, sweet and sour, colored in a cream or light yellow color.

Apples of Glory to the Winners are eaten fresh and processed: they are used to prepare juice, cider, preserves, dried fruits and jam. Soaked apples are also good.

Variety Slava Winners is self-fertile, and can form no more than 8% of ovaries during self-pollination. To increase productivity, the plant needs a neighborhood with one or two apple trees, which will act as pollinators. The varieties Priam, Antonovka, Vadimovka, Borovinka and Melba are most suitable for this.


Landing

Planting according to all the rules determines the whole future fate of the tree.

Site selection, pit preparation

To make the apple tree feel comfortable, the following conditions must be met:

  • the spreading crown of the Glory of the Winners dictates the distance between the seedlings when planting 6 m
  • choose a well-lit place, there should be no prevailing winds
  • a good supply of moisture is very important for the Glory of the Persians, but the groundwater must be low
  • the mechanical composition of the soil is selected by light loam or sandy loam with a sufficient amount of organic matter.

If the soil is clayey, the apple tree is not planted in a hole, but in a loose mound of fertile soil.

The standard size of a planting pit for an apple tree is 80x80 cm. It should be prepared a month before planting.

In autumn

In the fall, the apple tree should be planted a month before the onset of stable frosts. If the seedling was purchased later, it is better to dig it in, since it will not have time to take root. One or two-year-old apple trees are chosen for planting - they take root better. Landing Algorithm:

  • we fill the dug hole with fertile soil by a third
  • we dig in a peg from the south side of the pit - we will tie an apple tree sapling to it
  • we install it, straightening the roots, and cover it with soil so that the root collar is not ruined.

Lightly tamp the trunk circle, pour 1-2 buckets of water into it and mulch.

When planting an apple tree in autumn, we add fertilizer - superphosphate and potassium salt (150 g each) to the trunk circle before mulching.

In the spring

You can plant an apple tree until the buds have blossomed. The planting algorithm is the same, but fertilizers are added to the upper third of the pit.

For Glory to the Winners, proper care is very important. Without it, the fruits become smaller and lose their quality.

Watering and feeding

The fact that a young apple tree needs to be watered after planting weekly until young growths appear is also known to novice gardeners. But adult trees of Glory to the Winners need no less moisture.

During dry periods, an adult apple tree requires at least 7 buckets of water for each meter of the trunk circle.

Glory to the Winners is sensitive not only to soil moisture, but also to air. Therefore, if possible, equip irrigation with sprinkling.

  • in spring - complete mineral fertilization with the addition of nitrogen
  • in summer - complete mineral fertilization, but it must be applied no later than mid-July
  • in the fall - phosphorus-potassium supplements.

To bring nutrients closer to the roots of the apple tree, fertilizing is applied to a ditch 40 cm deep dug along the perimeter of the crown, filling it with fertile soil.

Preventive spraying

Preventive treatments of the garden in the spring are carried out to combat possible diseases and pests. For the first, copper-containing preparations are suitable - Bordeaux liquid or a solution of copper sulfate, Hom, Topaz. Tank mixtures of Aktara and Horus, Decis, Kinmiks are used against pests. Spray over a green cone. After flowering, Celinone is most effective. This not only protects the apple tree from pests, but also from scab.

Pruning

The overall crown of the apple tree Slava Peremozhtsy requires constant formation, thinning and lightening of the crown. More information about this can be seen in the video and on the diagram.

Shelter for the winter, protection from rodents

Where Glory to the Winners is zoned, she does not need shelter for the winter. In the Central regions, it will be useful to insulate the root zone by additional mulching with peat or humus with a layer of up to 15 cm. A young apple tree seedling can be wrapped in spunbond. But protection from rodents is a must. The easiest way to do this is with a special mesh, wrapping the apple tree trunk. Poisoned baits are spread around it.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Like any apple tree, Glory to the Winners has its advantages and disadvantages. Let's display them in the table.

Rapid shedding of fruits

Tall - apples are inconvenient to pick

Prevention and protection against diseases and pests

Prevention of apple diseases begins in early spring, it has already been described above. Diseases affecting the apple tree:

  • scab - brown spots on fruits and dried leaves, copper fungicides help
  • powdery mildew - white bloom of fungal spores on the leaves of an apple tree, the methods of struggle are the same as in the previous case
  • fruit rot or moniliosis - circular white growths and brown spots on the fruit, fight it with copper-containing fungicides or phytosporin.

The main pests of the apple tree:

  • apple felt mite - sucks juice from leaves, fight - treatment with Fufanon, Aktellik, Kinmiks
  • apple sucker - a sucking insect with transparent green wings, control measures - Karbofos, Rovikurt, Fufanon, they will also help against aphids

  • moth is a caterpillar of a small gray butterfly, from which Glory to the Winners is sprayed with biological products or chemicals based on pyrethroids.


Watch the video: Pruning an espalier apple tree.