Gaillardia for flower beds, flower beds, and a rabatok
Solar Ballerina Gaillardia
The name Gaillardia comes from the surname of the French botanist Gaillard.
Modern varieties of Gaillardia are combined under the name Gaillardia large-flowered (grandiflora) or garden. This genus has about twenty species. Belongs to the Asteraceae family. The homeland of Gaillardia is the American prairie. Annual and perennial forms are widely developed.
The bushes of this plant are well developed, compact, 60-80 cm high. Flowers are large, 5-8 cm in diameter, of various colors - yellow, cream, golden, red, crimson and bicolor with a dark red or red-brown center. The flowers sit on long stalks. This Gaillardia blooms from June to frost. Stems are erect, slightly branched. The leaves are lanceolate or oval.
Propagate it by seedlings or by sowing seeds directly into the ground. Seeds are sown in semi-warm greenhouses and nurseries in March - April.
Seedlings are transplanted into the ground after the end of spring frosts. Planting density in rows - 30-40 cm. Seeds are sown in the ground in April, so that the seedlings appear after stable frosts.
You can plant in late summer, four to six weeks before frost. The soil should be loose, permeable, not necessarily fertile. Gaillardia grows well on sandy soil with moderate dryness. The location is open and sunny.
Gaillardia is planted in flower beds, in flower beds, rabatkas and in independent groups in informal gardens, in containers.
Popular are compact varieties with double flowers, similar to bright pom-poms. Gaillardia is a valuable cutting plant. Tall plants often fall apart, so supports are used to grow them. To continue flowering, the seed heads must be removed.
This is an easy-growing plant with a vigorous, cheerful, very bright color scheme. In our climate, only one season is often grown. For normal development, she needs a long warm period. Therefore, grow it in seedlings. It blooms effectively and lastingly until late autumn.
Reed and tubular Gaillardia flowers are single-row, semi-double and double with a diameter of 5-8 cm on long elastic peduncles. The flowers are predominantly mahogany red, golden chestnut with yellow edges with reddish or blackish brown centers. The scalloped petals, almost always yellow, provide their attractiveness.
The leaves of this type of Gaillardia are pubescent, broad-lobed, lanceolate or oval, light green, toothed, in part they are similar to the leaves of dandelions. They are finely rough, up to 15 cm long. Taproots, weakly branched. In spring, Gaillardia forms a rosette of elongated hairy leaves. In summer, tall peduncles up to 120 cm in height develop, flexible, strong, freely raised above the leaves. They end in large, brightly colored inflorescences.
Gaillardia grows in hot and arid climates in full sunlight and on sparse sandy soil with good drainage. It also adapts to seaside locations.
Amazing flowers look great in compact flower beds, mixborders, arrays and containers. The bouquets are very elegant and keep fresh for a long time. They create a lively accent in a rocky garden. July is the height of this festive flower blooming.
One plant requires 15-20 square centimeters. Gaillardia attracts birds and butterflies. In winter, birds are attracted to its seeds.
Planting and leaving
It propagates by sowing seeds in semi-warm beds in April.
Seedlings dive to a permanent place, planting in June - July with a distance of 30-45 cm in rows. Seedlings bloom in the second year. You can also sow seeds permanently in May. Seedlings are then discharged to 30-40 cm, while 2-3 plants are left in the nest. Self-seeding does not duplicate maternal qualities.
This gaillardia is used in flower beds, to create separate groups, along the hedge in informal gardens. It is effective in combinations with other colors, especially with hot colors and pastel options. Plant in containers or greenhouses in spring.
The division ensures the preservation and maintenance of the perennial. Gaillardia looks elegant only with regular division. The best time for this is the second half of the summer after the formation of replacement rosettes. It is also propagated by root and green cuttings. The feeding area of one plant is 40x40 cm. The division can be carried out in spring or early summer into sections with roots capable of giving a new plant, or in autumn, when Gaillardia retires. Cannot be divided when it is getting ready to bloom or during flowering. It grows in one place for three to four years.
Enemies and diseases
Leaf spot is noted, sometimes powdery mildew, aphids appear. Flowering heads die with prolonged moisture in rainy weather. The roots die in winter in heavy and damp soil, so mulching with any material is required for the winter.
The death of a plant begins from its center, although it still grows actively along the edges.
Gaillardia varieties and hybrids
Many garden hybrids are known in the culture. They are created as a result of hybridization of perennial spinous and beautiful annual Gaillardia.
In our northern regions, the variety is often found Goblin with a bright festive and cheerful color scheme. At the inflorescences, the colored stripes are arranged concentrically. The center is dark red with yellow tips.
The plant forms lush bushes up to 30 cm high and does not require support. The leaves are green and grayish green. This ornamental plant looks beautiful in the garden from spring to September.
Most forms of Gaillardia have a golden yellow range:
Golden Baby, Cole - yellow with red stripes.
Burgunder - with reed and tubular petals of wine-red and brown-yellow color, collected in baskets up to 10 cm in diameter. Height 50-60 cm.
Monarch mix - has various options for one-color and two-color forms with changing bright combinations of red and yellow. Height 70 - 80 cm.
Bremen The flowers are ligulate, wine-red with a yellow border, the tubular petals are black-brown. Height 50-60 cm.
Sonne. The reed petals are golden yellow, collected in baskets up to 10 cm in diameter. Height 50 - 60 cm.
Fanfare. The most elegant flower. The flowers are tubular, red-brown with yellow edges of the petals. Plant height - up to 1.2 meters. The plant needs support.
The main condition for achieving decorativeness is the well-groomed plantings, the absence of weeds and dried plants. Regular watering in the evenings with water warmed in the sun. It will keep your greenery fresh on a hot summer day. After each watering, it is advisable to loosen the soil and, if necessary, feed it. For best development and long lasting flowering, remove dried seed heads.
7 perfect varieties of roses for a fire garden
The fiery palette in the design of flower beds is more popular today than ever. The flower beds, which look attractive even in cloudy weather, on which yellow-flowering and scarlet plants flare up with "bonfires", reveal all the richness of shades of orange and red, never go out of fashion. Such flower beds are most often decorated with the help of herbaceous perennials, but you should not refuse to decorate them with magnificent regal roses either. Indeed, among hundreds of thousands of varieties of garden princesses, there are inimitable soloists for decorating a fiery flower garden.
Rose, cultivar ‘Westerland’ bred by Kordes
The color palette of roses includes both the lightest and the most intense shades of yellow, orange and red spectrum, as well as intermediate, intersecting colors from the most delicate fawn tones, muted and faded as if to dazzling bright, almost acrylic colors and dark, mysterious, delightful deep shades of brick, burgundy, kraplak and cherry. The variety of colors allows you to choose the right rose for almost any flower bed. Focusing on the general design concept and choosing those tones that will allow the flowering shrub to become the main decoration of the flower garden, you can create a variety of effects, experiment with unexpected contrasts or harmonious color transitions.
But when choosing roses, you need to focus not only on the color palette, because for the garden princesses decorating a flower garden, purely practical characteristics are by no means less important. The choice of the wonderful shades and colors that best meet the idea is important, but no more than the aroma, long-lasting flowering and complete resistance to diseases. The combination of all three factors should be inherent in all roses that can be used to decorate flower beds and flower beds. And flower gardens in a yellow-red palette are no exception.
To decorate flower arrangements with the participation of a variety of plants, the choice of hardy and resistant varieties that do not require too much care, are not afraid of planting a number of large and small perennials and annuals, feel good in mixed compositions, have a sufficient crown density and the beauty of the silhouette is of decisive importance ... There is no place for capricious beauties in any flower garden: they can be bred in a rose garden or planted as a tapeworm, but not in flower beds. When decorating a flower garden with a rose as the main plant, it must be remembered that mixed plantings mean an increased risk of pest infestation and the spread of fungal diseases, the hardiness of roses to which must be tested in practice. For flower beds, it is advisable to choose roses, the durability of which is confirmed by quality certificates, ranked among the classic and new breeding varieties with improved characteristics.
Roses on flower beds can play different roles. They can be organically fit into a landscape group with smooth transitions, used as a dominant, brightly distinguished soloist, used as a structural accent, a point of attraction for the eye, a visual peak, a lush background, etc. To decorate flower beds with a fiery palette, both classic flower bed or shrub roses and climbing, miniature varieties and tea hybrids are used.
Among the roses that are suitable for decorating flower beds of different sizes, there are many superstars with amazing endurance. The 7 favorites of modern landscape design belong to the fragrant and lush beauties, whose color palette will organically fit into any composition of the yellow-orange-red scale. Let's get to know them better.
This issue needs to be approached as carefully as possible. Plants in your flower garden are divided into the following types:
- annual and perennial
- undersized, tall.
When choosing plants, it is worth considering their flowering characteristics and care rules. Don't forget about add-ons. Spicy and ornamental herbs will make your flower garden look new. Also, the garden will be decorated with hydrangea, which will revitalize the shady areas.
Earlier, unpretentious flower beds made from a placer of marigolds, zinnias, epomea and sweet peas were popular. Do not think that this is in the past. The correct combination of varieties of these plants makes it possible to create a vibrant composition that will not be a hassle.
Popular among low-growing plants purslane... Many people know the name of this plant, but few people know that it is edible. A huge advantage of a flower is that it is not afraid of the scorching sun. Purslane literally covers the ground and makes the flower garden unified.
Lilies will delight you with the beauty of flowering by the end of spring. At the same time, the heyday of the iris takes place. The flowering of gladioli depends on the month of planting. This flower will perfectly complement lobelia, sage and bells.
You can rely on fashion trends. The rustic style has enjoyed great popularity over the years. It is characterized by peonies, geraniums, roses, spherical boxwoods and foxgloves. More and more often, natural gardens are used for which herbaceous perennials, characterized by a great love of the sun's rays, are used, in combination with ornamental grass. Among them there is everyone's favorite millennial, echinacea, oak sage, coreopsis, and feather grass is popular among the herbs.
Roses in combination with herbaceous perennials are often complemented by peonies, thistle, red-flowered heuchera. This simple combination creates an unrivaled composition. Conifers go well with roses.
It is important that the main flowers of the rose garden remain the focus of attention.
To begin with, it is worth studying the list of popular and unpretentious representatives of this type of plant. Planting such plants makes it possible to create a garden that will not be a hassle for the coming years. Perennials include:
- Astilba... Depending on the variety, it can vary in size and color of flowers. The flowering period is up to 10 weeks, it grows even in the shade.
- Gelenium blooms profusely from June until frost.
- Geranium (Pelargonium) has large flowers and beautiful reddish leaves. Grows in partial shade and is combined with other perennials. Flowering lasts from May to June.
- Aquilegia... For the proper development of the plant, it is enough just to water it regularly. It grows up to 1 m in height and has beautiful openwork leaves. The catchment blooms almost all summer.
- Snapdragon - autumn flowers with many different colored varieties.
- Azalea... Tea roses, tulips and daisies will perfectly complement the composition of unpretentious and frost-resistant azaleas.
- Castor oil plant - a tall plant resembling a palm tree. The only nuance worth remembering is active watering in summer. The rest of the plant is unpretentious.
- Rudbeckia blooms in late summer and autumn, loves nutritious soil and a lot of light.
- Yarrow blooms in multi-colored baskets from June to September.
- Hosts love shaded places. Usually combined with astilba.
- Lavatera... The plant will decorate the flowerbed with white, pink and crimson tones within 2 months after planting.
- Day-lily... The flower garden with daylilies can be made in mono version. The abundance of varieties allows you to create a harmonious composition.
Among the many such plants, there are those that are best suited for flower gardens. Flowers only grow for 1 season, but this process lasts all summer or all fall. Most popular annual flowers:
- One-year-old aster (Callistefus). It is important to loosen the soil and remove weeds. You need to water the aster wisely; in the summer, reduce watering, but increase the amount of water at a time. The variety of varieties pleases flower growers.
- Calendula - orange "suns" on your flower garden. Small bushes are dotted with flowers of different colors. Has medicinal properties.
- Pansies (Viola). Flowers are more often grown as annuals. The plant loves warmth, but can grow in a slightly shaded area. It blooms from April to the very frost. Before the cold winter, it is better to dig it up and transplant it into a greenhouse.
- Marigold... Unpretentious flowers have a wide variety of varieties. Some can grow up to 1.5 m in height.
- Nasturtium blooms throughout the summer season. It is important to water and feed the plant occasionally. A distinctive characteristic of the species is the seeds, which can be served pickled on the table.
Such plants help to create a colorful flower garden in a short time. The main advantage of plants is that they cover the ground and create beautiful patterns. Popular copies:
- Ageratum Houston... The height of the annual plant reaches no more than 20 cm.Loves an open, sunny area. It is important to water the plant on time. It blooms in white, lilac or blue from June to October.
- Petunia pleases its owners both in the sun and in partial shade. For flower beds, bush and ampel varieties are used. For outdoor flower beds, it is better to plant multi-flowered varieties. The flowers of such a petunia will not be affected by rain. It is important to water and feed the plant regularly.
- Calceolaria. Bright unusual flowers of an annual will make your flower garden more exotic. The plant does not tolerate heat at all, plant it in the shade. When watering, it is important to maintain the moisture content of the soil, but not to wet the leaves at the edge, since water ingress on them can lead to the complete death of the leaves. It blooms from early summer to mid-autumn.
- Daisies. If you plant a plant in the fall, then in May your flower bed will sparkle with bright colors. In damp and cool weather, daisies can bloom until frost.
- Phlox... The plant blooms so densely that during this period the foliage is not noticeable at all. The height depends on the variety, ranging from 5 to 10 cm. There are shades from pastel pink to purple, less often you can see a purple tone.
- Felt splinter... Flowering occurs from May to June. The plant covers the ground with a decorative carpet 20-30 cm high.
Blooming all summer
The most popular are summer flower beds. For them, you need to choose plants with suitable seasonal flowering. Pay attention to these types:
- Purslane takes root in dry soil in an open area. The more sunlight it receives, the more beautiful it blooms. The double-mix terry variety, which blooms until the first frost, is especially appreciated among flower growers.
- Phlox... The plant blooms most beautifully in a sunny area, but it can grow in partial shade. The plant needs to be watered and fed. It has many varieties with different colors.
- Periwinkle... The flower is extremely unpretentious. You can plant it anywhere. You need to water the plant only at the beginning, then it has enough moisture from the ground. Even in the hottest months, watering more often than 1 time in 7 days is undesirable.
- Night violet has flowers of lilac tones, less often - white. It grows very quickly in favorable conditions. Loves light and nutritious loose soil. A terry variety with reddish flowers was bred.
- Nemophila... The plant is distinguished by its low height - up to 25 cm. The openwork leaves have a beautiful patterned edging. The flower is used for flower beds, borders and calmly endures the winter without shelter.
- Lily of the valley. The plant is familiar even to those who are not fond of flowers. A good tandem includes tulips. After flowering, beautiful fruits appear - bright red peas. They should not be eaten, so watch out for animals and small children.
- Aubrieta. A small plant is located in bushes and bewitches the owners of the house with its purple flowers throughout the summer.
- Aquilegia... The unusual structure of the flower makes it attractive to gardeners. Inside there is a yellow core, then oval leaves follow, and petals with sharp ends enclose the composition. The shades of the petals depend on the variety.
- Mylnyanka - an almost irreplaceable plant for romantic flower beds. These flowers look especially good in pink mono flower beds. The buds have five petals.
Ornamental shrubs can help create a garden that blooms all year round or build a hedge. Bushes are flowering and non-flowering, conifers are very popular. Such plants reproduce by division, offspring, cuttings and layering. This makes it easy to plant a large swath.
Dwarf juniper is ideal for decorating a rock garden flower garden. The needles differ depending on the type of plant. It is important to note that peonies, roses, clematis do not withstand proximity to coniferous shrubs, keep them at a distance of at least 2 meters. Popular plantings of jasmine, viburnum, rose hips and cotoneaster.
To create a free hedge, you need to turn your attention to yellow acacia, barberry and different types of hawthorn. If you want a low hedge, then blooming spirea and boxwood are worth noting. The latter shrub is often planted singly and cut in a variety of shapes.
For low hedges such as curbs, Potentilla and low types of spirits are suitable.
Spring spireas in the design of flower beds
Spireas with their unique and unparalleled winter hardiness and undemandingness have become so familiar to us that many no longer perceive them as special, flowering shrubs that can become the main stars of design. Spireas gradually turned into secondary plants, but in relation to their versatility and high decorativeness, this status is completely unfair.
Despite the fact that today the main attention is focused on new species and varieties, as well as on rare and much more capricious plants, it is the spireas who are unmatched not only for their outstanding endurance, but also for their lacy, delicate flowering, monumentality and graphic quality. The arched shoots of these unique shrubs are decorated with inflorescences of various density and are perceived only as luxurious openwork clouds.
Lace spire looks inimitable, no matter what types of spring-flowering or summer-flowering spirits are discussed. But it is in spring spirits that a special, quivering and refined, romantic-pastoral beauty is manifested in full force. The delicate bloom of spring spirits should be used to decorate a spring garden in the most attractive and ceremonial compositions. Indeed, on flower beds these amazing shrubs are the very place. Of course, spireas can be used for groups with other shrubs and woody, and in curbs, and for hedges. But it is on flower beds that you can take a fresh look at these unique shrubs.
The number of spring flowering species of spirea is measured in more than one and a half dozen names. They are united not only by the fact that flower buds are laid on the shoots of last year (and, accordingly, flowering begins only on shoots at least 2 years old), but also the ability to form numerous shoots of tillering, especially dense, dense, but at the same time graphic-architectural and openwork a crown that surprises with a really beautiful texture in winter, summer and autumn. Bright or dark color of the foliage perfectly emphasizes the lacy bloom in an exceptionally snow-white range. And although the flowering of spring spirits is shorter than that of summer species, it is also more abundant. It is not for nothing that such types of shrubs, familiar to everyone, have earned the nickname "snow in May" or "foam in May". Adult bushes of spring spirits are capable of forming up to 60 flowering branches.
Unlike summer species, spring pruning is practically not required (except for traditional rejuvenation and removal of damaged or very old shoots from 7 years old). It is the absence of pruning that allows us to consider all spring spireas as a universal, effortless and not complicating care of a flower garden, a shrub that can be planted even in very complex compositions in the company of almost any plants (even in places where the approach is complicated). Such spireas are not afraid of close proximity to perennials and ground covers, which allows them to be used to create spectacular and dense plantings.
Spring spireas are versatile as a shrub for flower beds and from a stylistic point of view. Spring views will look great in natural-style plantings, and in unrestrained country, and in a strict regular design. After all, their arched branches, despite the general picturesqueness of the bushes, make a strict and elegant impression, perfectly complement the geometric contours and motives of the compositions. The same bush of spring spirea, in addition to different partners, can be perceived radically differently.
Despite the fact that all types of spring-blooming spirits are good in their own way, each plant is distinguished by its special beauty and decorative details; among the snow-white stars that can bloom in spring there are their favorites that are better than others for decorating flower beds. Let's take a closer look at the most spectacular spring-blooming spireas, which will become the stars of a flower garden in any style.
An unconditional star among spring spirits, which, in addition to solo parts, is able to cope with the role of decorating any large ensemble - hybrid spirea wangutta (Spiraea x vanhouttei).
Sprawling and spectacular, this spirea with a height of 70 cm to 2 m is distinguished by very thin branches falling from the center to the periphery of the bush, forming a bush with an almost architectural silhouette and evoking luxurious cascades. Leaves with a cold, emerald-blue shade of green contrast perfectly with most of the inhabitants of traditional flower beds and stand out even against the background of the brightest decorative deciduous herbaceous perennials with a variegated or original color.
Spirea Vangutta (Spiraea x vanhouttei)
The flowering of the Wangutta spirea begins only at the end of May, and although it lasts only 3 weeks, the amazing snow-white and laceiness of this bush makes such an indelible impression that these three weeks will seem magical. The pure white color of small flowers, collected in dense flat umbrellas of inflorescences, gives the plant a special ornamentation. Inflorescences bloom along the entire length of the shoot in such an amount that the branches bend almost to the base of the bush and are perceived as lacy white lines or strokes. This type of spirea is capable of re-flowering, and although it is less spectacular than the first, it still seems like a miracle in July-August.
The spectacular contrast of cold foliage with shimmering white blossoms looks fresh and adds an inner glow to any decorative ensemble. Spirea Vangutta goes well with decorative deciduous and flowering shrubs and perennials of all sizes and palettes.
The spherical-flattened bushes of multi-stemmed, dense, voluminous and even slightly massive look completely different spire of nippon (Spiraea nipponica).
This shrub with dark green small leaves does not bloom along the entire length of the branches, but only in their upper part. In early June, this spirea blooms very compact inflorescence shields, in which white flowers with a slight creamy tint are surprisingly dense. Unlike the Wangutta spirea, the Nipponskaya blooms for about 25 days. And at the peak of flowering, the bush looks like a massive white cap.
Spirea nippon (Spiraea nipponica)
It is a bold and voluminous plant, a dominant accent that creates a solid white spot on any flower garden. Despite the love for space and the sun, this spirea is not afraid of close proximity to perennials and other ornamental shrubs. Massive and effective, it is able to set strikingly structural accents in any composition and bring orderliness even where dozens of different plant species are combined.
Any original color of foliage other than green on flower beds looks like a special decoration. And this rule applies not only to herbaceous perennials, but also to shrubs. Grayish green leaf color spirea gray (Spiraea x cinerea), for which she received her specific name, contrasts beautifully with neighboring cultures.
The thin, beautifully curving branches of this shrub create a crown that looks like a green cascade. The height of highly branched bushes can reach 2 m. Shoots are felt, ribbed. But the effect of arches or a cascade is most fully revealed only during flowering. If the Wangutta spirea seems to color the flower beds with white lines or strokes, then the gray spirea looks literally like a snow-white lace fountain.
Small white flowers of this plant with a lukewarm tint of color are collected in spherical inflorescences with a diameter of about 2 cm. Inflorescences bloom densely along the entire length of the branches. With a bush height of about 1 meter, numerous flowering shoots flowing down create a striking impression.
This shrub looks very elegant and is suitable for decoration in any style. The effect of a living fountain of gray spirea produces in any company when planting with one bush or a small group. In the conditions of the middle lane, the start of flowering of gray spirea falls on May and early June.
Spirea oak-leaved (Spiraea chamaedryfolia) Is a largely underestimated plant, the ornamentation of which can be conquered in any decorative composition. This plant contrasts beautifully with irises, peonies and other large-leaved herbaceous stars, it looks lacy even when not in bloom.
Cascading, somewhat sloppy, strikingly airy and dense at the same time, the crown is formed by shoots up to 1.5 m high, which bend almost to the ground during flowering. A very dense, dense, multi-stemmed shrub, however, it does not seem massive at all.
It is one of the most fragrant and early flowering spirea species. The dense hemispheres of its inflorescences adorn the shoots from the beginning of May and stay on the bush for about 25 days. It is one of the best formation-tolerant spirea species and is mistakenly recommended almost exclusively for hedges. But if you plant a bush on a flower garden, then you will fully appreciate all the beauty and originality of this type of spirea.
If you are looking for a real star for a spring flower garden, then you should pay attention not only to individual species, but also to the already legendary varieties of spring spirales.
Spirea oak-leaved (Spiraea chamaedryfolia)
One of the more luxuriant varieties is the weeping and deliciously bushy variety.Grafsheim"(Grefsheim). A fashionable cultivar of gray spirea is a unique spirea, the height of which ranges from 70 cm to 1 m. Numerous shoots, the number of which is simply impossible to count, form a dense weeping crown, drooping in elegant arcs and creating an incredibly beautiful graphic-arched effect. This variety is considered one of the most beautiful for creating hedges, but in close proximity to other ornamental shrubs and perennials on a flower garden, it makes an equally catchy impression.
Another star of flower beds (albeit a much smaller accent) - known here simply as “Rainbow"- varietal Nippon spirea, whose full name sounds like‘ Gerlve’s Rainbow ’. This is one of the most compact varieties of spring spirits, only about 0.5 m high. The bush is strikingly dense and almost spherical, it seems specially formed using topiary art (i.e. the art of forming figures from plants). The main advantage of the variety is not only abundant flowering, but also variegated leaves. They are decorated with cream or pink spots in this variety, which appear unevenly under different lighting conditions. In autumn, a pink-red fire engulfs the entire bush, turning it into the main competitor of barberries. Flowering, during which flat lace shields bloom on the bush, begins in June and lasts about 3 weeks.
Another name for the tricolor violet (Víola tricolor) is pansies.
It can rightfully be called the favorite of landscape designers - it is often used to decorate city flower beds, it can be found in numerous flower beds of personal plots.
Pansies are widely used in the creation of alpine slides, carpet flower beds. They are also grown in flowerpots.
The flower is even used in the organization of vertical gardening! Thanks to the new varieties of ampel viols, the designers were able to arrange lush compositions of these flowers in hanging baskets and balcony boxes.
An annual plant. The bush is 40-50cm high.Inflorescences up to 10 cm in diameter, fully double flowers, dome-shaped and medium height. The flowers are painted in bright juicy colors, which gives the compositions with their participation a festive, bright look. It blooms profusely and for a long time. Used to decorate flower beds and flower beds. When creating prefabricated and monocultural flower beds, in groups on the lawn. It goes well with marigolds, marigolds, vervain. Cut flowers sit in the water for a long time.
The plant is light and thermophilic. Flowering begins 80-90 days after germination. Sowing seedlings in April under glass. The seeding depth is 0.5 cm. After 3-4 weeks, the seedlings dive. Planting seedlings in open ground is carried out when the threat of frost has passed. The distance between plants is 30-40 cm. Prefers drained, limed, soils fertilized with organic fertilizers in autumn, a sunny place protected from the wind. In the southern regions, sowing directly into the open ground with further thinning is possible. The plant is relatively drought tolerant, but requires regular watering. Also, a positive effect is given by regular (once every 3-4 weeks) fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers. Bloom from July to frost. Faded inflorescences are removed.
Stylish flower bed with your own hands. Mixborder. Scheme. Photo
Dear friends, today I will tell you how to make a stylish flower bed with your own hands. In the spring we can't wait for the earth to warm up and we can start planting our favorite flowers. All the flower garden schemes that you will find in the article were developed by the best domestic specialists in the field of green design.
Among the various types of flower beds, the mixborder is interesting in that it gives endless possibilities to fantasize. A mixed flower garden is characterized by an abundance of beautiful greenery and a harmonious combination of flower colors. And, of course, the alternating flowering of different crops throughout the summer.
Mixborder size is arbitrary. It can be large or small, but in any case, a well-planned flower garden is sure to decorate your garden. As an example, a diagram of a large mixborder is given, which can be positioned along the edge of the site.
1.9 - autumn helenium 2 - hybrid goldenrod 3 - paniculata phlox 4 - hybrid bush 5 - purple rudbeckia 6 - beautiful small petals 7 - nodule wrestler 8 - hybrid catchment 10, 11, 15 - garden iris 12 - peony 13 - royal lily 14, 16 - subulate phlox 17, 22 - caustic sedum 18 - thick-leaved berry 19 - stemless primrose 20, 21 - alpine rezuha.
Roses are widely used for flower beds, both in pure form and in combination with perennials. Here is an example of one of the rose mixborders.
Mixborder with bush rose
1 - yellow bush rose,
2 - white-flowered lunar,
3 - varietal aquilegia,
4 - haired lyadvinets,
5 - sedum species, varietal, red,
6 - swamp forget-me-not,
7 - common lavender.
When compiling a mixborder, certain rules are followed. If you want to create a one-sided flower garden, i.e. one that is visible only from one side, then the plants are arranged on it in the form of a ladder - from the lowest in the foreground to the highest in the background.
The double-sided mixborder is viewed from both sides. Here, tall plants are planted in the center, and medium and low on both sides.
A flower garden can be viewed from all sides, like a flower bed, then it is made up of low plants. And so that from any angle it can be viewed entirely.
Plants in a mixborder are planted in groups of 3-5-7 plants at your request.
An example of a flower garden for sunny places that will look good from all sides.
1 - seaside groundwort with silvery foliage,
2 ever-flowering red begonia (it can be replaced with salvia or red Turkish carnation),
3 - common meadowsweet (medicinal sage is also suitable),
4 - phlox panicled blue or purple,
5 - daylily (yellow, orange or brown).
When choosing plants for a mixborder, it is not at all necessary that they should bloom all the time. You can create a composition from crops that are not blooming at all, and the mixborder will be very beautiful.
This is achieved due to the color and shape of the leaves, different heights of plants, their skillful arrangement and combination with each other.
And yet, as a rule, in a mixborder, the decorative effect is achieved thanks to flowering plants and a thoughtful selection of all its inhabitants. Then the flowering of some crops is organically complemented by the beauty of the leaves of others, the color of the stems of the third, the shape of the bush of the fourth, and all together presents a living, constantly changing picture.
The image shows a perennial flower garden with decorative foliage.
1 - creeping tenacious with purple foliage,
2 - hosta wavy white-bordered,
3 - German iris,
4 - heart-leaved incense,
5 - subulate phlox,
6 - seaside armeria,
7 - large hakonechloa or other plants with long narrow leaves,
8 - summer white flower.
A separate flowerbed looks interesting - a spot against the background of the lawn. If this flower bed is round, then border plants (alissum, seaside cineraria, etc.) can be used in the form of edging.
For example, in the case of a combination of tulips or daffodils with pansies, they can be planted at the same time in the fall, or pansies can be planted in the spring after bulbous seedlings appear in pre-planned places.
Red and yellow tulips “lined” with white pansies look very picturesque on the lawn, and
whether large-flowered yellow or orange viola and blue lobelia.
For flower beds and ridges, varieties of pansies are most suitable with clean colors and strong growth, abundantly blooming and hardy.
For a close view, preference should be given to large-flowered pansies with an unusual flower shape and corrugated petals of the Chalon Suprim series, F1 hybrids of the Crystal Bowl series or the Maxim series.
Flowerbed on the lawn
1 - bright orange pansies,
2 - yellow pansies,
3 - red tulips.
It is good if there is a birdhouse in the garden. In addition to the unconditional benefits of birds, it is very interesting to watch their merry fuss. And if you break a flower garden around the pole on which the birdhouse is fixed, then this place in the garden will become unusually attractive.
Having divided the flower garden according to the scheme that you will find below, you can be sure that it will be decorative throughout the season. In May, you will be pleased with the multiflorous euphorbia, and the lush miscanthus bush will be beautiful until October.
Ageratum blooms will become more abundant after a haircut, and an elegant gypsophila will add volume to the mixborder. Yellow coreopsis and bright red varieties of the annual aster will adorn the flower garden until autumn.
Flower garden at the birdhouse
1- Houston Ageratum,
2- ever-flowering begonia, red,
3- graceful gypsophila,
4- lanceolate coreopsis,
5- sugar-flowered miscanthus,
6- one-year-old aster, red,
7- white sedum or bearded iris,
8- euphorbia multiflorous,
□ - the place of the pole on which the birdhouse is fixed.
The composition of a flower garden can be simple or complex. It is naturally better for a beginner grower to start with simpler solutions based on those plants that can be easily purchased.
Having examined the place for a flower garden in the garden, mentally imagine what shape it will be, its length and width. Then draw on paper the outlines of the future flower garden and divide it in width into three parts - front, middle and background. Now, on each of them, arrange the groups of plants, taking into account which sides your flower garden will be viewed from. Most often, tall plants (from 0.8 to 1.2 m) are located in the background, medium-sized plants (from 0.4 to 0.7 m) in the middle, and undersized in the foreground (up to 0.3 m).
And we bring to your attention a simple but charming multi-tiered flower garden made up of plants that can be found in almost every garden.
Multi-tiered flower garden
1 - tall delphinium (blue, light blue, purple) - 3 plants.
2 - panicled phlox (different shades of pink) - 2 bushes.
3 - sage (meadow sapvia) or veronica (blue inflorescences) - 5-7 plants.
4 - Carpathian bell (white) - 7-9 plants.
All these plants are long-flowering perennials, therefore, during the summer, at least two colors will always be present in the composition: blue with pink or blue and white.
When creating a flower garden, it is important to take into account the relationship of plants with the background. Most often, green grass and leaves act as a background, since green calms, balances any bright composition. A well-groomed green lawn is an excellent backdrop for a flower garden.
Try to arrange a simple mixborder along the edge of the lawn according to the proposed scheme. It will not be difficult to make it, but it will look amazing.
In the places of faded spring plants, after digging the bulbs, you can plant seedlings of long-flowering summer plants. Crops such as petunias, balsams and low marigolds will look great.
1 - red primrose,
2 - yellow tulips,
3 - blue pansies,
4 - yellow terry daffodils,
5 - white pansies,
6 - pink daisies or crocuses.
Tulip bulbs and crocus bulbs are harvested in June-July after the leaves die off. Before planting in the fall, they are stored in a well-ventilated area, cleared of the ground. Crocuses are also cleaned of old corms, which die off every year.
The flower beds are very decorated with ornamental deciduous and flowering wild types of herbs, such as soft cuff, coarse-haired tansy, tansy, basilica, silver-leaved wormwood, medicinal lungwort, hornbeam.
These plants grow and turn into lush beautiful plants in the garden that easily tolerate drought, waterlogging, frost and do not require much maintenance. All of them are perfectly combined not only with colorful varietal flower crops, but also with decorative and roses as well. Compositions of flower and shrub crops with wild plants are distinguished by a special splendor of greenery, grace in flowering and ease of maintenance.
Mixborder with herbs
1 - red monard,
2 - species yellow-flowered tansy,
3 - narrow-leaved immortelle, white-flowered,
4 - species wormwood,
5 - pinnate carnation,
6 - meadowsweet (meadowsweet),
7 - melissioli catnip.
Plants attract us for many reasons, but color is probably the main thing. To give the flower garden integrity, it is necessary to include one, two, or even three colors in the project, and use white as a neutral tone. If you are not sure about the combination of one color with another, then place a plant blooming with white flowers between them.
Integrity is created when in a garden you set up several flower beds in different places with the same plants, as if tying the garden together. When a certain plant harmoniously fits into the garden, then there is a feeling of balance, tranquility.
Do not forget that each plant has its own crown when it grows. Therefore, when planting, it is necessary to leave an appropriate distance between the plants.
Perennials should be planted at a distance of 30-60 cm from each other. Based on practice, the distance should be equal to half the diameter of the crown. It is better to leave more space than less, so that later you do not have to repot everything again.
Flower garden for semi-shady places
1 - host Siebold (one plant each)
2 - hybrid daylily (3 plants)
3 - astilba Arens (3 plants)
4 - dicentra (1 plant) or daylily (3 plants).
You can also arrange a beautiful flower garden under the crowns of trees, however, it requires a special selection of plants. These plants should be shade-tolerant, beautifully flowering and have decorative foliage.
The flower garden that you are invited to make fully meets these requirements. Plants of such a flower garden bloom at different times. Only lungwort and mountain weed bloom early. Therefore, you can add early bulbous plants to it (crocuses, scillas, snowdrops, chionodoxes, as well as tulips and daffodils with different flowering periods).
In the shade of the trees
1 - mountain goat weed,
2 - female kochedyzhnik,
3 - host Siebold,
4 - Astilba Arends,
5 - yellow corydalis,
6 - Chinese astilbe,
7 - nape violet,
8 - hosta wavy white-bordered,
9 - common lungwort,
10 - beech telipteris,
11 - Volzhanka vulgaris.
Trees are marked with black circles.
You can put some attractive baubles in a large flower garden for beauty.
A large boulder or fancy driftwood will look good at the front edge of the mixborder. There is no need to uproot the existing stump - a flowerpot with petunias or other beautiful annuals will come in handy on it, or you can put a large bowl of water as a drinker for birds. A cart wheel or small barrel should also fit well.
A tiny pool made of a dug-in tank, like a baby bath, is also good, so that from the point of view you can see a mirror of water and flowers bent over it, for example, montbrecia.
In general, the process of creating a mixborder is so entertaining that once you get involved in it, you will certainly be carried away by this idea.
And in conclusion, another scheme of a large flower garden, which, despite the use of ubiquitous plants in it, will look elegant and natural for more than one year.
Mixborder of perennials and annuals
1 - garden balsam (varieties),
2 - stonecrop prominent,
3 - host Siebold,
4 - milk-flowered peony,
5 - daylily brown-yellow,
5c - Middendorf daylily,
6 - Astilba Arends white,
6а - Astilba Arends pink,
7 - annual white aster.
MOST COMMON FLOWER CROPS FOR MIXBORDER
Plants for the background
Spring flowering - ornamental shrubs: Japanese quince, Arguta spirea, Daurian and Japanese rhododendron, terry plum, almond, lilac, jasmine.
Summer flowering - peonies, perennial lupine, daylily, delphinium, daisy, tall lily, large-leaved brunner, adonis, powerful eremus, volzhanka, beautiful small petals, gypsophila.
Autumn flowering - dahlia, gladiolus, high phlox, high goldenrod, mallow, high perennial aster, rudbeckia, Korean high chrysanthemums, helenium, echinacea.
Plants for the middle ground
Spring flowering - tulips, daffodils, primrose (medium-sized species), anemone, marigold, columnar dronicum, swimsuit, imperial hazel grouse, aquilegia.
Summer bloom - Turkish carnation, astilba, aquilegia, pyrethrum, petunia, diklitra (broken heart), montbrecia, bellflower, foxglove, paniculata phlox, lavender, irises.
Autumn flowering - annual aster, high marigolds, calendula, Japanese anemone, heuchera, low goldenrod, zinnia, perennial coreopsis, rudbeckia, aconite.
Plants for the foreground
Spring bloom - pansies, chionodoxa, blueberry, muscari, spring crocus, hyacinth, daisy, lily of the valley, forget-me-not, primrose, subulate phlox, pushkinia, arabis, snowdrop, hazel grouse, gravilat.
Summer flowering - tuberous begonia, nasturtium, alyssum, verbena, petunia, sage (low varieties), low tagetis, iberis, crown anemone, edelweiss, seaside armeria, low pyrethrum.
Autumn flowering - one-year aster (low grades), dwarf pelargonium, crocus, perennial low shrub aster.
In flower beds, there should be plants with decorative foliage such as hosts, ferns, sheep's ears, as well as various cereals. Coleus (decorative nettle) with colorful foliage, planted with rooted petioles, look good in flower beds. They just do not need to be allowed to bloom, pinching the tips of the shoots for better tillering.
In conclusion, I suggest watching the video "Mixborder of perennials in the garden"
Dear readers and my friends, I always read all your comments with great interest. If you liked the article or have something to share in the use of Argo products, please leave your feedback. Your feedback is very important. This will make the site more interesting and useful, reviews of those who have used the products may give a chance to someone else to improve their health. With love and warmth to you, Consultant of the Argo company Lyudmila Sinitsyna.
Stylish flower bed with your own hands. Mixborder. Scheme. Photo: 2 comments
A landscape designer can grow a spectacular and stylish mixborder from perennials. But even if you are a novice amateur gardener and want to try yourself in a new role, nothing prevents you from creating a colorful mixborder with your own hands. Arm yourself with theoretical knowledge and patience, your work will definitely be rewarded!
Free-form flower beds should not be placed under the scorching rays of the sun or in damp, constantly shaded places. Everything should be in moderation. The optimal conditions for do-it-yourself mixborders from perennials will be open places with moderate lighting. How to make a beautiful mixborder from perennials, if here some flowers replace others? And those that bloomed in June should not "spoil" the appearance of the flower bed in August? This is not permissible with a mixborder!