Transplanting cherries to a new location
Growing cherries does not present any particular problems, but in some cases difficulties arise associated with the wrong planting site. For example, the plant is too close to buildings, other trees, or in the wrong soil. In order for the cherry to easily adapt to the conditions in the new place and not get sick, the transplant must be carried out according to all the rules.
When is it better to replant cherries
Transplanting a cherry is always stressful for a tree, and its further growth, development and fruiting largely depend on how it is done and in what time frame.
The most favorable period for transplanting is early spring or autumn, each of these seasons has its own pros and cons. Most often it is advised to do this in the fall, from mid-September to mid-October, a few months before frost. There should be no leaves on the tree by this time. Autumn transplant shows better results than spring transplant:
- at this time, high temperatures are noted, which allows the tree to quickly adapt to a new place;
- before the onset of frost, the cherry will have time to take root and get stronger, and with the beginning of spring it will immediately grow.
The best spring month for moving a tree is the end of March - April, before the buds swell.
Spring cherry transplantation is done only at rest of the plant, before sap flow begins in it.
Transferring to a new location during this period has not only its advantages, but also disadvantages:
- in spring, the plant has a lot of time to adapt, which allows it to gain strength and safely survive the cold;
- in new conditions, it will hurt longer and adapt;
- with the arrival of heat, pests are activated that can destroy the cherry.
It is better to transfer the plant to a new site on a sunny, windless day at an air temperature above + 10 ℃ and in the absence of night frosts.
How to transplant cherries
For the plant to take root well, you first need to choose a suitable site. For this, an illuminated and elevated place is most suitable. Cherry does not like damp lowlands, as such conditions can lead to decay of the roots and its death.
All varieties are demanding on soil with neutral acidity. Acidic earths are limed with slaked lime, ground chalk or dolomite flour. The drug is evenly scattered, then shallowly embedded in the ground. The procedure is best done in the autumn, after digging the earth.
Moving trees, as a rule, is carried out in two ways:
- transplant with a lump of earth;
- transplant with bare roots.
In order for the plant to quickly adapt to new growing conditions and start bearing fruit earlier, it is advisable to use the first method.
How to make a pit correctly when transplanting cherries
It is better to prepare the landing pit in advance. It is dug up in the fall, if the tree is planned to be replanted in the spring. When moving cherries in the autumn, the planting pit is prepared in the spring. Its depth and width should be 30-40 cm larger than the size of a clod of earth with roots.
Compost is added to the bottom with a small amount of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers and ash, and a layer of fertile soil about 5 cm thick is laid on top. If the tree has already been fed earlier, then the amount of fertilizer applied is reduced.
Fertile soil and fertilizers are introduced into the planting pit for transplanting cherries
How to dig up cherries for transplanting
In order for the plant to transfer the movement to a new site as best as possible, it is dug out together with an earthen lump. To prevent the soil from shattering from the roots, the soil around the cherry is moistened by pouring about 5 buckets of water under the base of the trunk.
After watering, the plant begins to dig around the perimeter of the crown. Considering that the roots of the tree grow to the length of the branches, this will maximize the preservation of its root system.... The shape of the trench can be circular or square, the walls are made strictly vertical, about 30-60 cm deep.
Digging is done so that a clod of earth is formed around the roots. This will maintain the familiar environment and facilitate the survival of the tree. The diameter of the upper part of the earthen coma for young plants should be about 50–70 cm. If the cherry is more than 5 years old, the root ball diameter ideally increases to 150 cm and the height to 60–70 cm.
Cherries need to be dug out with a lump of earth that best matches the perimeter of the crown, so as not to damage the roots
The trench along the perimeter of the crown is gradually deepened. Too long roots, which make it difficult to get an earthen lump, are chopped off with a sharp shovel blade, the cuts are smeared with garden pitch. To make it easier to remove the tree from the hole, one of the walls of the ditch can be made tilted.
If the plant is large, a long, durable object (iron bar or pitchfork) is placed under the base of the coma. It is used as a lever to extract the monolith with roots.
The plant is laid out on a previously spread cloth or plastic wrap, an earthen lump is wrapped and tied with a rope over the root collar.
Cherry roots are protected from drying out with a film or cloth
Transplanting cherries to a new location
They transfer the plant as carefully as possible. Large trees are transported in a sawdust cart to absorb strong shaking, using iron sheets or rough cloth. In order for the transfer of the cherry to be successful, the following requirements are fulfilled in the future:
- At the bottom of the pit, a soil mixture is poured in such an amount that the lump placed on it would rise 5–10 cm above the soil surface. They try to plant the tree at the same depth that it had before it was moved.
- The root system is freed from the film, watered so that the earth holds on to the roots better, then carefully placed in a prepared hole.
- The direction of the branches relative to the cardinal points after the transfer should remain the same as in the previous place.
- The root collar of the tree should rise 3 cm above the soil level.
- For a fragile plant, a support is carefully driven into the hole, trying not to damage the roots. The stake is placed obliquely in the direction of the wind, and the cherry trunk is tied to it in the future.
After transplanting, the tree should be supported so that after subsidence of the soil it does not tilt.
- The space between the walls of the pit and the earthen lump is covered with fertile soil mixed with humus and rammed. Unlike planting, when transferring cherries to a new place, it is allowed to compact the soil strongly, since the left earth clod protects the root system from damage, while the roots of a young seedling are not protected, they can be damaged in this case.
After transplanting a tree into a prepared planting pit, the earth is rammed
An irrigation circle 5–10 cm high is formed near the transplanted tree, preventing the spread of water. The plant is abundantly watered with 2-3 buckets of water, the trunk circle is mulched with foliage or sawdust... This will protect the soil from drying out and cracking, and during the autumn transplantation will protect the roots from the first frost.
After transplanting to a new place, the tree needs to be watered abundantly, and then mulched
Pruning the crown when transplanting cherries
Before moving the tree or immediately after the procedure, the branches are pruned in order to equalize the volume of the crown with the size of the root system. Thanks to this, the bulk of the nutrients will be directed to the root. Skeletal branches are shortened by about 1/3 of their length. Another pruning option involves thinning the crown by removing 2-3 large branches. Sections are treated with garden pitch.
The crown of the cherry is cut before or after transplanting
Video: how to transplant a fruit tree correctly
Cherry transplant by year
A cherry tree is very sensitive to environmental changes, so you shouldn't move it from one area to another without a good reason. If this still needs to be done, be careful about the age of the transplanted tree, since fruiting cannot be guaranteed for an adult plant.
It is not recommended to move cherries older than 10 years.
Strict adherence to the tree transplant guide will help not only preserve the plant, but also quickly restore fruiting.
How to transplant young cherries
If the cherry grows close to the mother tree, it is recommended to plant it, as it takes away nutrients and interferes with the fruiting of an adult plant. When buying or replanting a young tree:
- it is carefully examined, dry and damaged branches are cut off;
- try to dig so that a clod of earth forms on the roots;
- to improve contact with the soil, the bare root system is dipped into a special clay solution before planting;
- dried roots are immersed in water for several hours in order to saturate them with moisture and revive.
In the future, the transplant is carried out using standard technology.
How to transplant an adult cherry in spring
In spring, moving mature cherries to a new site is carried out according to the above instructions. In this case, it is necessary to take into account all the pros and cons of a spring transplant in order to ensure good survival and early fruiting of the tree.
How to transplant an old cherry
Sometimes a transplant is necessary for an old tree. The technology is very similar to moving a young plant, but there are also important differences:
- When digging, the roots should not be exposed, they must be hidden in an earthen coma.
- The root system must be dug out very carefully, trying to keep as much of the roots as possible without damage.
- Pruning of branches must be carried out more carefully than in young cherries in order to balance the volumes of the crown and root system with each other. The procedure for an old tree is carried out just before digging up to facilitate its transportation to a new place.
Compliance with these recommendations will minimize stress when transferring a middle-aged plant to another site.
Features of transplanting cherries, depending on the species
When moving a tree, first of all pay attention to the type of cherry, because in some cases the technology needs to be adjusted:
- Common cherry tolerates movement well, transplant it according to the above instructions in autumn or spring, choosing the most favorable period.
- Bush cherry (steppe) is not recommended to be moved due to the high probability of tree death. If necessary, the procedure is carried out according to standard technology.
- Felt cherry is characterized by an underdeveloped root system, as a result of which it practically does not tolerate transplants. As an exception, it is better to do this in the spring, after the snow melts and only at a young age. Fruiting of the felt cherry lasts for 10 years. With a late transplant, it may not take root or, once rooted, will not produce berries.
Photo gallery: features of transplant depending on the type of cherry
The main subtleties of transplanting cherries in different regions
The cherry tree is unpretentious to the growing environment and feels good in different regions. However, depending on climatic conditions, its transplant will be slightly different:
- A zone of harsh climate, including the Urals. When a tree is moved to a new site in the fall, there is a high risk of freezing of the roots, since before the onset of cold weather it will not have time to take root. For this climatic zone, spring is the most favorable time for plant transplantation.
- Warm southern areas. It is better to move cherries in the autumn, no later than a month before frost, so that the plant has time to adapt to new conditions.
- The middle zone with a temperate climate. The transfer of an adult tree is possible both in the fall and in the spring, but the chances of settling in a new place in the fall are still higher.
Correctly chosen time for transplanting cherries, as well as following all the recommendations of experts, will allow the tree to successfully adapt to new growing conditions and get a good harvest of berries.
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The most suitable periods for transplanting cherries are autumn or early spring, some gardeners transplant in the summer, this procedure most often ends with the death of the tree.
Trees that are replanted in summer require long-term maintenance; it is also impossible to replant cherries in summer without damaging them. When choosing the season when the transplant will take place, the cherry variety and its age play an important role.
The choice of the spring planting period allows the culture to rehabilitate after changing the soil and gain the necessary amount of strength to endure frost.
This type of transplant is performed in early spring, when the tree has not yet emerged from its winter sleep. After transplanting, the cherry gradually strengthens its root system and, with proper care, very rarely undergoes death.
Note! There are some varieties that are transplanted only in the spring, immediately after the snow melts before the start of sap flow; felt cherry must be attributed to such crops.
Autumn is well suited for transplanting fruit plants, however, in the autumn period, some peculiarities should be observed so that the culture has time to strengthen and does not die after the onset of frost.
When transplanting in the fall, you need to know:
- depending on the variety, some do not tolerate the autumn transplant, therefore, the procedure should be carried out in the spring
- it is necessary to carry out an autumn transplant only after the fruit plant has passed into a dormant state. There comes such a period in the middle of September
- when transplanting, it is necessary to ensure that there is no foliage on the branches
- in order for the roots to take root, it is necessary to transplant a month and a half before the onset of frost.
Note! Correct insulation of the rhizome for further wintering is of great importance when transplanting a crop in the autumn.
How to transplant correctly: step by step instructions
Transplanting cherries requires the selection of a comfortable place for culture in the garden. The tree needs as much light as possible. Areas well-lit by the sun, but sheltered from the wind, are best suited for him. The close occurrence of groundwater is taken into account when choosing a new place for cherries. Therefore, it is best to transplant the culture to a hill on the south side of the garden. The soil for cherries needs sandy loam, loose, with neutral acidity.
For adaptation to a new place to take place faster, it is necessary that the composition of the soil is identical to that of the old place where the culture grew.
The age of the cherry is also taken into account when transplanting. It will be correct to transplant cultures that are 3 years old. You should not take an adult tree, since it is unrealistic to transplant it. It simply will not take root and will die. Felt varieties of cherries, which do not have time to prepare for fruiting, are also not touched.
Step-by-step instructions for transplanting cherries consist of a number of stages:
- In a new place, a hole is prepared with a width of up to 70 centimeters and a depth of 50.
- They add humus, wood ash, superphosphate and potassium salt to the planting pit. The fertilizers are thoroughly mixed with the ground.
- The tree is dug up along with the roots, on which a clod of earth is firmly held. You don't need to shake it off.
- In the middle of the hole, an elevation is poured from a nutritious top layer and a tree is placed.
- They begin to fill the hole with soil mixture, placing the root collar at the same level from the ground surface. During the procedure, the tree is shaken so that the clods of earth are laid between the roots.
- The soil is tamped tightly, starting from the beginning of the trunk circle to the tree.
- Water a profusely transplanted bush, up to 3-4 buckets per plant.
If the cherry is transplanted in the fall, then they try to choose a day without frost, with a temperature of at least 10 degrees Celsius. In the spring, the cherry is transplanted so that sap flow has not yet begun, which will slow down the adaptation of the tree in a new place.
Transplanting cherries in spring or autumn: how to transplant cherries to a new place correctly.
It is good when there are many cherry trees in the garden, the garden looks "cheerful" and festive. This is when in moderation. And if there is too much of such a holiday and it is located in one place? It turns out not very nice, plus it is not practical. It is not practical for the reason that in the thickets to serve neither plant nor harvest. There are two ways to fix this inconvenience. The first way is to remove all unnecessary trees. The second way is to transplant cherries in the spring to a new place in the same area. There are no questions about solving the problem using the first option. There would be an ax or a saw, then it all depends on diligence. The second option is more difficult to execute, but more profitable. Although the difficulties here can be called purely arbitrary, if you understand the main points of the work being done.
What is the best time for transplanting cherries - autumn or spring?
First for the spring. Still, the time of awakening of nature, the time of the beginning of all work in the garden. Here are just a cherry tree for a spring transplant is somewhat cool. No, immediately after winter, replanting a culture is quite possible. The tree will develop, then bear fruit, unless, of course, at first it dies in a new place. This is not a horror story, but there is still a risk. Why? In the spring, the transplanted cherry will grow immediately. On the one hand, this is good, on the other, not very well. The good news is that there is still half a year before the cold weather, you can take root well. Bad elsewhere. The increased growth of the aerial part of the tree does not allow the development of the root system. In addition, harmful animals that want to feast on foliage and shoots, and possible diseases will prevent the tree from fully developing. Although this can be dealt with, and if anyone is not afraid of such difficulties, before the budding begins, you can start a spring transplant.
Now for the fall. For transplanting some fruit trees, the time is not very good, but as for cherries, then the most suitable. In autumn, the tree enters a state of dormancy, it no longer needs to grow, and it is possible to change its place of "residence". The main thing is that before winter there is a month and a half for rooting. If according to the calendar dates, then the time is more suitable for carrying out the work, starting from mid-September and further, during the month. Again, everything is conditional, since when the cherry is moved from one place to another, there should be no leaves on the tree.
Which cherries can you transplant?
Ideally, none are recommended to be carried from place to place. But if such a need has arisen, before transplanting cherries in a new place in spring, or in autumn, the properties of individual species should be taken into account.
Coarse cherry - an exception to the rule, when a transplant is not only possible, but must be done in order to remove the growth that "clogs" adult plantings. Since such "seedlings" do not have their own well-developed root system, rooting in a new place is the most painless.
Classic tall cherry - allows you to move yourself when and where you want. This is in time and place, but there is still age, which serves as a certain "limiter". The first few years of a tree's life are considered the best time to transplant. A period of up to 5 years can be called admissible. After 5 years of age, when the plantings are already adults, it is impractical to transfer cherries from one place to another. The costs of "moving" will be significant, and the survival rate is questionable.
Felted cherry - the most delicate kind. It is not recommended to touch it at all. In exceptional cases, it is necessary to transplant felt cherries in the spring, and only at a young age. In the spring, due to a weak root system, it may not survive the winter in a new place. Young age, so the bush culture has a fruiting period of up to 10 years. When transferring a bush from place to place at an age, it often happens that it succeeds to take root, and the berries never appear again. And why such surprises?
We decided to transplant - it is advisable to know how
We talked about everything, found out that transplanting cherries to a new place in the spring was not very promising, but how to carry it out correctly, if circumstances so require, did not find out. Step-by-step instructions will help to correct this state of affairs.
Step by step the work looks like this:
1. First, a thorough pruning of the cherries is done. Young, old - no difference. The branches are removed in order to reduce the intake of nutrients by the aerial part, directing them mostly to the root, for its better development.
2. The tree is dug in around the perimeter of the crown, the roots are cut off.
3. Cherries with a clod of earth are taken out of the pit.
4. In the right place, a new hole is dug, slightly larger in size than the root together with the earth. By the way, it is good if the dimensions of the root system with the ground, in height and width are the same.
5. The pit is fertilized. The chemicals and organics used for fertilization are the same as when planting a cherry seedling.
6. Cherries are set in a pit, watered, covered with soil, the soil is slightly compacted, watered again, mulched.
7. Anything can be used as mulch: dry grass, compost, peat, sawdust, but it is better if it is humus.
Everything how to transplant cherries in the spring to a new place is considered. It remains to add that it is advisable to transfer the culture immediately so that the roots do not have time to dry out. The direction of growth of the branches must also be observed. This is how they were located before (to the south, north, etc.) and so should be located after the transplant.
In fact, planting a cherry and transplanting it is not much different. If the tree is planted, it means that you already have some work experience, you won't have to invent anything new. The only thing that you should be careful about is choosing a transplanted crop by age. Cherry is a delicate creation, as if not to make it worse.