Laundry soap to protect plants from diseases and pests
Laundry soap as a natural remedy for combating diseases and pests in the garden and vegetable garden has been used for a long time.
Let's talk about how to use it for these purposes.
Laundry soap for plant protection
When is laundry soap used?
Laundry soap in horticulture and floriculture is used:
- when the properties of the soil change;
- for hygienic purposes (for washing plants);
- to combat pests and fungi;
- for fixing solutions on plants.
Let's take a closer look at each case.
Changing soil properties
In some areas, the soil is very acidic. In such a soil, many plants simply will not survive, therefore it is necessary to restore the neutral reaction of the soil, and this can be done with the help of laundry soap. To restore a comfortable pH for plants on large land areas, methods such as the introduction of dolomite flour and other deoxidizing compounds are used, but small acidified areas - beds or flower beds - are restored using laundry soap: 150 g of grated soap is dissolved in 1 liter of warm water and mixed with 10 liters of water. This solution should be sufficient for 1 m² of the treated area.
In the photo: Grinding the soap
Fight against fungal diseases
Laundry soap is an excellent assistant in the fight against some fungal diseases, for example, gray rot on strawberries. To prevent the development of gray rot, 10 g of household soap crushed with a grater must be dissolved in 1 liter of water and treated with this solution of the plant.
Laundry soap against insects
Soap is also effective in the fight against insects. To destroy aphids, prepare a solution of 300 g of soap in 10 liters of warm water: the soap must completely dissolve so that the solution does not contain lumps. It is advisable to strain it after preparing the solution, then there will definitely not be clots of soap in it, which, if they get on young leaves, can leave burns. The solution is sprayed on the leaves of herbaceous plants, shrubs and trees. In this case, the soap acts like a film: it blocks the access of air to insects, and from this they die. A solution of laundry soap will also help in the fight against spider mites.
After 3 hours after treatment, the composition must be washed off the plants with plenty of clean water, for example, using a hose.
To get rid of caterpillars and butterflies will help infusions from natural herbs - chamomile and tobacco. Laundry soap in this case acts as a fixative, preventing the liquid from quickly draining from the leaves. The animal fats that make up the soap firmly hold the infusion on the leaf surface for 7 or even 10 days. One treatment with natural insecticidal infusions is unlikely to be enough, therefore they are used in 3-4 stages with an interval of a week.
In the photo: Processing of plants
Sometimes, when growing seedlings at home, there is a danger of infection of seedlings with mealybugs, which, together with the seedlings, can get into the greenhouse. If you miss the moment of pest breeding, then it will be very difficult to deal with the proliferated worms. Pests are easy to spot as they live in colonies. As soon as you are convinced that you are dealing with worms, immediately treat the seedlings with a solution of 20 g of laundry soap in 1 liter of water: thoroughly moisten all the ground organs of the plant, including the underside of the leaves, with the composition. And do not forget to protect the substrate with a film from soap getting into it before processing, and after 15-20 minutes, carefully wash off the solution from the plants.
How you can maintain the hygiene of indoor plants and rid them of pests and fungal diseases with laundry soap, you will learn from the video:
Equipment and inventory handling
With repeated use of garden tools and seedlings, their regular disinfection is required, since the fungus can live on the surface of tools and utensils for a very long time. Tools and containers are treated with a strong soapy solution, and after a while it is washed off. It is not recommended to use a solution of laundry soap to disinfect metal parts and objects. In order to avoid the appearance of rust on them, disinfection is best done with a volatile antiseptic, for example, alcohol.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
Sections: Gardening Insecticides Fungicides
Plant protection from pests and diseases
In chapter "Plant protection»Medical products and methods of plant protection from pests and diseases are described in detail. Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor Mikhail Dmitrievich Vronskikh will share his experience and knowledge with you. All materials used in this section are taken from the book "Whether in the garden or in the garden", which can be purchased from the author.
Harmful objects and natural means of dealing with them: polyphagous pests, garden pests, pests and diseases of berry crops, pests and diseases of vegetable crops.
Traps as a measure of pest and disease control: oriental moth trap, plum moth trap, apple moth trap, yellow glue traps and biotechnology.
Plant care products: antichlorosin, var-tape, water-dispersion paint VD-KCH-577, smoke bombs and neutral smoke bombs, garden whitewash, garden var and paste
Plant growth regulators: heteroauxin tablets, gibberellin, gibbersib, hydrohumate, sodium humate, dextramine, lekstrel, ivine ampoules, oxygumate, poteitin, farbizol, fumar. 1% solution, fumar. 10% solution, ellipse.
Non-chemical pest and disease control recipes
Aloe against spider mites. Marigold against aphids on berries and against nematodes. Elderberry black and red against the gooseberry moth.
Mustard against the red apple tick, against the gooseberry moth, against the caterpillars of sawflies on currants and gooseberries, against aphids, caterpillars of scoops, meadow bugs, tobacco thrips, against slugs, against murine rodents.
Potatoes against cabbage whites, scoops, moths, as well as kidney moths, gooseberry moths, sawflies, gall midges, aphids, spider and kidney mites, leaf rollers and for catching wireworms.
Burdock or burdock against leaf-eating pests of vegetable crops (caterpillars of cabbage whites, moths, scoops, etc.) and against sucking pests (aphids, cicadas, ticks, thrips, etc.).
Bulb onions against spider mites and aphids on the testes of cabbage, as well as with a weak infestation of currants by kidney moth, gooseberry moth, sawflies, gall midge, aphids, spider and kidney mites, leaf rollers, against sucking pests on vegetable crops, against spider mites, meadow bugs , slobbering pennits, common earwigs, suckers, moths and against spider mites on cucumbers.
Calendula (marigold) against nematodes, caterpillars of many pests, ticks, as well as to combat fusarium of vegetable crops.
Dandelion medicinal against sucking insects (aphids, mites, honeydews) on fruits, against spider mites on cucumbers, against larvae of currant leaf gall midge.
Alder gray, shrub against aphids and spider mites on rose hips, apple trees, to scare away a bear.
Field sow thistle (yellow) to combat powdery mildew.
Sowing parsley or curly against snails on strawberries.
Common tansy against moth, bear, flower beetle on an apple tree.
Larkspur high against cabbage moth, cabbage and turnip whites, sawfly larvae, openly living beetles, sucker, ringed silkworm caterpillars, hawthorn and young goldtail.
Euphorbia rod-shaped against caterpillars of scoops, moths and cabbage whites on vegetable crops.
Chemeritsa Lobel (black and white) against caterpillars of apple, bird cherry moth, ringed silkworm, cabbage white, larvae of cherry slimy sawfly: in the fall (or early spring), the whole plant is harvested (together with the root.
Datura ordinary against bedbugs, spider mites, copperheads and aphids on fruit crops.
Bittersweet nightshade against sucking pests on fruit and vegetable crops: during the flowering period, collect non-lignified shoot tops with leaves.
Sophora fox-tailed and sophora thick-fruited against aphids, bedbugs, suckers, sawfly larvae, moth caterpillars and other pests of fruit crops.
Celandine large against aphids, suckers, thrips, scale insects, turnips, cabbage whites, cabbage scoops and other pests.
Wormwood against caterpillars of the codling moth, leaf-eating pests on fruit crops, gooseberry moth caterpillars.
Tomatoes against aphids, ticks, herbivorous bugs, cabbage whitefly caterpillars, moths, meadow moth, apple moth, cabbage moth, cruciferous flea beetles, gooseberry sawfly and gooseberry moth.
pharmaceutical camomile against sucking pests, small caterpillars, sawfly larvae and ticks.
Scots pine against aphids and suckers, moths, apple moth, gray rot, against aphids and suckers, against gooseberries and against gray rot.
Yarrow against sucking insects (aphids, suckers, thrips, bugs, spider mites) and small openly living caterpillars.
Bird cherry against the caterpillars of the winter moth.
Horse sorrel against aphids, ticks, cruciferous bugs on radishes and cabbage testes.
Garlic against spider mites, aphids, rust, against kidney currant and strawberry mites, against bud moth, gooseberry moth, sawflies, aphids, gall midges, spider and bud mites, against fusarium on gladioli and against late blight of tomatoes.
Use of other means of pest and disease control
Ash against melon aphids on cucumbers, against aphids, snails, slugs on cabbage, against young moth caterpillars and sawfly larvae on currants (May-June) and against currant powdery mildew in June. Tar soap against spider mites. Turpentine against nematodes. Potassium permanganate against powdery mildew of cucumbers. Mullein against powdery mildew of cucumbers, against late blight of potatoes and tomatoes and against powdery mildew of currants. Hot water against powdery mildew of currants. Ground sulfur against powdery mildew of cucumbers. Naphthalene against the cabbage fly. Fluff lime against the cabbage fly. Lime milk against the cabbage keel. Over-ripened hay against powdery mildew. Soda ash against powdery mildew. Baking soda against powdery mildew of berries.
Iodine, brilliant green, chalk are excellent protection for the garden and vegetable garden from pests and diseases!
Ecology of consumption. Farmstead: Modern plant protection products are not always at hand at the right time. And the ripening crop cannot be treated with chemicals. The materials at hand will help out.
Modern plant protection products are not always at hand at the right time. And the ripening crop cannot be treated with chemicals. The materials at hand will help out.
The solution is applied against aphids on vegetable crops (200-300 g per 10 liters of warm water).
Almost universal pest control. Dust is sprinkled with flower crops of the cabbage family, as well as carnations, dahlias, gladioli, delphiniums, irises, peonies for protection against cruciferous flea beetles, sucking insects (30-50 g per 10 m²).
Infusions and decoctions of tobacco dust will save currants, gooseberries, cherries, cherries, plums, chokeberries from leaf-eating caterpillars, aphids, moths, sawflies. For infusion, take 1 kg of dust per 10 liters of warm water, insist for a day, filter and dilute with water 1: 3 before use, add 40 g of soap per 10 liters of solution. Fruit is sprayed 15 days before harvest.
A solution of iodine (5-10 drops per 10 liters of water) promotes better growth of strawberries and protects them from diseases. Spray the plants once a season before flowering.
If the pumpkin peel is damaged during transportation, treat the "wounds" with brilliant green - then the fruits can be stored for a long time. The same is done with dahlia tubers after stripping rotted areas during storage.
Will help in the fight against gray mold strawberries (2 tsp per 10 liters of water), powdery mildew on berry bushes (dark pink solution), wireworm (Before planting the plants, shed the soil with a solution - 2 g per 10 liters of water). When preparing potatoes for seeds, freshly dug tubers are washed in a strong solution.
A solution of chalk (1 tablespoon per bucket of water) is used to prevent the ovaries from falling off cherries and plums growing on acidic soils. Due to the lack of lime, the plants do not form a bone, so the ovary falls off. Two or three times with an interval of 10-12 days, you need to water the soil under the trees abundantly with a solution.
The soil pollinated with powder will become obstacle for slugs... In the first half of summer, berry bushes are sprayed with infusion against gooseberry moth and sawflies (100 g per 10 liters of water, leave for 2 days, strain, dilute in half with water and add 40 g of soap for every 10 liters). The same infusion will protect fruit trees from caterpillars of apple moth and leaf-eating caterpillars (process trees 15–20 days after flowering), will help cabbage and root crops get rid of from aphids, bugs, thrips.
Ground black and red pepper
In some cases, ground pepper, black and red, can be substituted for tobacco. Sprinkle pepper in the aisles after watering, before loosening, and it scares away cabbage flies and flea beetles from radish.
Good trap for bear... A glass jar is smeared with honey from the inside at the neck and dug into the ground. The neck is closed with a board with a gap of 1-1.5 cm.
A sugar solution (1 teaspoon per 1 liter of water) will attract bees to bee-pollinated hybrids. Plants need to be sprayed.
Salt solution will protect strawberry patches from ants... A pack of salt poured onto a fresh stump and roots will drown out the growth of a newly felled tree and bush. The same method will not allow horseradish to grow: after digging out unnecessary bushes, pour some salt on the remaining root, and the horseradish will die.
Protects black currants from powdery mildew ... The bushes are tied and treated with a mixture of kefir and water (1: 1).
Protect vegetables from the bear ... The shell is introduced into the soil in the form of a crushed powder mixed with vegetable oil before sowing.
Aphid he just can't stand it. In addition, vinegar is good and against fungal diseases... Taking a tablespoon per liter of water, spray the plants with this solution (in cloudy weather).
Diluted in water, it will protect strawberries from ants. For spraying leaves, affected by the fungus, take 1 tablespoon of oil per 3 liters of water.
Onion husks scattered in the areas of garden strawberries will not allow plants ticks... You can spray carrot crops with a decoction of onion peels to scare off the carrot fly... For processing carrots before storage, an infusion is good (50-100 g of husk per 1 liter of water, leave for 3-5 days). Root vegetables are dipped in it for 10 minutes and, without drying, are laid in storage. published by econet.ru
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Furacilin - a well-known pharmaceutical agent used for tonsillitis and other throat diseases, it is also effective in protecting grapes from fungal infection. The drug is unique in that it can be used on bushes with ripening crops.
Furacilin is unique in that it can be used on bushes with ripening crops. © Advice of an agronomist
Working solution: 5 tablets of furacilin are dissolved in 5 liters of water, 50 g of soap or any other "adhesive" is added and the bushes are thoroughly sprayed (literally every leaf, every bunch from all sides). Spraying is carried out in the early morning or late evening several times with an interval of 7-10 days.
4. Cabbage fly
Despite its name, the cabbage fly harms not only cabbage, but also all other cultures of the Cruciferous family - radish, turnip, daikon, radish, horseradish, etc. Moreover, the fly itself is an absolutely harmless creature, but its larvae are a real thunderstorm for these vegetables ...
Cabbage fly larva on the affected plant. Photo from wordpress.com
To scare off the pest from planting and prevent it from laying eggs on the plants, the soil in the garden bed where the cruciferous crops grow is mulched with rotted sawdust soaked in a tar solution (1 tbsp. Spoon per 10 liters of water). The procedure is carried out in early spring and the mulch layer is renewed in early August.
Processing the garden after the formation of ovaries
The last spring treatment is carried out for preventive purposes.
To destroy the remaining larvae of pests or fungal spores, step 4 is carried out: preventive treatment with universal means. Use:
- copper oxychloride
- Bordeaux liquid
If the garden is healthy and there are no visible traces of pests or diseases, then a one-time spraying with solutions weak in concentration is carried out, so as not to harm the small pea-sized ovaries and not burn the leaves. During this period, foliar top dressing is useful, which increase the immunity of trees and shrubs, their resistance to pest infestation or disease.
Spraying trees in spring
Focusing on how to treat the garden from pests in the spring, you do not have to suffer from a poor harvest in the fall. It is important to complete all work on time, on schedule and on time, focusing on the physiological rhythms of the plant. And then the garden will delight you with bright foliage, lush flowering and excellent harvest.
Gardeners recommend their methods of processing a spring garden, video below.
Than to spray the garden in spring. Video. Garden world
Treatment of the garden in spring from diseases and pests is a guarantee of good growth, development and fruiting of trees and shrubs | (Photo & Video) + Reviews