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Veles grape - early seedless nutmeg variety

Veles grape - early seedless nutmeg variety


Today, seedless grape varieties are becoming increasingly popular among winegrowers. Despite the fact that these species were known in antiquity, only now they have become widespread. Breeders breed new species every year. One of the last, which was bred relatively recently, is the Velez grape. It is this grape variety that our article will be devoted to.

Description of the variety

The Veles grape variety was bred by crossing the Rusbol and Sofia varieties. It was first obtained in the city of Zaporozhye, in Ukraine from the breeder V.V. Zagorulko. He also gave the first description.

The Velez grape is a hybrid form of seedless grape. The plant is classified as an early ripening variety (about 100 days elapse between the budding process and fruit ripening).

The vine is characterized by a very high growth rate. Its ripening proceeds well along the entire length of the shoot. The maximum eye load per bush is about 35 eyes.

Flowers, in the amount of two to four, are formed on one vegetation shoot. For the Veles variety, hermaphrodite or bisexual flowers are described, which contain both stamens and pistils.

Despite the fact that in such a situation pollination of flowers is sufficient, additional pollination is necessary to improve fertility - it can increase yields by 20%.

The bunch of grapes is very large in size and can reach up to 2 kg in weight. The bunches can be conical or cylindrical. They are very branchy.

Considering the characteristics of the variety, Veles is the most preferred type of grape, which is suitable for growing in the temperate climates of Belarus, Ukraine and Russia.

The berries are arranged in clusters with medium density or friability. They have an oval shape. Their mass varies and is, on average, about 5 g. The peel of the fruit is pink and of medium thickness. When eating, it is not felt. In the world, the fruits acquire amber transparency, which gives an extraordinary aesthetic appearance to the entire bunch. The flesh of the berries is dense with a pronounced nutmeg flavor. Sometimes in the pulp come across rudiments of seeds in the form of soft bones. They are almost invisible during meals.

With high humidity, the berries crack and rot. In dry and sunny weather, without a loss of taste, the bunches dry out or become salty, they can stay on the bush for up to 45 days. The bunches sit very strongly on the bush and you need to make an effort to separate them from the vine.

Growing conditions

Reproduction of grapes occurs with the help of cuttings harvested in the fall or purchased seedlings. After planting, that cuttings, that seedlings take root perfectly.

If you decide to purchase seedlings, you should know that they are sold both grafted and rooted. Veles is one of the unpretentious varieties to care for.

In order to increase yields, accelerate the ripening process, increase the size of the bunch and improve the taste of berries, spring pruning is carried out.

Pruning for fruiting is carried out in six or eight eyes. You can find information that this pruning can be carried out for more.

Since this species is characterized by a fairly high frost resistance (up to -21), it does not need to be covered for the winter. But experienced growers advise that it will not hurt to cover the grape bush for the winter with a film.

High humidity and frequent precipitation during the summer can lead to a decrease in the palatability and transportable qualities of the fruit.

Characteristics

High productivity is characteristic. The plant bears fruit stably every year. Fruit ripening occurs by the beginning of October. At the same time, you can start harvesting the main crop outdoors in early August.

It is inclined to form stepchildren on the same shoots where the bunches are formed. Stepson also bear fruit, but they ripen by mid-autumn.

It is an early ripe variety and has two harvest waves: in August and in autumn.

The plant has high frost resistance and a fairly high resistance to most diseases (downy mildew, mildew, oidium and other fungal diseases). It tolerates both transportation and storage, thanks to its dense and elastic pulp.

Video "Veles grapes"

In this video you can visually familiarize yourself with the characteristics of this grape variety.

This type of grape is most suitable for growing in a temperate climate zone. A number of characteristics put the Veles variety in one of the first places. Growing this grape is suitable for any home garden.


With ageny grapes, grape varieties

You can buy all grape varieties presented in this catalog in our store in Kharkov or we can deliver cuttings by mail throughout Ukraine.

you can buy grape seedlings in Ukraine according to our price list

Variety / Variety characteristics:

1. Ripening period
2. The power of growth
3. Bunch weight, g
4. The size of the berry
5. Coloring of berries
6. Tasting assessment, points
7. Frost resistance * С


Superearly seedless grapes: description

The grape bush has medium vigor. Under normal conditions, the height of the bush does not exceed one and a half meters, but under favorable growing conditions it can reach a greater height. The vine ripens well.

The bush has a gorgeous openwork crown. It can be not only a source of a good harvest, but also an effective decoration of a courtyard.

It is no less decorative than the Arochny, Viking or special curly Vichy varieties.

The shape of the five-lobed leaves is slightly rounded, the size is medium, and their dissection is small. The color of the upper surface is light green saturated. The surface of the leaves appears to be reticulate and wrinkled.

The upper cuts are deeply open and rounded. The lower ones are small lancet-pointed. The lower part of the leaf is slightly pubescent, the pubescence is cobweb. The petiole is pink. Its length does not exceed the length of the median leaf vein, often shorter than it.

Gurzufsky Pink, Amethyst and Galahad also have bisexual flowers.

Photo of grapes "Superearly seedless":


Covering table varieties

Long awaited (seedless)

1. Very early (1st decade of August)
2. Vigorous
3. Large and very large (500-700g)
4. Large 28 x 23mm 7.5-11g
5. White
6.8.5 harmonious
7. Frost resistant (-21)

1. Early
2. Vigorous
3.700-1700g.
4.up to 18g
5. White
6. Harmonious
7. Frost resistant (-21)

1. Early (2nd decade of August)
2. Vigorous
3. Large and very large (500-700g)
4. Large 28 x 23mm 7.5-11g
5. White
6.9.5 harmonious
7. Frost resistant (-27)

1. Early (2nd decade of August)
2. Medium-sized
3. Large and very large (500-700g)
4. Large 27 x 22mm 6-7.5g
5. Red-raspberry
6.9.2 harmonious with nutmeg flavor
7. Frost resistant (-26)

1. Mid-early (125-130 days in the 1st decade of September)
2. Medium-sized
3.600-1200g.
4.17 x 22mm 3.5-5g
5. Pink
6.harmonious, light nutmeg
7. Frost resistant (-18)

1. Medium term
2. Vigorous
3.700-1800
4.up to 24g
5. Pink
6. Muscat
7. Frost resistant (-23)

1. Medium term (130-140 days, mid-October)
2. Vigorous
3.600-900g.
4.33x25mm, up to 14g.
5. Green
6.harmonious
7. Frost resistant (-25)

1. Medium term (130-140 days, mid-October)
2. Medium or vigorous
3.1.5 - 5 kg
4.4.28 x 14mm, up to 12g
5.T / purple almost black
6.harmonious
7. Frost resistant (-22)

1. Middle term (3rd decade of August)
2. Vigorous
3. Very large (800-1100g)
4. Extra large 35 x 31mm 12-16g
5. White
6.8.5 harmonious, light nutmeg
7. Frost resistant (-25)

1. Early (2nd decade of August)
2. Medium-sized
3. Large (400-600g)
4. Large 22 x 22mm 4- 4.5g
5. Red-raspberry
6.9.0 harmonious
7. Frost resistant (-26)

1. Very early (1st decade of August)
2. Vigorous
3. Large and very large (600-800g)
4. Extra large 30 x 22mm 8-11g
5. White
6.8.5 harmonious
7. Frost resistant (-23)

1. Medium - late (2nd decade of October)
2. Vigorous
3. Very large (600- 900g)
4. Extra large 28 x 26mm 8-10g
5. Red-violet
6.8.4 harmonious
7. Frost-resistant (- 22)

1. Very early (1st decade of August)
2. Vigorous
3. Large (500-700g)
4. Large 24 x 19mm 5-6g
5. White
6.9.5 harmonious, nutmeg
7. Frost resistant (-23)

1. Middle term (1st decade of September)
2. Vigorous
3. Large (700- 900g)
4. Large 28 x 22mm 7-8g
5. Dark blue
6.8.7 harmonious
7. Frost resistant (-22)

1. Middle term (1st decade of September)
2. Medium-sized
3. Large (400-700g)
4. Large 28 x 23mm 6-7g
5. Pale pink
6.9.2 simple
7. Frost resistant (-24)

1. Very early (1st decade of August)
2. Medium-sized
3. Large and very large (400-600g)
4. Large 29 x 21mm 8-10g
5. White
6.9.5 harmonious with nutmeg flavor
7. Frost resistant (-25)

Elegant very early

1. Very early (1st decade of August)
2. Medium-sized
3. Medium 300-500g
4. Large 29 x 21mm 6-7g
5. White with a sun tan
6.9.2 harmonious, weak nutmeg aroma
7. Frost resistant (-25)


Ultra early ripening

The unique varieties and hybrid forms of grapes described below manage to ripen on average in less than 100 days from the beginning of bud break. Among them there are fruits of different color and size, but most have good resistance to the main problems of growing grapes. Below you will find a brief description of the varieties with the most important characteristics that will allow you to determine how this or that grape variety is right for you and your conditions.

Light in color

In this category, there are most varieties and hybrid forms, but only the most popular and resistant to diseases will be discussed.

Super-Extra

This variety of Pavlovsky's selection, fully justifying its name, despite its relative youth, is one of the most popular early grape varieties. On most sites, he is one of the first to keep up. Combining the large size of berries with their beauty and taste, it is also distinguished by the high marketability of relatively large clusters (400-800 g) and their transportability. Shoots also have time to ripen well. In addition, its resistance to fungal diseases is beyond praise, and frost resistance reaches -24 ° C.

F-14-75

Very easy to care for and stable in fruiting hybrid form from Hungary. Berries with strong nutmeg, pleasant to the taste, not prone to cracking, and the bunches remain on the bushes for a long time. Growth in the vine is rather weak, but does not require pinching and rationing. Ripens well, cuttings root perfectly. The size of the berries may be too small for a table variety, but it ripens one of the first and forgives many care mistakes. The female type of flower may be considered a disadvantage, but pollinates perfectly with any nearby grape growing. It is resistant to diseases and tolerates frosts down to -26 ° C, it is recommended for rather harsh conditions.

Olympiad

Another of the earliest representatives of the grape family. The variety is quite old, therefore, apart from super early ripening, it is not particularly famous for anything. The yield is average and highly dependent on the conditions of detention. The bush is vigorous, the clusters are small, the berries accumulate a little sugar (15-16), but the acidity is minimal (5-6 g / l). Disease resistance is average.

Harold

In recent years, one of the most popular grape varieties, thanks to its record early maturity, harmonious taste with a light nutmeg aroma and good yield. The bunches are medium in size and density, berries gain sugar up to 20 Brix. Transportability and safety are good. Disease resistance is average.

Galahad

It is also a very valuable and popular hybrid grape form. It ripens only a week later than Harold, but is distinguished by its high taste, which the tasters rated at 8.9 points. Berries and clusters are large, have a high presentation and excellent transportability. The bushes are vigorous, the shoots ripen well, the flowers are bisexual. Disease resistance is at a good level, frost resistance - up to -25 ° C.

Tsiravas Agraa

Very interesting and disease resistant ultra early ripening grape variety from Latvia. Not very well-known, but very promising variety for growing in the middle lane. By most indicators, it goes into the middle peasants - in the size of berries, bunches, the strength of the growth of bushes and yield. But the sugar content manages to gain up to 21 Brix, and the vine ripens well. The flowers are bisexual, tolerates frost down to -23 ° C.

Elegant Superearly

Not claiming to have record yields, but a reliable and disease-resistant superearly variety. The taste is simple, but the berries remain on the bushes for a long time. The color of the berries is considered not particularly attractive for the market (white-green), but it can withstand frosts down to -25 ° C.

Pink

Some of the most beautiful and attractive in color are pink grape varieties, among which you can also find several representatives of the ultra-early group.

Due to its relative novelty, or for some other reason, this hybrid form is not very popular among winegrowers. Of course, the bushes have significant growth force, and this has to be constantly pruned and rationed. But it ripens at the earliest, after 95 days, the berries and brushes are quite large and very beautiful, without peas. Sugar content is good up to 22%. Shoots ripen early and along their entire length, which is very pleasant. The cuttings root perfectly, and the grapes can withstand frosts down to -24 ° C. Disease resistance is not fully understood, treatments are naturally needed, but due to the early ripening period, the main struggle can be postponed until the moment after harvesting the entire crop. All this proves that Eva is promising for growing in the middle lane.

Julian

Super early hybrid form with the original form of berries and bunches, obtained from one of the parents - Rizamata. The bushes have great vigor, the vine ripens along its entire length, the cuttings take root by 90-95%. The berries are not only beautiful, but also very tasty, with a firm crunchy pulp and a good accumulation of sugar. To obtain good yields, normalization is required, it is characterized by a higher average resistance to diseases.

Dark colored varieties

There are not so many high-quality dark-colored early grape varieties.

Beauty of Nikopol

It is considered one of the best grape varieties with ultra-early ripening of berries. Very productive and powerful grapes, bunches and berries have an excellent presentation and harmonious taste. The disadvantage is the relative instability to mildew, which can be corrected by spraying the bushes after the release of the crop.

The video below allows you to get an idea about this variety, as well as about the raisin super early Veles grape variety.

Very early red nutmeg

A curious very early form of grapes from Moldova. The berries are very similar in shape to the Cardinal variety, but smaller in size. She has a peculiarity, the older the bush, the larger the clusters and berries in them become. When ripe, the berries change color from red to almost purple.

Anniversary of the Kherson summer resident

A fairly new hybrid form of grapes from Ukraine is already very popular due to its ultra-early maturity, pleasant taste of berries with nutmeg notes, their attractive appearance and rather high winter hardiness of the bushes. The berries are large pink in color; in the sun they acquire an additional dark "tan".

Viking

Another popular ultra-early hybrid form with early and full maturation of all shoots. The bushes are vigorous and productive. Elongated berries can survive on the vine for several months. Disease resistance is average - requires mandatory treatments.

Rhombus

A completely new hybrid form of grapes, the fruits of which have an original diamond shape. The taste of the berries is also unusual, with some fruity notes.Ripens one of the first, but disease resistance has not yet been fully understood.

Kishmish

Among seedless grape varieties, there are also super-early ripening varieties.

Superearly seedless

The very name of this variety speaks volumes about its main characteristics. Harvesting can begin 80-85 days after the start of the growing season. This raisin is quite enough CAT about 1800 ° for full ripening. The berries have a tasty, crispy flesh with a thin skin and can be used for drying. Productivity and disease resistance are average. But the shoots ripen well.

Somerset Seedlis

It is considered the best seedless variety for northern viticulture, as it can withstand frosts down to -32 ° -34 ° С. Ripens one of the first. Bunches and berries are medium-sized, pinkish in color with a pleasant taste. The yield is average, but you have to pay for frost resistance and early maturity.


Grapes

Pineapple is a versatile grape variety. The Pineapple grape variety, in comparison with other isable varieties, has a rather large bunch (up to 300 g), a large oval yellow-green berry (3.8-4.6 g). The pulp is slimy, the skin is thick, poorly eaten. The taste of the berries is pleasant, their aroma is reminiscent of pineapple. The seeds are large, but easily separated from the pulp.

Bars is a table hybrid form of grapes. Ripening period - early middle. The bunches are conical, sometimes shapeless, large, weighing 500-600 g, medium density and loose. The berries are round or slightly oval, white, large, with an average weight of 13.6 g. The flesh is crispy, dense, the skin is of medium thickness and density, the taste is bright nutmeg aroma.

Boyarin is a table hybrid form of early ripening grapes. The bunch is large and very large, with an average weight of 745 g. The berry is very large, slightly oval, similar in shape to a barrel, white, when fully ripe, it is yellow, with an average weight of 13.2 g. The pulp is dense, crispy, the skin is of medium thickness, eaten. The taste is harmonious. Has a tendency to peel berries.

Vanyusha is a hybrid form of grapes. Ripening period is early middle (end of August). The clusters are large and very large, with an average weight of 819 g, cylindrical-conical, of medium density and dense. The berries are very large, round or slightly oval, with an average weight of 12.9 g, white, transparent, in the sun they become pale amber yellow. The pulp is juicy and fleshy, the skin is dense. The taste is harmonious.

Early ripening. The bunches are large, 500-800 g, conical, medium density. The berries are large, oblong-nipple-shaped, with an average weight of 8-9 g, white. The pulp is fleshy and juicy, the skin is thin. The taste is harmonious, very pleasant and refreshing.

Zarnitsa is a hybrid form of amateur grapes. Very early ripening period: 110 days. It ripens 5-7 days earlier than the Arcadia variety. The bunches are large, 0.7-1.5 kg, conical, medium-dense, not prone to peas, beautiful. The berries are large, 8-10 g, oval, yellow. The taste is pleasant, with a harmonious combination of sugar content and acidity. The pulp is dense, the skin is eaten.

Grapes Ilya Bely - a new table form of grapes selected by VNIIViV im. ME AND. Potapenko. The ripening period is very early. The bunches are large, weighing 500–1000 g, cylindrical-conical, medium-dense. The flower is bisexual. Berries with an average weight of 11.2 g, oval, white, pleasant harmonious taste.

Veles grape is a hybrid early ripening variety. From the appearance of the first leaves to the ripening of the fruit, it takes about 100 days. The vine of the Veles variety grows and matures rapidly. One fruiting shoot forms 2-4 flower clusters. Flowers are bisexual. The plant does not need additional pollination.

Grape Crystal - a high-yielding technical grape variety. Ripening period is very early (110-115 days). The bushes are medium-sized. Leaves are medium, strongly cut, dark green. The clusters are medium, cylindrical-conical or conical, of medium density, weighing 170-200 g.

Campbell Early is a versatile isabelle grape. Early-middle ripening period. The cluster is medium and large, conical and cylindrical, often with one wing, medium and dense. The berry is large, round and slightly oval, dark purple-black.

Mars is a seedless table grape, an isabelle variety. Average ripening period, 130 days. The berries are medium, round, with an average weight of 4.2-4.8 g, black. The skin is firm, separated by a pouch. The pulp is slimy, with a strawberry aroma.

The variety was bred by P.E. Tsekhmistreno at VNIIALMI. The cluster is small and medium, cylindrical, of medium density. The berry is medium, greenish-yellow, the skin is thin, the translucent pulp is juicy, with a strong nutmeg aroma, becomes watery when overripe.

Nadezhda AZOS - a variety of grapes for table use, early middle ripening period. Ripens mainly in the second decade of August or the beginning of the third. Bunches of medium density or loose, conical or branched (weighing 400-600 g). The berry is elongated-oval, simple taste, blue (black) - 6-8 g.

Seedless variety with very early ripening period. Large bunches grow. Average size - 30x20 cm, weight about 370 g. Record-breaking large hands can weigh up to 1 kg. The fruits of the grapes are dark blue, closer to black, have good taste characteristics, the weight is up to 2.5 g. The ripening of berries usually takes from 90 to 115 days from the beginning of the growing season.

Platovsky grapes a high-sugar variety of a very early ripening period, winters without shelter up to -25 ° C (under snow up to -40 ° C!), has increased resistance to mildew and gray rot. The yield is high. The bunch weighs 300-500 g. The berries are white, oval-shaped, weighing 4-4.5 g, the flesh is crispy. The taste is excellent, with a subtle nutmeg aroma.

Transformation - a hybrid form of amateur grapes, very early ripening. Bunches are conical or shapeless, medium density, sometimes loose, weighing 700-1500 g. Berries are elongated-oval, very large, with an average weight of 13.9 g, pink, harmonious taste.

Grape Rails Pink Seedles - Very early ripening period 2250-2350 ° С (105-110 days). In Novocherkassk, it ripens in early August, 3-5 days earlier than the Einset sidlis variety. The bushes are vigorous. Bunches according to the Institute. Potapenko 80-100 g, according to the originator with an average weight of 300 g, cylindrical-conical, moderately dense.

Strashensky is an early or early middle table grape with black berries. Resistant to mildew, has increased resistance to phylloxera, spider mites. However, it does not differ in increased resistance to gray rot of berries and powdery mildew.

Table grape variety, early ripening - 115-120 days. Ripens in early August. Bushes with great vigor. The bunches are large, 350-400 g, conical, of medium density. The berries are large, weighing 4.2-4.8 g, round or slightly oval, greenish-yellow. The pulp is practically non-slimy, the taste is with a very pleasant, unobtrusive isable aroma. The skin is firm but edible.

The bunches are aligned in shape, conical, of a loose consistency, with an average weight of no more than 250-350 g. The berries are round, up to 3.5 g in size, dark blue, almost black in color. The taste of ripe berries is somewhat simple, but pleasant, with a fairly high amount of pectins. The amount of sugars in grape juice reaches 20%. Berries keep very well on bushes for a long time. The average ripening period does not exceed three months.

Tason is a table grape variety, very early ripening, 100-110 days. Bunches are cylindrical-conical, very large 500-800 g, individual up to 1.2 kg, medium density. Berries are white-pink, large, 6-7 g, oval, 24.7 x 18.2 mm. The pulp is crispy. The taste is harmonious, with nutmeg.

Frumoasa Albă is an early maturing white table grape (at the level of the Queen of the Vineyard). Resistant to mildew, gray berry rot.

CheSuRan (black super-early Cicatricial) Ripening period: ultra-early ripening period, 80-90 days. Bush: medium vigor. Bunch: medium and large, cylindrical, from 500-700 g, medium density. Berries: round, from 5g, black-purple color. The pulp is sweet and sour, juicy, the taste is pleasant, harmonious. The skin is tender. Winter hardiness: withstands frosts down to -26 ° C.

Amber is a table grape variety, early ripening. The bunch is medium and large (250-450 g). The berry is large (4-4.71 g), yellow-green, amber when fully ripe, obovate with a broken top, covered with brown dots. The consistency of the pulp is fleshy and juicy, with a strong nutmeg aroma.


Svetlana

Svetlana is a table form of early or early-middle ripening grapes. Ripens 5-7 days earlier than the parent variety Talisman, 117-125 days. In the conditions of Bryansk, it ripens on August 15-20. Differs in a very strong growth of bushes. Ripening of shoots is good. Bunches of medium density, less often loose, most often conical or shapeless, with an average weight of 800-1000 g. The flowers are functionally female, but pollinated well - without peas, much better than the Kesha-1 (Talisman) variety. The appearance of the bunches and berries resembles the Kesha-1 variety. Berries are very large 35 x 31 mm, (average weight 14-16 g), individual - 40 x 35 mm, (20-25 g), white, harmonious taste, with a slight nutmeg flavor. The pulp is fleshy and juicy, the skin is moderately dense and strong enough, well eaten. Sugar content 17-23%, acidity - 6-8 g / l. The harvest on the bushes lasts a long time, by the fall the berries are partially raisin and do not lose their qualities. Wasps are practically not damaged. High transportability. Fruitful shoots 80-90%, the number of clusters per shoot.


Watch the video: Sugraone Seedless Grapes Variety. Sugraone Seedless. Grapes Farming.