11 vegetables you need to plant in a crisis so you don't go hungry
The financial crisis is a reason for many to think about saving. Food, which tends to make up the bulk of your spending, also falls on this list. However, even at such a time, you should not give up vegetables that are extremely useful for our body. Most of them can be grown in their own dacha.
Legumes are nutritious and healthy products. In addition, their seeds are not expensive, they are unpretentious - seedlings germinate quickly, and do not require special care when growing. The most common options are peas, beans and beans. Dried beans can be stewed, added to soups and salads, and even made into cutlets. The beans are delicious fresh. Green peas can be canned and frozen, as well as added to salads or used as a side dish.
All melons and gourds are also extremely picky. By planting just a few bushes of zucchini, squash or pumpkin, you will provide the whole family with healthy vegetables for the whole year. Jam from the pumpkin is cooked or stored fresh. In a warm room with low humidity, the vegetable is stored for more than 6 months. Zucchini and squash can be canned and frozen.
Cabbage is more difficult to grow as it requires seedlings. But in general, all types of this vegetable will help diversify the menu in times of crisis. For example, if you plant 10-15 bushes of early and late white cabbage, you will get a vegetable for a fresh salad and raw materials for winter harvesting. Cauliflower and kohlrabi are more capricious to grow. They are often infected by diseases and pests, but ripe forks can be frozen and then stewed, boiled, or baked. Kale, Brussels sprouts and broccoli are grown in the same way. Part of the harvest is consumed immediately, and part is frozen or canned for the winter.
Potatoes are the main vegetable on our table. Growing this crop on your own will help you save on cereals. But unlike legumes and melons, you will have to tinker with it. This plant needs several loosening, hilling and processing from the Colorado potato beetle. However, by paying attention to it, even from a small plot you can collect several bags of the crop, which will be enough to feed the whole family for several months.
The process of growing this crop is simple. All you need to do is place small bulbs on the garden bed and weed the seedlings several times and loosen the soil around them to get an extremely nutritious set of vegetables and herbs. Since in the process of growth you get juicy green feathers, which can be eaten fresh or frozen for the winter, and when fully ripe - onions, which will serve as a vitamin reserve for the period of cold weather, and will also be an addition to many dishes. After thorough drying, it can be stored for a long time.
The principle of growing garlic is almost the same as that of onions. In addition to the fragrant heads themselves, you can also get garlic arrows from the garden. They can be boiled and stewed in a skillet with spices, and can also be pickled and canned for the winter. Once ripe, you get another vegetable rich in vitamins. It also needs to be dried in the fresh air, after which it can be stored for a long time in a cool dry place.
Carrots are present in many dishes, so they should definitely be planted in the country. However, in order to get a good harvest of this vegetable, some nuances must be taken into account. It takes a long time from planting carrot seeds to germination. To speed up the process, 10-14 days before that, they are placed in a gauze bag and dropped into the ground to the depth of a shovel bayonet. Immediately before sowing, the seeds are removed. By this time, small shoots are formed on them, which will accelerate the appearance of shoots in the garden. When mass shoots appear, the carrots must not only be weeded out, but also thinned out so that the roots are larger. This vegetable can be stored for 6-8 months without losing its properties and freshness. It is delicious in any form, and besides, it will enrich your diet with useful microelements.
Cucumbers are highly productive and disease resistant. One package usually contains about 30 seeds, most of which grow into a full-fledged bush that bears tasty and juicy fruits. This vegetable can be eaten fresh or canned, pickled, pickled. If this plant has enough light and moisture, the harvest will be plentiful.
Bell peppers and hot peppers are grown by the seedling method. These vegetables will help diversify your diet and make preparations for the winter. For example, bell peppers can be canned or frozen; in the latter case, the vegetable is peeled from the stalk and frozen whole. The result is a blank for making stuffed peppers. A spicy vegetable is often used in canning, but for long-term storage it is better to dry it.
Beetroot is another unpretentious vegetable. It is enough to place the seeds in small grooves, and the emerging seedlings are thinned out. With just 5 rows of 30-40 cm long, you can collect several bags of beets. It is best to store it in a cool basement. In this case, the vegetable will remain firm and fresh until the next season.
Tomatoes are considered a difficult crop to grow, but every effort will be rewarded with a rich harvest. Tomatoes are grown by seedling method. Novice summer residents should give preference to low-growing varieties that do not need pinching and installation of supports, but if you want to harvest more harvest, it is better to plant tall varieties in addition to this. Only 20 bushes of tomatoes of different varieties will give enough harvest for fresh consumption, canning, making homemade tomato juice and sauce.
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Which vegetables do not require watering
Due to lack of time, the inability of constant maintenance of the city or other reasons, a person often wonders which plants do not require constant and special care. In the summer you want everything fresh. But for most of those who have these sites, this period is difficult.
On hot days, you need to water the plants almost every day, rid the garden of weeds and spray the plants from pests. During this period, there is no time for even a small respite. But there are plants that do not require special care.
The most ideal plants are salad greens. You just need to sow the plant and it will survive even in harsh situations. The most important thing is to prevent this plant from blooming. If the greens begin to bloom, the taste will then be lost. In addition, there are some plants that can be plucked several times per season.
Personal experience: What is it like to be a gardener in Siberia
It should be noted right away that Siberia is a rather vast region, located in the second or third zone of winter hardiness according to the USDA classification. This must be taken into account when creating a garden in such unfavorable conditions for agriculture. The climate here is sharply continental, with large seasonal temperature fluctuations.
Winter can last six months - snow falls on Pokrov (i.e. October 14), sometimes a little later, and melts by mid-April. The average temperature in winter is -20 °, but frosts down to -35 are not rare. The minimum temperature in particularly severe winters drops below 42 °.
Summer in Siberia is short, but hot. It happens both +35 and +37 degrees Celsius. Abundant precipitation and floods give way to long dry periods. All this should be taken into account by Siberian gardeners.
On May Day holidays, the heat is thirty degrees: you can sunbathe and even swim, and after two weeks it snows - something like this happens every year in our area. As a rule, a cold snap begins during the flowering of bird cherry, so there is no point in planting seedlings in open ground and sowing heat-loving crops until mid-May.
And even after the end of return frosts, you should be on your guard so that, if necessary, you can quickly cover fresh plantings with covering material.
Early potatoes, which have just sprung up by this time, are spud "headlong" so that the cold does not damage the young shoots.
Dates and dates
In Siberia, there are constant shifts in the timing of flowering and ripening of the crop. Everything blooms 2-3 weeks later than in the middle zone of Russia. When the day of the first cucumber is celebrated in Moscow, our cucumber whips are only gaining strength. Siberian gardeners should always take this fact into account and make corrections in the flowering calendar or when calculating the planting of seedlings.
The same goes for the deadlines indicated on the seed labels: Siberian producers set deadlines, adhering to local conditions, and a couple of weeks need to be added to seeds produced and packaged in other regions.
The same should be done with the recommended planting dates specified in articles such as "What to sow in August". It is difficult for us in Siberia to get a second full harvest from the garden after harvesting onions. Perhaps, only lettuce and siderates, with repeated crops, will have time to grow before the onset of cold weather.
Long-term vegetables can only be grown through seedlings, and preferably under greenhouse conditions. To get an early harvest, it is important to choose the earliest varieties of certain vegetables.
Starting from mid-August with its cold nights, Siberian gardeners again take out covering material and with its help prolong the fruiting period of cucumbers, peppers and tomatoes in the open field.
At first glance, the choice of ornamental plants among Siberian gardeners is small and limited to two numbers: 2-3 winter hardiness zone. Indeed, due to the complexity of the climate, harsh and long winters, we have to abandon some types of flowering trees and shrubs, such as weigela, buddleya, deytsia and some others.
But if you immediately take some restrictions as a basis and not chase all the novelties of the horticultural market, but rely on resistant species and local varieties, then in the end you can get a full-fledged lush garden. Among the winter-hardy plants there are many attractive species: lilac, Maak bird cherry, Tatar honeysuckle, steppe almond, tamarisk, mock orange and many others.
Conifers in Siberia
When we talk about Siberia, the word “taiga” comes to mind first of all. The coniferous forest is a distinctive feature of the region. Conifers are perfectly adapted to survive in these difficult conditions: resin protects tree trunks from frost damage, and needles from drying out. Since winter lasts about six months, and at this time there are few colors around, the color in the garden during this period is simply necessary - you cannot do without the use of conifers.
To decorate the garden, you can choose many worthy candidates among them. Limitations here are often caused not by frost resistance of plants, but by the size of the site. You should also take into account the relatively low growth rate of conifers, but in a successful summer they are able to give up to 20 cm of growth.
If you are not attracted to a garden in a natural style and you want truly garden plants, then there is always plenty to choose from, there are not many restrictions.
Roses (6th winter hardiness zone), as in the central part of Russia, can be grown under reliable shelter for the winter. Gladioli and dahlias, as elsewhere, should be dug up for the winter. And a huge number of annuals grown through seedlings will not notice the difference in the climatic conditions of Siberia and the middle zone - you just need to plant seedlings a little later than in other regions. Thus, with the help of certain species, you can create a garden of continuous flowering.
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Saturation with color
White winter is good, but it quickly becomes boring - I want color. And some monotony and monotony of summer greenery will be successfully diluted with plants with variegated and colored foliage. Derains, bladders, ornamental apple trees, red-leaf bird cherry and hazel are all able to survive the cold. Some varieties of geyher and hosts also do well in the gardens of Siberia.
Perhaps some of the gardens here may seem overly colorful and bright, but the Siberian summer is so short that you want to get as many impressions as possible for the long snowy winter.
Changing the style
If you wish, you can give the garden a southern flavor due to plants with wide leaves: Manchurian walnut, cannes, calla lilies, castor oil plants and the same hosts. Fruit grapes will decorate a pergola or a gazebo, and if you choose a zoned variety, then they will delight you with fruits.
The Ginnala maple and the Sakhalin mountaineer, similar to bamboo, will add an oriental touch to the garden. Felt cherry will successfully replace sakura blossoms, and even give delicious fruits.
For any style, you can choose plants that are most characteristic in appearance, but hardy enough to survive in the gardens of Siberia.
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Who needs beds
There are vegetable crops that always grow in a separate area, each in its own garden. Moreover, some crops cannot even grow in neighboring beds - see vegetable crop compatibility.
But some vegetables or herbs do not need a separate corner of the garden, but can be planted with the main crop, these are: radishes, dill, lettuce, beets, turnips, beans.
Radishes, dill, and leafy greens can be grown as garden beds. For example, radishes and lettuce go well with carrots. You can also plant radishes in the garden with kohlrabi cabbage or between tomato bushes.
The beans can be planted along the edge of a potato field or next to tomatoes or cucumbers.
Salad - in the garden with onions, between cabbage bushes or cucumbers.
Beets grow well along the edge of the beds, especially if they are low, without sides. These can be beds with carrots, cabbage, onions, cucumbers. You can plant beets with a border near the strawberry garden. Wonderful beets are adjacent to grapes.
Grapes generally love some vegetables, and you can take a place next to the vines: radishes, beets, dill, cauliflower, spinach or sorrel.
Turnip is more categorical, but you can make a joint bed: turnip with beets, carrots, watercress. You can combine turnips with radishes, celery, or spinach.
Raspberries can be planted without beds, for example, along a fence, next to fruit trees, or you can make a separate raspberry plant - this is an unfenced area, in two or three rows of raspberry bushes, about 70 cm wide, with the installation of a support for tying. Two rows of raspberries can fit perfectly on one and a half meters of land, in the middle there is a 30 cm wide passage. And next to the raspberries it is worth planting sorrel - it does not allow raspberries to grow like a weed. It is impossible to plant any vegetables and berries under raspberry bushes.
Do I need to shape and trim vegetables and herbs on the windowsill?
Tomatoes on the windowsill are mainly grown those that do not require pinching, but if this is indicated on the seed packaging, then we regularly remove the stepchildren.
We form the peppers: we remove the inner branches that interfere with the airing and growth of the fruits, we also pluck out the crown buds. Remove excess and drying inflorescences.
Photo ard: “I could not stand it, I cut all the lateral branches with weak small flowers at the overgrown pepper. All the same, all these flowers will be thrown off, and they are wasting food. I left somewhere half of the branches. "
We tie the cucumbers, of course. Photo lmlnow
We sow the greens thickly, but then thin them out. The cut can be dried or added to a salad. Photo The idea
Cut the onion on a feather carefully with a knife, it will grow back one more time. Photo Twins: “I took small onions, but I didn’t buy a set specifically, but I chose the smallest from an ordinary onion”.
Basil is pinched, it grows back perfectly, just like oregano, sorrel, lemon balm. Photo K @ p @ stranded
We cut off the parsley too, it will grow again. Photo mila1977: “I have been growing parsley on the windowsill for the second year. At the end of summer, I dig a few parsley roots in the country and transplant them into a pot. Of course, in the darkest months, growth slows down, but since February it has started to grow again. Stands on the south window, soon you can take it out to the loggia. I water it often - it dries very quickly. I don’t risk growing greens from seeds on the windowsill ”.
Cons of growing vegetables in pots
Despite the fact that the advantages are impressive, it is impossible to engage in the growing process without obvious nuances and disadvantages.
- The amount of a full-fledged crop is scarce, since it is impossible to plant at home, so that it does not interfere with ordinary life, a large number of seedlings. A lot of efforts are being made, and the result is modest.
- The process of additional lighting is laborious, since you should spend not only on special lamps, but also on paying electricity bills.
- Not always beautiful greens of vegetable crops are crowned with fruiting, so such failures give up completely.
- There will definitely be more garbage in the apartment, since you should constantly think over all the points - to defend the water, transplant and dive young seedlings. It should also be borne in mind that a pleasant aroma does not always appear in the room, for example, from growing onions in water, since the root system and water begin to grow moldy with prolonged vegetation and emit not very pleasant aromas.
Despite all the nuances and peculiarities, growing your own "vegetable garden" in flower pots is a great alternative, which will definitely be a good bonus for any city dweller.