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Flowers in the house are useful and necessary (part 4)

Flowers in the house are useful and necessary (part 4)


A list of relatively shade-tolerant plants that most effectively cleanse the air from most harmful impurities with a brief description of their requirements for keeping conditions

Aglaonema - coefficient 6.8 (absorbs benzene, toluene). Poorly tolerates tobacco smoke. Contain at 18 ... 25 ° C; The pH of the soil is 6.5-7.0. Plant height - up to 1.5 m.

Azalea - coefficient 6.3 (absorbs formaldehyde). Air temperature 10 ... 20 ° C, pH 6.0-6.5. Plant height - up to 1.5 m.

Aloe - coefficient 6.5 (absorbs formaldehyde). Content temperature range 10 ... 28 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - up to 1 m. Fights tobacco smoke.

Anthurium Andre - coefficient 7.2 (absorbs formaldehyde, ammonia, toluol). Air temperature 15 ... 25 ° C, pH 5.0-6.0. Height - up to 1.5 m.

Araucaria varifolia - coefficient 7.0 (absorbs various impurities). Releases phytoncides. Content temperature 10 ... 20 ° C, pH 6.0-6.5. Height - up to 1.5 m.

Banana - coefficient 6.8 (absorbs formaldehyde). Requires a temperature of 16 ... 25 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - 1.5-2.0 m. Requires high air humidity.

Decorative foliage begonia of different types - coefficient 6.9 (absorbs volatile compounds). Content temperature 15 ... 20 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - 30-40 cm. Unpretentious.

Gerbera Jameson - coefficient 7.3 (absorbs formaldehyde, trichlorethylene, benzene). Contained at a temperature of 18 ... 24 ° C, pH 6.7-7.0. Height - 25-30 cm.

Guzmania reed - coefficient 6.0 (absorbs formaldehyde, toluol). Requires temperature 18 ... 25 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - 30-45 cm. Needs high humidity.

Dendrobium - coefficient 6.0 (absorbs methanol, acetone, formaldehyde). Contained at 20 ... 28 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - 30-40 cm.

Dieffenbachia - coefficient 7.3 (absorbs formaldehyde). Content temperature 17 ... 25 ° C, pH 6.0-6.5. Height - 1-1.5 m. The brighter the spots on the leaves, the more light is required.

Dracaena deremskaya - coefficient 7.8 (absorbs formaldehyde, benzene, trichlorethylene). Contained at a temperature of 16 ... 28 ° C, pH 6.0-6.6. Height - up to 3 m.

Kalanchoe - coefficient 6.2 (absorbs formaldehyde). Air temperature 10 ... 28 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - 30-50 cm. Unpretentious. Blossoms in winter (K. Blossfelda).

Calathea - coefficient 7.1 (absorbs formaldehyde). Contain at 18 ... 25 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - up to 60 cm. Moist air is required.

Cypress - coefficient 7.5 (absorbs volatile substances). It grows at a temperature of 5 ... 20 ° C, pH 5.5-6.5. Height - up to 2 m.

Codiaum (croton) - coefficient 7.0 (absorbs volatile substances). Contained at a temperature of 16 ... 22 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - 15-150 cm.

Liriope spicata - coefficient 6.2 (absorbs formaldehyde, ammonia). Height - 15-25 cm. Bulbous plants for rooms.

Arrowroot - coefficient 6.6 (absorbs various impurities). Optimum air temperature 18 ... 25 ° C, high air humidity, backlight. Used for conservatories, grows well in aquariums or on a glass shelf above them. pH 6.0-6.5. Height - up to 1.5 m.

Neoregelia - coefficient 6.4 (absorbs tolulol, xylene, various impurities). Height - 40-50 cm. Recommended for offices with copiers and printers.

Nephrolepis - coefficient 7.5 (absorbs formaldehyde). The optimum temperature of the content is 14 ... 20 ° C, pH 6.0-6.5. Partial shade, moist air and soil are required.

Peperomia - coefficient 6.2 (absorbs formaldehyde). Contain at 16 ... 22 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - 20-30 cm. Photophilous.

Ivy - coefficient 7.8 (absorbs formaldehyde, trichlorethylene, benzene). Content temperature range 12 ... 20 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. The length of the stems of this vine is up to 2-3 m.

Poinsettia - coefficient 6.9 (absorbs formaldehyde). Contain at 14 ... 24 ° C, pH 6.0-6.5. Height - 50-70 cm.

Rapis (palm) low or high - coefficient 8.5 (absorbs ammonia, other volatile substances). The optimum temperature of the content is 14 ... 24 ° C, pH 6.0-7.0. Height - up to 1.5 m. Recommended for offices with computers, photocopiers, smoking areas; in a bright place and in partial shade. From time to time, the palm tree is rotated around the axis for uniform crown growth.

Sansevier - coefficient 6.8 (absorbs formaldehyde, trichloethylene, benzene). Grows at 12 ... 25 ° C, pH 7.0. Height - 60-100 cm. Shade-tolerant, drought-resistant, tolerates dry air.

Syngonium - coefficient 7.0 (absorbs formaldehyde). Contained at a temperature of 18 ... 23 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - up to 2 m. Moist air is required. Milky sap can irritate mucous membranes, so you shouldn't put it in your baby's room.

Spathiphyllum - coefficient 7.5 (absorbs formaldehyde, acetone, trichloethylene, benzene). It grows at a temperature of 16 ... 27 ° C, pH 7.0. Prefers partial shade.

Scindapsus (epipremnum) - coefficient 7.5 (absorbs formaldehyde, benzene). Contained at 12 ... 24 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - up to 2-3 m. Drought-resistant, shade-tolerant. Does not tolerate drafts and cold air.

Tradescantia (T. sillamontana) - coefficient 7.8 (absorbs formaldehyde). Wide temperature range: 8… 25 ° C, pH 7.0. The length of the ampelous stems is up to 1 m.

Tulip - coefficient 6.2 (absorbs formaldehyde). Contained at a temperature of 10 ... 20 ° C, pH 7.0. Height - 30-40 cm.

Phalaenopsis hybrid - coefficient 6.3 (absorbs formaldehyde, toluene). Requires a content temperature of 20 ... 28 ° C, humid air, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - 30-40 cm.

Ficus elastica - coefficient 8.0 (absorbs formaldehyde, trichloethylene, benzene). It grows successfully at 12 ... 25 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0, height - up to 3 m. Shade-tolerant, maintains air humidity in rooms and offices.

Philodendron - coefficient 7.0 (absorbs formaldehyde). Optimum temperature 15 ... 22 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. The length of vine stems is up to 4 m. Shade-tolerant, hygrophilous. Requires support in the form of a coconut-wrapped rack or trellis lattice.

Date Robelena - coefficient 7.8 (absorbs toluene). Contain at 12 ... 28 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Height - up to 3 m. Unpretentious.

Hamedorea - coefficient 8.4 (absorbs formaldehyde, trichlorethylene, benzene). Grown at 12 ... 20 ° C, pH 6.0-6.5. Needs a bright place, sufficient soil moisture and air.

Chlorophytum crested - coefficient 7.8 (absorbs formaldehyde, carbon monoxide). It grows at a temperature of 10..18 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Green-leaved forms are shade-tolerant, variegated ones need good lighting. Moisture-loving, spraying is useful to increase air humidity. Especially effective in the fight against tobacco smoke in the kitchen with a gas stove.

Chrysalidocarpus yellowish (areca palm) - coefficient 8.5 (absorbs formaldehyde, trichloroethanol, benzene). Contained at 18 ... 22 ° C, pH 6.0-6.5. Height - up to 2 m.

Chrysanthemum mulberry - coefficient 7.4 (absorbs formaldehyde, benzene, ammonia). It grows at a temperature of 18 ... 24 ° C, pH 6.7-7.0. Height - 35-40 cm. Photophilous.

Cyclamen - coefficient 6.0 (absorbs volatile organic compounds). Contain at 12 ... 14 ° C, pH 5.5-6.5. Height - 15-20 cm. Pour into the edge of the pot without moistening the tuber. They are fed with a weak solution of fertilizers for flowering plants (Uniflor-Bud, AVA).

Cissus antarctic - coefficient 7.5 (absorbs formaldehyde, volatile organic compounds). It grows at a temperature of 12 ... 15 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. The length of the creeping stems is up to 2.5 m. It needs support in the form of trellises, trellises. Prefers shade, partial shade, leaf spraying.

Schefflera tree - coefficient 8.0 (absorbs formaldehyde, benzene, toluene). Contain at 12 ... 20 ° C, pH 6.5-7.0. Large, showy plant with leathery, finger-like leaves, dark green or variegated. Shade-tolerant.

Schlumberger - coefficient 5.6 (absorbs volatile compounds). Contained at 10 ... 25 ° C, pH 6.0-6.5. Prefers not too bright lighting. You cannot turn the plant in buds and flowers relative to the light source, so that the plant does not throw them off.

Ehmeya striped - coefficient 6.8 (absorbs formaldehyde, volatile chemical compounds). Content temperature 16 ... 25 ° C, pH 6.0-6.5. Photophilous, does not like movement.

Of all the variety of flowering plants, the best "filters" that absorb the maximum amount of various harmful substances turned out to be very common types: Palms rape, chrysalidocarpus, date, chamedorea, shefflera, ficus, dracaena, chlorophytum, ivy, tradescantia, scindapsus.

Knowing about the amazing properties of the usual inhabitants of home windowsills, we will probably treat them with even greater love and gratitude for their beauty and dedication, with which flowers literally save us in the "stone jungle" of cities.

Elena Kuzmina
Photo by the author


1st place: Spathiphyllum

Spathiphyllum is the most popular flower that brings happiness to the house, or rather female happiness. He is even so often called "Women's happiness", instead of a real botanical name. It is believed that this plant, regardless of the marital status of its owner, has a beneficial effect on relationships between people. For example, for single women - it brings love, for childless - the birth of a child, for families - new feelings and passion, and for couples with children - mutual understanding and peace.

The indoor flower has large, dark green leaves and tall slender stems with white flowers that resemble calla lilies. Plant care is simple. Spathiphyllum is unpretentious, it feels great in room conditions at temperatures from 18 to 23 degrees. Watering should be done frequently and regularly during hot summer days and moderate (and sometimes minimal) during cold seasons. With an inappropriate temperature regime or an excess of moisture, growth slows down. The transplant should be carried out in the spring, but not during the flowering period.


Indian azaleas

Indian azaleas bloom in late autumn. A flowering bush looks like an air cloud. Azaleas will bloom for a long time if they are watered with soft acidified water and kept in a room with cool air. I spray only the underside of the leaves. This is necessary in order to increase the humidity of the air, but not to spoil the flower petals. Many amateur flower growers put snow on the soil in pots or in a pallet so that the soft melt water will water the azalea and cool the temperature of the earth and air a little. In order for the plant to bloom as long as possible, pinch off the young shoots that appear at the base of the buds. They draw back the life force of a blooming azalea. It happens that it is difficult for the bud to open, after a while it dries up. He needs help to throw off hard scales by wetting them with water. After that, it is easier to remove them with a needle or wooden toothpick. In summer, it is better to transfer azaleas to the garden or to the balcony (in partial shade). You can keep a pot with a bush on the windowsill by an open window. For the winter holidays, we traditionally display an Indian azalea with scarlet flowers in a prominent place in the house.


Edible plants in the kitchen

Many housewives can no longer imagine their kitchen without food plants. The beauty and benefits are attracting more and more lovers - who does not want to feast on fresh herbs or taste real berries and vegetables in winter.

Spicy herbs are increasingly grown in the kitchen: anise, chervil, mint, lemon balm, cucumber herb (borage), which tastes like cucumber, marjoram, basil, dill, parsley. These and many other spices "captured" not only kitchens, but also balconies.

Decorative pepper looks unusually bright and beautiful in the kitchen, which on long winter days can decorate not only the home, but also the diet of its owner with wonderful spicy fruits.

Small trees of lemon, orange, kumquat have also gained immense popularity. For myself, I decided to buy a kumquat. When I saw this little tree, I just fell in love with it. In addition to the fact that its bright, tangerine-like fruits can cheer you up, they are very healthy and tasty. Unlike other citrus counterparts, kumquat fruits, which do not exceed 2 cm in diameter, are eaten along with the peel. This helps to feel all the richness of their taste.

The plant itself has a huge range of healing properties, and in Asia all its parts are used to treat various diseases. This "miracle" appeared from China, where it received the name "kumquat" ("golden apple"), and the Japanese call this plant "kinkan" ("golden orange"). We have more accustomed to the Chinese version.

But these are not all possible solutions that can be applied in the kitchen. Look, dare, and you will succeed!


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