Grown from tamarillo seeds - an exotic fruit that looks like a sweet tomato
I learned about this interesting plant quite recently. I just bought the fruit to try. I was surprised by the taste of the pulp - sweet and sour, with a delicate aroma. I liked it very much, but the price bites. I decided to try to grow - what if it works!
The tomato tree is an exotic fruit from the nightshade family. You can buy it in stores or in the market. The closest relatives are potatoes and eggplant. Shoots grow up to 5 m in height in the open field, and at home the tree will be about 2 m.
In tropical countries where the culture grows, children simply pick tomatoes and suck the pulp. But it is better to use a spoon or pour boiling water over the fruit and peel it off.
Having cut the tamarillo, I pulled out about two dozen ripe seeds from it. Actually, there are many of them, and all are viable. So planting material from even one fruit will be quite enough.
A necessary stage of germination is seed stratification. They need to be rinsed well with running water, put on a napkin moistened with a spray bottle and cover the seeds with its edge.
Now we place future seedlings in the refrigerator for 24 hours. The temperature should be around +5 degrees.
After a day, we take out the seeds and start sowing. I always buy soil in the store. Well-sorted fertile garden soil is also suitable. We put it in a small container and plant the seeds.
They need to be deepened no more than 2 mm, and the distance between the grains should be about 2 cm. You need to slightly moisten the soil and close it with a plastic bag to create a greenhouse effect.
Keep container warm. Every day they are ventilated and the moisture of the soil is monitored. Friendly shoots will appear in nine days. It will be possible to start picking.
There is nothing complicated in this process. We carefully take out the sprout from the common container and transplant it into a plastic cup with soil of the same composition.
Seedling care is simple. It is watered as needed. Once it is necessary to feed the seedlings with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. This crop resembles tomatoes, so I take care of it in the same way as for tomato seedlings.
It is very important that the plants do not stretch, and all their strength goes to the formation of a powerful root system. The green mass will grow later. If the sprouts are too elongated, you need to reduce watering and increase lighting.
When growing tamarillo indoors, you need to stock up on pots. The fact is that this exotic is growing very quickly. It needs to be replanted every three months, increasing the volume of the container by 3 liters.
The capacity should not be too deep, because the root system of the tree is superficial and develops mainly in breadth. There must be holes and a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot. The soil surface can be decorated with small pebbles or deciduous mulch.
Plants are watered in a tray twice a week. The water must be clean, filtered or settled. The soil substrate for an adult tree needs a very loose one so that the air can freely flow to the roots.
Tamarillo needs intense, diffused lighting, but direct sunlight is harmful to him. On cloudy days, foliage needs additional lighting, and in summer, shading.
The tomato tree can be placed in a conservatory, greenhouse, or just in a room. The temperature should not drop below +10 degrees. Closer to autumn, in the second year after planting, tamarillo will delight you with white and delicate inflorescences. Fruits gradually ripen, from 3 to 12 per cluster. Their length is from 5 to 10 cm, the shape is oval.
You can offer fruit for dessert by inviting friends to a party - success will be guaranteed.
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Growing tamarillo at home
Exotic fruits have so strongly "joined" the ordinary life of our residents that many have ceased to be "overseas" and rightfully replace their native apples and pears. Nevertheless, there are a number of fruits that are still a kind of curiosity, and when you see them in a supermarket, you involuntarily want to know their name and taste.
I belong to those people who not only strive to learn something new, unknown, but also to those who are ready to move mountains in order to achieve the desired goal. Indeed, I cannot take away determination, decisiveness and confidence in a positive result, because behind my shoulders I have a whole greenhouse of unusual flowers and exotic fruits.
I had a passion for gardening a very long time ago, I always tried to grow something cooler or better, experimenting with varieties, hybrids and soils. Flowers are another matter, these are my "children", whom I take special care of all year round in order to help each plant bloom in time with its unrivaled flowers.
The idea that you can create certain conditions and grow exotic fruits at home appeared a long time ago. Naturally, there was a lot of trial and error, especially since their "punctures" are taught much more clearly than practical advice from the outside. Therefore, in this way, my collection of exotic plants, which delight with their fruits, is increasing every year. I would like to share my bright experience in growing tamarillo from seeds at home. I will tell all the secrets and nuances for those who also decide to acquire such an original plant.
Tamarillo is one of the most unusual and unusual exotic fruits for us, which I once accidentally found in a supermarket for a considerable amount of 80 hryvnia, but this prompted me to try to grow this unusual fruit and replenish my own collection. I bought a small cherry red fruit that resembles a small tomato, and for good reason, as the people call it a tomato tree. They say that tamarillo can be found in a variety of colors: purple, yellow, red, orange, or a mixture of these shades to some extent, because this is a feature of the variety. Unfortunately, nothing was indicated on the label other than the name, and it is difficult for me to confirm the variety or place of origin, although I know that this fruit is grown in South America most of all. Googling on the Internet, I found a lot of information about how it is absolutely simple to grow tamarillo at home and decided not to lose the opportunity and collected seeds for planting.
Growing at home
The tree, accustomed to the hot climate, easily adapts to new conditions. It can be grown in a greenhouse or in a tub at home, taking into account the following rules:
- Prepare the seeds. It is enough to buy ripe fruit, cut, remove and rinse the seeds. Their germination is very high, but it is advisable to perform stratification by keeping the seeds in the refrigerator for a day.
- Sow seeds. In the spring, plant the seeds to a depth of 1-2 cm in a box with light, fertile soil. Moisten from a spray bottle.
- Plant seedlings. The plant grows quickly and after 2-3 weeks it can be planted in a separate container. Choose a wide, low pot with drainage holes. The height of the tamarillo grown will be no more than 2.5 m, but the roots need a lot of space.
- Create suitable conditions. The plant requires high humidity, good illumination, but stagnant water and direct sunlight are not allowed.
In winter, keep the plant at room temperature; in summer, take it out to the balcony or garden. Protect from strong wind and frost. When it grows up, transplant it into a large tub.
This inhabitant of the subtropics is unpretentious, hardy and takes root well, blooms and even bears fruit. It will decorate the room, but it will take up a lot of space.
Features of the lychee plant
There are a lot of exotic trees in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden, but the lychee tree is very different for its attractive appearance. The height of an adult plant ranges from 10 to 15 meters. A spreading tree, pyramidal or round in shape, with low-lying dense branches. The gray trunk of the plant without roughness is adorned with a dense round crown of leathery rays-leaves. Leaves often have multiple divisions. On a newly planted tree, the leaves are reddish-brown in color. An adult, fruiting tree has deep green foliage. By the appearance of the leaves, trees are distinguished into two types:
- Lychee chinese - on a large sheet, you can count up to 8 small, oblong leaves.
- Lychee filipino - the sheet is also large, but the divisions are larger, since there are only four parts.
The tree blooms with inflorescences of both sexes, pollinated by pollinating insects. A flowering tree looks very beautiful, covered from bottom to top with green-yellow small flowers gathered in panicles at the ends of the branches. The tree is especially attractive from a distance, it looks like a flowing diamond placer.
The tree is also beautiful during fruiting, when small yellow flowers with a green tint replace brown or dark red fruits of various shapes. Fruits are round, oblong, heart-shaped. Fruits, reaching 3 centimeters in diameter, with coarse, rough skin, called "pedicarp", resemble a hen's egg, covered with eggshells that breaks easily. The pulp of the fruit is white inside, almost transparent, very tasty, juicy, aromatic and sweet and sour. In the center of the fruit, in the pulp, one seed grows, similar in shape to an acorn. It is from this seed that a large, fruitful tree can grow.
From the moment of amicable flowering to the receipt of fruits, at least 140 days should pass. The fruit is considered fully ripe and ready for harvest after color change. Unripe fruits have a very light shade of green, but those ready for harvesting become deeply scarlet. Technical ripeness comes quickly and it is impossible to delay the collection, otherwise the rough peel covering the fruits, overripe, will burst, exposing the pulp. Such a fruit will not tolerate transportation and storage.They begin to pick the fruits as soon as the fruit turns red.
Fruit clusters are cut from the branches of the tree, and then the fruits are carefully cut, avoiding mechanical damage, which will lead to rotting of the fruit. The fruits are packed very quickly and sent for sale to retail chains. In China or Vietnam, up to 130 kilograms of delicious fruit can be harvested from one lychee tree. In other countries, the indicator is much less, because it all depends on weather conditions and compliance with the rules for growing lychee.
Growing Kiwano from seeds at home
In order to try to grow Kiwano in our middle lane, you first need to grow seedlings. You can use seeds for its growth both purchased and removed from a ripe fruit.
Initially, the seeds are soaked for a day in a nutrient solution, with the addition of "sodium humate" or "epin-extra".
After a day, the seeds are planted in separate containers prepared for seedlings. The diameter of the planting containers should be about 10 cm. The seeds are deepened by 3 cm into the loose nutrient soil and either placed in a greenhouse or covered with glass for at least two weeks.
It is necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out and avoid direct sunlight.
As soon as sprouts appear, glass on containers with seedlings can be removed and you can wait for favorable conditions for planting seedlings in a greenhouse or in open ground. Since Kiwano is a thermophilic plant and is extremely sensitive to low temperature extremes, it is advised to plant seedlings in a greenhouse in mid or late May. Seedlings can be placed in open ground only when it finally gets warmer and the threat of frost passes.
If you plan to grow Kiwano outdoors, you need to choose places protected from wind and direct sunlight. Also, it is important to ensure the possibility of weaving vines, therefore it is recommended to plant seedlings in open ground near a fence or buildings. In the greenhouse, the seedlings must be tied to a vertical trellis. The optimum distance between seedlings is 50-80cm.
Further care of the Kiwano is simple. It is necessary to provide the plant with regular watering, weeding and feeding every 10-12 days.
Experienced gardeners recommend alternating organic and mineral fertilizing. When there are many side shoots, you should pinch them on the ovary. Barren flowers must be completely removed, and young ovaries must be removed every two days, so that new fruits appear faster. The plant begins to bear fruit after 2 months.
INTERESTING! The African Kiwano cucumber can be perfectly grown in urban conditions, on a balcony or loggia. To do this, you need to choose the right pot with a volume of 5 to 25 liters and pollinate by hand with a brush. Kiwano fruits can decorate your balcony or loggia very creatively.